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PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS

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Title: PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS Author: SGHS Last modified by: SGHS Created Date: 8/18/2010 1:10:36 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS


1
PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS
  • CHAPTER ONE

2
Somatoform Disorders
  • Conversion Disorders is when someone will
    actually gain some sort of handicap with no
    logical explanation of how it happened
  • Ex. Soldier losing eyesight in war after seeing
    something traumatic
  • Hypochondriasis- is someone who is in good
    health and exaggerates ailment into life
    threatening condition

3
Somatoform Disorders
  • A dissociative disorder is when someone
    experiences alterations in memory, identity, or
    consciousness
  • One type of dissociative disorder is dissociative
    amnesia
  • Dissociative amnesia is when someone loses their
    memory because they are trying to escape from
    life problems by forgetting them or repressing
    them
  • This type of amnesia is not caused by a head
    injury, but instead a traumatic event

4
Dissociative Disorders
  • Dissociative fugue is when someone will suddenly
    and unexpectedly leave home or work and is unable
    to recall where they go, how they got there, or
    what they did
  • This disorder can last for day or decades
  • Dissociative identity disorder is also known as
    multiple personality disorder. This is when
    someone exhibits two or more distinct
    personalities

5
Dissociative Disorders
  • Schizophrenia involves confused and disordered
    thoughts and perceptions. The person will
    basically lose touch with reality to a
    considerable extent.
  • Many people with this disorder experience
    delusions and hallucinations. They will see
    people that aren't there, talk to people that are
    not there, and hear voices that others cannot.
  • There are three types of schizophrenia

6
Types of Schizophrenia
  • Paranoid schizophrenia involves having delusions
    and hallucinations of grandeur I am the savior
    of my people or persecution someone is always
    watching me.
  • Catatonic schizophrenia those with this disorder
    will remain motionless for long periods of time
    in awkward positions
  • Disorganized schizophrenia- incoherent in thought
    and speech and disorganized in their behavior.
    Also experience hallucinations and delusions but
    more fragmented

7
Mood Disorders
  • Mood disorders are characterized by extreme
    Depression
  • Major Depressive disorder is a severe form of
    depression that interferes with functioning,
    concentration, and physical and mental well being
  • When someone alternate between mania and
    depression this is called bi-polar disorder

8
Mood Disorder
  • During the manic phase a person is extremely
    distracted or confused. During the depressive
    phase the person has the feeling of failure or
    worthlessness
  • Seasonal Affective Disorder is when someone is
    deeply depressed, but only during one particular
    season

9
Personality Disorders
  • Personality disorders are characterized by the
    inability to have meaningful relationships with
    others, assume social responsibility or adapt to
    social environments
  • One type of personality disorder is called
    antisocial disorder.
  • Someone with this disorder disregards and
    violates the rights and feelings of others
    without remorse
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