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A New United States

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A New United States ... guaranteed a republican form of government Individual Rights Protects rights of individual citizens Bill of Rights Freedom of religion, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: A New United States


1
A New United States
  • U.S. Constitution 1787

2
Roots Heritage
Framers of the Constitution were
intelligent/schooled men
Influenced by John Lockes theories of natural
rights
English democratic tradition
Drew on thousands of years of sources models
Political developments from Greek philosophers
the Roman republic
Magna Carta (1215) limit the monarchs powers
gave more power to the legislature
English Bill of Rights (1689)
and Baron de Montequieus ideas of separating
balancing the powers of the govt
3
Set-up of the Constitution
  • Preamble
  • Intro
  • Articles
  • 7 total
  • Amendments
  • Bill of Rights
  • 10 as of 1791
  • 27 overall

4
Preamble of the Constitution
We the people of the United States, in order to
form a more perfect union, establish justice,
insure domestic tranquility, provide for the
common defense, promote the general welfare, and
secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves
our posterity, do ordain establish this
Constitution for the United States of America.
5
Goals of the Preamble
  • To form a more perfect union (of states)
  • To establish justice (protect set the laws)
  • To ensure domestic tranquility (peace at home)
  • To provide for the common defense (defend
    country)
  • To promote the general welfare (well-being of
    general population)
  • To secure the blessings of liberty

6
The Articles
  • Legislative branch
  • Executive branch
  • Judicial branch
  • Relation between states
  • Amendment process
  • National supremacy
  • Constitution is supreme law of the land
  • Ratification

7
Basic Principles
  • Popular Sovereignty
  • A monarch is unconstitutional
  • People have authority
  • Right to alter or abolish government
  • Examples in the Constitution
  • We the peopleestablish this Constitution for
    the United States of America
  • House of Representatives (chosen by people) given
    power to raise money-bills
  • States given right to decide on slavery (10th
    Amendment)

8
Basic Principles
  • Limited Government
  • Avoid tyranny
  • Govt has powers only expressed in Constitution
  • Everyone must obey laws
  • Examples in the Constitution
  • Article 1, Section 9 Powers denied to Congress
  • Article 1, Section 10 Powers denied the States
  • 10th Amendment Reserved clausepowers reserved
    to the states

9
Basic Principles
  • Separation of Power
  • 3 branches of government (Articles 1-3)
  • Executive President
  • Legislative Congress
  • Judicial Courts
  • Checks Balances
  • No abuse of power
  • Each branch can limit the other two

10
Basic Principles
  • Federalism
  • Division of govt power
  • Federal government divided from the state

State
National
BOTH
  • Enumerated Powers
  • Regulate trade
  • Coin money
  • Provide an army navy
  • Conduct foreign affairs
  • Set up federal courts
  • Concurrent Powers
  • Enforce the laws
  • Establish courts
  • Collect taxes
  • Borrow money
  • Provide for the general welfare
  • Reserved Powers
  • Regulate trade within the state
  • Establish local govt systems
  • Conduct elections
  • Establish public schools system

11
Basic Principles
  • Republicanism
  • Republic form of government
  • Citizens elect representatives
  • Example Article 4, Section 4 guaranteed a
    republican form of government
  • Individual Rights
  • Protects rights of individual citizens

12
Bill of Rights
12 amendments proposed in 178910 amendments
ratified by Congress on 12/15/1791 known as
Bill of Rights
  1. Freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly,
    petition
  2. Right to bear arms
  3. No lodging troops in private homes
  4. Search Seizure
  1. Rights of the accused
  2. Right to speedy trial by jury
  3. Jury trial in civil cases
  4. Bail punishment
  5. Powers to the people
  6. Powers to the states
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