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HansenName _____________________ World HistoryPeriod _________ World War II Axis Victories 1939-1941 Note-Taking Guide

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Title: HansenName _____________________ World HistoryPeriod _________ World War II Axis Victories 1939-1941 Note-Taking Guide


1
Hansen Name _____________________World
History Period _________ World War II Axis
Victories 1939-1941 Note-Taking Guide
  • Allied Morale
  • Non-Aggression Pact
  • Why was this a shock?
  • Nazis and Communists were both Totalitarians, but
    they _____________________________________
  • Why would the Nazis do it? _______________________
    ______________
  • Why would the Soviets do it? _____________________
    _____ _____ _____________________________________
  • On ______________________, Poland was invaded
    from the East and the West _______________________
    .
  • Invasion of Poland
  • Karma - ____________________________________
  • Hitler uses Polish Corridor, Danzig as an excuse
    to invade
  • What are they? ____________________________
    __________________________________________________
    ________________________
  • A 20/20 Look Back to Assess Appeasement
  • () Best Minds ________________
    ____________________________
  • Hitler Turns West
  • France should be Ok because of the
    _____________________.
  • Weakness __________________________________-
  • __________________- lightening war
  • Opposite of ____________________
  • Bombers __________________________________________
    ___ ______________________________________________
    _____
  • Tanks ____________________________________________
    ___ ______________________________________________
    _____
  • France fell in ___________________
  • Hitlers Train Car Symbolism? ____________________
    _______ __________________________________________
    _________
  • Vichy France _____________________________________
    ___ ______________________________________________
    _____
  • One Bright Spot for the Allies -
    __________________________
  • A British Army that was stationed in France
    _______________________
  • A fleet of army boats, but also ______________,
    picks up and saves the _____________army
  • England Stands Alone
  • ________________________ out and
    ______________________ in because
    ________________________________________________
  • Well, sort of alone

2
  • Britain Must Hold Out Against A German Invasion
  • Britain Must Hold ________________________________
    _
  • However, this can only last as long as Britain
    ________________
  • The Battle of Britain was a battle for supremacy
    in the ________________ fought between the
    German Air Force (_________________) and the
    British Air Force (___________)
  • Battle of Britain Versus the London Blitz
  • Hitler gave up on the Battle of Britain
  • Shouldnt have because __________________
    _____________________________________
  • Turns instead to the London Blitz, in which
    _______________ __________________________________
    _________________
  • lucky for England.
  • England _______
  • Never have so many owed so much to so few.,
    meaning __________________________________________
    ____ _____________________________________________
    _
  • ? Hitler Turns East
  • Operation ____________________ the invasion of
    __________
  • Hitler is hoping for _____________________________
    _________
  • My empire will last for ______________________.
  • Whose biography should Hitler have studied?
  • Operation Barbarossa started 129 years
    _______________ after ___________________
    invasion of Russia.
  • Three Pronged Assault
  • ? The Pacific Theater
  • Pearl Harbor
  • Why did the Japanese do it? _____________________
    __ ______________________________________________
  • Japanese then won a string of victories in the
    Pacific as the U.S. attempted to recover from the
    nearly _______________________
  • ? From the Start of the War (Sept. 1939) through
    winter
  • 1941, the Axis Have Been (almost) Unstoppable
  • Behind the impenetrable Axis lines, Hitler has
    the time and privacy to start his
    ______________________
  • The promised ___________________________ Jews

3
Allied Morale/Success
10. Normandy
1. Treaty of Versailles- Germany is punished
High
3. Hitler crushes Poland
WWI Trench Warfare
2. Germany, Japan, and Italy start breaking the
Treaty of Versailles- World Wide Depression
4. Hitler crushes France in less than 3 months
5. London is bombed
6. German General Rommel pushes allies out of all
of North Africa except Egypt
9. American victories in the Pacific, vitory in
North Africa, Italian campaign,
7. Operation Barbarossa
8. Pearl Harbor
8. Russian Winter
Low
1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944
1945
4
Part I. Axis Victories or The Axis Shocks the
World1939-1941
5
Lets Review the Axis Challenges to the League
  • German Rearmament
  • The Rhineland
  • The Spanish Civil War/Guernica
  • Austria
  • Ethiopia
  • Manchuria
  • The Munich Conference
  • Fall of Czechoslovakia
  • Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact

6
Britain and France Drew a Line in the Sand
  • Belief that Hitlers next target was Poland
  • Britain and France declared that they would fight
    for Poland
  • But then an earth shattering event

7
Nazi/Soviet Non-Aggression Pact
  • Why was this a shock?
  • Nazis and Communists were both Totalitarians, but
    they also hated each other.
  • Why would the Nazis do it?
  • Avoid two front war
  • Why would the Soviets do it?
  • Aim Hitlers army at the West
  • Gain time to prepare (remember purges???)
  • On Sept. 1st, 1939, Poland was invaded from the
    East and the West simultaneously.

8
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9
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10
The Invasion of Poland
  • Invasion of Poland
  • Karma Poland had taken a piece of
    Czechoslovakia when it was attacked by Germany
  • Hitler used Polish Corridor/Danzig as an excuse
    to invade
  • What are they?

11
Allied Intervention- France and Britain Declared
War
  • A 20/20 Look Back to Assess Appeasement
  • () Best minds at the time believed it could be
    effective
  • () Britain and France did declare war when they
    themselves had not been attacked
  • (-) Phony War Britain and France didnt exactly
    back their attack up no fighting during the
    Polish campaign or for the next 6 months
  • An early view of what war in the East meant to
    Hitler
  • Lebensraum and annihilation
  • Soviets were no better
  • Katyn Forest Massacre
  • Hitler gambled that the French and British would
    eventually negotiate once Poland had actually
    fallen
  • He did not hope for a war against the French and
    British

12
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13
  • Our strength is our speed and our brutality.
    Genghis Khan chased millions of women and
    children to death, consciously and with a happy
    heart. History sees him only as a great founder
    of states. It is of no concern, what the weak
    Western European civilisation is saying about me.
    I issued the command - and I will have everybody
    executed, who will only utter a single word of
    criticism - that it is not the aim of the war to
    reach particular lines, but to physically
    annihilate the enemy. Therefore I have mobilised
    my Skull Squads, for the time being only in the
    East, with the command to unpityingly and
    mercilessly send men, women and children of
    Polish descent and language to death. This is the
    only way to gain the Lebensraum, which we need.
    Who is still talking today about the extinction
    of the Armenians?"

14
Hitler Turns West
  • French are OK, though, right?
  • Maginot Line

15
WEAKNESS!!!
  • Ardennes Forest

16
Blitzkrieg
  • lightning war
  • Opposite of trench warfare from WWI
  • Bombers create confusion and cut communications
  • Tanks cut through the enemy line and go
    straight for the population centers

17
Germany Tanks sneak through the Ardennes
  • France falls in
  • 5 weeks
  • Think about WWI for a second

18
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19
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20
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21
One Bright Spot in the Fall of France
  • The Miracle at Dunkirk
  • A British Army that was stationed in France turns
    and runs like hell
  • A fleet of army boats, but also pleasure boats,
    picks up and saves the British Army

22
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23
Miracle at Dunkirk
24
England Stands Alone
25
Chamberlain Out/ Churchill In
  • Why???

26
Well Sort of Alone
  • The U.S., under President Franklin Roosevelt
    (FDR) starts the Lend-Lease Program
  • Well give you military supplies until you can
    give them back later
  • This is an oversimplification, but you get the
    ideatricky ways found by the U.S. president to
    aid the British
  • Remember, lots of people in the U.S. still
    support isolationism

27
End of Day 1 Lecture
28
Britain Must Hold Out Against A German Invasion
  • British Navy Must Hold the English Channel
  • However, this can only last as long as Britain
    controls the air
  • In WWII war, the airplane is supreme
  • The Battle of Britain was an air battle fought
    between the German Air Force (Luftwaffe) and the
    British Air Force (the RAF)

29
Battle of Britain v London Blitz
  • Goal???
  • Why Hitler gave up???
  • Goal???

30
Never have so many owed so much to so few.
In the End, Britain Held
31
Hitler Turns Eastwards
32
Operation Barbarossa
  • Hitler angry!
  • Attack from Germany into Russia
  • Hitler is hoping for lebensraum and resources
  • My empire will last for 1000 years.
  • Whose biography should Hitler have studied?
  • Operation Barbarossa started 129 years to the day
    after Napoleons invasion of Russia.

33
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34
Hitler's Commissar Order to his Generals Before
Operation Barbarossa
  • "The war against Russia cannot be fought in
    knightly fashion. The struggle is one of
    ideologies and racial differences and will have
    to be waged with unprecedented, unmerciful, and
    unrelenting hardness. All officers will have to
    get rid of any old fashioned ideas they may have.
    Any German soldier who breaks international law
    will be pardoned.

35
The Nazi execution of Soviet civilians kneeling
by the side of a mass grave at Kraigonev, USSR,
following the German invasion of the Soviet
Union. Anyone suspected of being a Communist
official, along with Red Army officers and male
Jews were chosen for execution.
36
Surprise!
  • On the 1st day of Operation Barbarossa advancing
    German forces passed a Russian train bringing
    supplies to Germany. What does this show?
  • In the first 24 hours alone, the Russian
    Air-Force was almost entirely destroy and
    hundreds of thousands of Russian soldiers taken
    prisoner or killed
  • Within a year, Hitlers forces have reached his
    targets- Leningrad, Moscow, and Stalingrad,
    hundreds of miles into the Soviet Union

37
Pacific Theater
  • Pearl Harbor
  • Why did the Japanese do it?
  • Japanese then won a string of victories in the
    Pacific as the U.S. attempted to recover from the
    nearly fatal blow to its Pacific Fleet

38
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39
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40
Pearl Harbor from a satellite
41
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42
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43
From the Start of the War (Sept. 1939) through
winter 1941, the Axis Has Been (almost)
Unstoppable
  • Behind the impenetrable Axis lines, Hitler has
    the time and privacy to start his promised Final
    Solution
  • extermination of the Jews
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