Jimmy Carter Democrat 1977-1981 born: Oct 1, 1924 and still kickin!!! Vice prez: Walter Mondale From: Georgia - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Jimmy Carter Democrat 1977-1981 born: Oct 1, 1924 and still kickin!!! Vice prez: Walter Mondale From: Georgia

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Title: Our 50 States: [Name of Your State] Author: hburch Last modified by: itd rcsd Created Date: 4/5/2006 8:53:40 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Jimmy Carter Democrat 1977-1981 born: Oct 1, 1924 and still kickin!!! Vice prez: Walter Mondale From: Georgia


1
Jimmy CarterDemocrat1977-1981born Oct 1,
1924and still kickin!!!Vice prezWalter
MondaleFrom Georgia
2

I. Political Background
a. 1963-1967 Georgia state senator b.
1971-1975 Georgia governor c. 1977-1981
Thirty-ninth U.S. president d. 1980 Lost
presidential election to Ronald Reagan
3
(1) Election of 1976
  • D Jimmy Carter/Walter Mondale
  • R Gerald R. Ford/Robert Dole
  • Very close election
  • 1. Popular Vote 40,977,147 to 39,422,671
  • 2. Electoral Vote 297 to 240
  • d. Jimmy Carter's success in the election of 1976
    resulted in large part because he seemed to
    possess honesty, piety, and a D.C. outsider's
    skepticism of the federal government

4
BlueCarter GreenFord
5
  • (2) Panama Canal
  • 1. Pushed for
  • ratification of a
  • treaty that would
  • return control
  • of the Panama
  • Canal to the
  • Panamanian govt
  • on Dec 31, 1999.
  • (so we gave it back under
  • Bill Clinton)
  • (Unpopular - had just one vote more than the
    required for the 2/3rds majority!)

6
  • (3) Creation of Dept. of Energy
  • a. created as a result of the severe
  • energy crisis of the 1970s
  • b. Carter called for conservation of
  • fuel and use of alternative energy
  • sources (sound familiar? Still talkin)
  • c. Coal miners strike and the nuclear
  • power plant accident at Three-Mile
  • Island near Harrisburg, PA dealt
  • blows to his energy policies

7
  • (8) Accident at Three-Mile Island
  • a. March 28, 1979 a nuclear power plant in
    Pennsylvania experienced a severe
  • core meltdown in one of the plants
    reactors
  • b. Despite the scare that radioactivity would
    spread and damage people nearby, no one received
    a harmful amount.
  • c. This accident led the U.S. to reform our
    nuclear power industry to improve safety!

8
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9
  • (4) African apartheid The discovery of diamonds
    in South Africa caused issues between races.
  • B) With the enactment of apartheid laws in 1948,
    racial
  • discrimination was institutionalized. Race laws
    touched
  • every aspect of social life,
  • including a prohibition
  • of marriage between
  • non-whites and whites,
  • and the sanctioning of
  • white-only'' jobs. In 1950,
  • the Population Registration
  • Act required that all South
  • Africans be racially classified
  • into one of three categories
  • white, black (African), or colored (of mixed
    decent).

10
  • Cold War Hot Spots Israel

11
  • (5) Camp David Accords
  • 1. Carter invited Egyptian president Anwar
    el-Sadat and Israeli prime minister Menachem
    Begin to the presidential retreat at Camp David,
    Maryland, to discuss peace between the two
    nations
  • 2. Meeting lasted over 13 days during September,
    1978 was successful!

12
  • 3. Drafted and signed on March 26, 1979
  • 4. Other Arab nations rejected the Camp David
    Accords

13
  • Carter and the Camp David Accords

14
(6) Iranian Hostage Crisis
  • 1. Islamic Revolution in Iran occurred on
    November 4, 1979
  • 2. America supported shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi,
    who was
  • forced to leave Iran
  • 3. Shah was very ill with
  • cancer and was admitted
  • to an American hospital

15
  • 4. Iranians believed that his presence in the
    U.S. would provide a base for the Shah to reclaim
    his throne
  • 5. Ayatollah Khomeini, a radical Islamic leader
    and one
  • of the Shahs most vocal
  • opponents, became Irans
  • leader and proclaimed
  • Iran an Islamic Republic

16
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17
  • Iran Hostage Crisis
  • 6. Nov 4, 1979
  • American
  • embassy in
  • Tehran, Iran
  • was attacked and
  • the American
  • Staff was
  • taken hostage

18
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  • 7. Diplomatic efforts failed, and Carter froze
    all Iranian financial assets in the U.S.
  • 8. Failed military attempt to rescue the hostages
    almost half of the helicopters developed
    mechanical problems another crashed (8 U.S.
    Soldiers died during Operation Eagle Claw, April
    1980)
  • 9. HUGE embarrassment to the Carter
    Administration and the U.S.

20
Downed American helicopter during Operation Eagle
Claw on a mission to rescue the hostages
21
  • 10. Carter eventually secured the release of the
    hostages
  • 11. 52 men were held hostage for 444 days
    release time was scheduled for January 20, 1980,
    when Ronald Reagan became the next president

22
  • (7) China
  • Carter Administration formally
  • recognized the Peoples Republic as
  • the sole government of China led
  • to the establishment of normal
  • relations
  • with
  • Communist
  • China.

23
  • (9) Soviet invasion of Afghanistan
  • a. Civil war in Afghanistan ?secular,
    communist govt vs. Muslims who wanted a
    more traditional govt that followed the
    religion
  • b. Invasion of Soviets Dec, 1979 began
  • a 9-year conflict claimed they were not
    invading the country but were supporting a
    legitimate government against terrorists. C.
    The US thought the muslims were a better choice
    than communism (can we say stoopid!)
  • D. of course we all know Afghanistan is still a
    problem!!! Hellloooo Osama Bin Laden ring a bell?

24
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25
  • (10) Boycott Olympics
  • Carter withdrew
  • American participation
  • in the summer Olympics
  • held in Moscow as a
  • result of the invasion
  • 60 nations boycotted in total
  • (USSR retaliated by boycotting the 1984 Los
    Angeles Olympics)

26
  • Foreign Policy Troubles

27
(11) Steven Jobs/Stephen Wozniak
  • Co-founders of Apple Inc. on April 1, 1976
  • Greatly increased the popularity of personal
    computers in the 1970s- making a HUGE impact on
    the business and communication
  • world
  • Apple II was 1st
  • successful sale
  • eclipsed by Mac

28
Affirmative Action
  • Definition positive steps taken to increase the
    representation of women and minorities in areas
    of employment, education, and business from which
    they have been historically excluded.
  • This sometimes gave preference to ethnic
    minorities and women in admission and hiring.

29
  • c. Some businesses and schools developed a fixed
    number of openings or quotas for certain groups
    of people.
  • d. This practice angered many, and the issue made
    its way to the Supreme Court in University of
    California v. Bakke

30
  • e. Supreme court ruled that Allan Bakke, a white
    man, had been unfairly denied admission to
    medical school on the basis of these quotas.
  • f. It did strike down the use of the quota system
    in university admissions and said that race can
    be one eligibility factor but not the determining
    factor.
  • g. Many people claim affirmative action is
    Reverse Discrimination.

31
People Leave Rust Belt for the Sun Belt
32
(12) Sunbelt
  • The states where
  • their economies
  • are based on
  • sun and
  • good weather.
  • - travel
  • -vegetation
  • Very important
  • to US economy
  • as a whole

33
Rust Belt
  • The Rust Belt was a term that gained currency in
    the 1980s as the informal description of an area
    straddling the Midwestern and Northeastern United
    States, it specialized in large-scale
    manufacturing of consumer and industrial
    products. This includes the transportation and
    processing of the raw materials required for such
    manufacturing.

34
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35
  • (13) Pork-barrel legislation
  • - term used to describe bills of Congress that
    are loaded with special projects the govt will
    fund, courtesy of tax-payers. Congressmen work
    diligently for the acceptance of projects in
    their constituencies b/c it aids in their
    reelection!
  • Ex getting Congress to appropriate funds for a
    dam over the Flowing River provides jobs (which
    !) to citizens living in Sen. Smiths district.
    People are happy about the 10 million he helped
    bring to their district through his work on the
    bill they happily re-elect him in the next
    election.

36
  • (14) Civil Service Reform Act 1978
  • a. Included a wide variety of management
    reforms, including creation of the Office of
    Personnel Management (OPM), the Merit Systems
    Protection Board (MSPB), and the Federal Labor
    Relations Authority (FLRA)
  • (these agencies replaced the former U.S. Civil
    Service Commission).
  • b. Aimed to reward highly efficient government
    workers and get rid of inefficient ones.

37
(15) SALT II (Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty)
  • 1. Carter attempted to negotiate a SALT II
    treaty with the Soviets,
  • but some members of Congress felt
  • it threatened American defense
  • 2. When the Soviet Union invaded
    Afghanistan in 1979, all talk of
    ratifying the treaty was pushed aside

38
V. Random Information about Life After Presidency
  • a. Founded the Carter Center in Atlanta in 1982
    that promotes human rights, democracy, improved
    public health and advances in agriculture
  • b. Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2002 for his
    efforts in seeking peaceful solutions and
    promoting social justice

39
  • c. Will forever be known as the Peanut Farmer
    president from Georgia due to his peanut
    agricultural background before becoming involved
    in politics

40
  • d. Economic Troubles

1. Inflation and high unemployment were still
problems 2. High interest rates and a poor
home-mortgage market discouraged economic
expansion
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