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Ford and Carter Administrations

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Ford and Carter Administrations 1974-1976 1976-1980 Gerald Ford Only President never elected to office Was Ford s pardon of Nixon good or bad for the nation? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ford and Carter Administrations


1
Ford and Carter Administrations
1974-1976
1976-1980
2
Gerald Ford
  • Only President never
  • elected to office
  • Was Fords pardon of Nixon good or bad for the
    nation? (speech)
  • Aftermath of Vietnam
  • Continued détente
  • Helsinki Accords
  • Defeated by Jimmy Carter (D) in 1976 elections

3
Stagflation
  • Recession AND Inflation
  • High unemployment combined with inflation
  • Started in 1960s Peaked in 1970s
  • Energy Crisis Oil Embargo

4
Jimmy Carter (1976-1980)
  • Washington Outsider
  • pros/cons
  • Former navy officer
  • Peanut Farmer
  • Governor of Georgia
  • Devout Baptist
  • Focus on human rights and diplomacy, rather than
    military force
  • E.g. Soviet invasion of Afghanistan leads to U.S.
    boycott of 1980 Olympics in Moscow and withdrawal
    from SALT II treaty

Campaign T-Shirt
5
Carter Administration
  • Achievements
  • Human Rights
  • 1978 Camp David Accords
  • Peace b/w Egypt and Israel

Problems Energy Crisis Middle East
countries (OPEC) raised petroleum
prices Continued Stagflation Iranian Hostage
Crisis
6
Carters Downfall
  • Iran-Hostage Crisis
  • QUESTION How should Carter have responded?
  • Historical Context 1953 CIA coup
  • CIA helped to place Shah Reza Pahlavi back on
    the throne after Iran attempts to nationalize oil
    industry
  • EVENTS
  • 1979 - Ayatollah Khomeini takes power
  • Islamic Fundamentalist cleric
  • Shah overthrown
  • American embassy is taken with 66
    hostages
  • Hostages released hours after Reagans
    Inauguration (444 days)

7
Malaise
  • QUESTION Explain several events of the 1970s
    that contributed to the general feeling of
    malaise
  • Watergate
  • Stagflation
  • Energy Crisis
  • Iran Hostage Crisis
  • Three Mile Island
  • Eroding National Confidence
  • Carter Speech QUESTION What impact do you
    think this speech would have on Americans? On
    Carters popularity?
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