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NORTH CAROLINA

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Title: NORTH CAROLINA


1
NORTH CAROLINA ECONOMICS, LEGAL, AND POLITICAL
SYSTEMS REVIEW
Instructions for use
A) click mouse and a question will appear with
possible answers.
B) select your answer and click on it.
C) you will be shown the correct answer.
D) click again and the next question will appear
There are approximately 200 prompts in the
review, if you can not finish the review in one
setting use the scroll bar to remember where you
left off.
Created by J. Marshall Gasperson/
gaspersonm_at_watauga.k12.nc.us
2
Who is known as the Father of the Constitution?
A) Thomas Jefferson
B) George Washington
C) James Madison
D) Ben Franklin
3
Which of the following court cases established
Judicial Review?
A) Gideon v. Wainwright
B) Miranda v. Arizona
C) Marbury v. Madison
D) Korematsu v. United States
4
Local governments get most of their revenues from
which of the following
A) Fees and Fines
B) Property Tax
C) Sales Tax
D) Income Tax
5
What is largest expenditure for the National
government?
A) Military
B) National Parks
C) Welfare programs
D) Foreign Policy
6
A political partys beliefs are stated in the
party___________ .
A) Nomination
B) Registration
C) Convention
D) Platform
7
Which of the following is an example of an Excise
tax?
A) Sales tax
B) Gas tax
C) Property tax
D) Income tax
8
Which of the following provides the most State
revenue?
A) Sales Tax
B) Gas Tax
C) Property Tax
D) Income Tax
9
Which of the following is a Progressive Tax?
A) Sales Tax
B) Property Tax
C) Income Tax
D) Luxury Tax
10
What was the original purpose of the
Constitutional Convention?
A) Revise the Constitution
B) Revise the Articles of Confederation
C) Revise the Mayflower Compact
D) Revise the Declaration of Independence
11
The 13 original state governments had all of the
following, except
A) Monarchs
B) Bill of Rights
C) Legislative Branches
D) Executive Branches
12
Which of the following men first stated, All men
are created equal
A) George Washington
B) Jean Jacque Rousseau
C) Thomas Jefferson
D) John Locke
13
What state did not send a delegate to the
Constitutional Convention?
A) North Carolina
B) Delaware
C) New York
D) Rhode Island
14
Which of the following creates the budget for the
National Government
A) Legislative Branch
B) Executive Branch
C) Judicial Branch
D) State Legislatures
15
The court case Tinker vs. Des Moines School
District dealt with which of the following
A) separation of church and state
B) freedom of the press
C) freedom of speech
D) right to bear arms
16
Interest Groups often hire ________, to help them
influence legislation.
A. Citizens
B) Commissioners
C) Lobbyists
D) Politicians
17
Which of the following elects the President
A) Citizens
B) Electoral College
C) State Legislators
D) State Governors
18
Which of the following statements is best defined
as, people equals power
A) Popular Sovereignty
B) Natural Rights
C) Citizenship
D) Expressed Powers
19
Congressional power of 2/3 Override is an example
of which of the following
A) Popular Sovereignty
B) Representative Democracy
C) Federalism
D) Checks and Balances
20
Which of the following court cases dealt with
freedom of expression through the burning of the
US Flag.
A) Gregg v Georgia
B) Texas v. Johnson
C) Gibbons v. Ogden
D) Wallace v. Jaffee
21
Which Article of the Constitution establishes the
legislative branch?
A) Article I
B) Article II
C) Article III
D) Article VII
22
Which of the following has the power to tax?
A) Congress
B) NC General Assembly
C) Boone Town Council
D) All of the Above
23
Which states opposed the Virginia Plan?
A) Large States
B) All States
C) Small States
D) No States
24
The United States has which of the following
political systems
A) One-party system
B) Two-party system
C) Three-party system
D) Multi-party system
25
Which of the following would be most concerned
with the issue of global warming
A) National Government
B) State Government
C) Local Government
D) All of the Above
26
Federalism is best described as________ of
government.
A) Representation
B) Levels
C) Sections
D) Divisions
27
Which of the following gives Congress its
Implied powers?
A) Presidential Clause
B) Federalism
C) Supreme Court
D) None of the above
28
The landmark court decision of McCulloch v
Maryland establish which of the following
A) separate but equal was constitutional
B) congresses power to regulate interstate
commerce
C) struck down school prayer
D) supremacy of the federal government
29
The power to coin money is an example of an
A) Reserved power
B) Concurrent Power
C) Enumerated power
D) None of the Above
30
Which of the following countries has a
multi-party political system
A) Russia
B) United Kingdom
C) Japan
D) Mexico
31
Which level of the Federal Judicial system has
original jurisdiction?
A) Federal District Court
B) US Appellate Court
C) US Supreme Court
D) All of the above
32
Which of the following is not a requirement to be
a member of Congress
A) 30 years old
B) State Resident
C) Native-born citizen
D) District Resident
33
In which of the following court cases did the
Supreme Court rule that the death penalty was not
a violation of the 8th Amendment
A) Miranda v Arizona
B) Texas v Johnson
C) Gregg v Georgia
D) Cruzan v Missouri
34
The National Organization of Women is an example
of an
A) Political party
B) Interest Group
C) Convention
D) Plank
35
Which of the following best describes the
purpose of the Judicial Branch
A) Makes Laws
B) Carry out Laws
C) Interpret Laws
D) All of the above
36
What best describes the governments power to tax?
A) Reserved power
B) Enumerated power
C) Concurrent power
D) Implied power
37
Which of the following is not a Reserved Power?
A) power to establish schools
B) power to issue license
C) power to regulate interstate commerce
D) none of the above
38
The Electoral College Compromise dealt with which
of the following
A) representation in Congress
B) Slave trade
C) Counting population
D) Choosing the President
39
What was the cause of Shays Rebellion?
A) High taxes
B) Unequal representation
C) Freedom of Speech
D) Right to bear arms
40
Which of the following is the earliest known
written legal code?
A) Magna Carta
B) Mayflower Compact
C) Hammurabis Code
D) US Constitution
41
Which of the following is a law that punishes a
person without a fair trial?
A) Affirmative action law
B) Due Process law
C) Ex post Facto law
D) Bill of Attainder law
42
People who are eligible to vote are called
A) Caucus
B) Electorate
C) Plurality
D) Coalition
43
If you cast all of your votes for candidates from
the same party, you are
A) voting a split-ticket
B) voting a consensus
C) voting a straight-ticket
D) none of the above
44
Which of the following did the Constitutional
Convention NOT come up with?
A) Bicameral legislature
B) Bill of rights
C) Judicial Branch
D) Executive Branch
45
If you are tried for murder, which of the
following courts would have original
jurisdiction over the trial?
A) NC District Court
B) NC Superior Court
C) NC Court of Appeals
D) none of the above
46
Which of the following compromises dealt with
representation in the national Congress?
A) Electoral College
B) Connecticut
C) Slave trade
D) 3/5
47
Which of the following court cases established
governments practice of separate but equal
A) Plessy v Ferguson
B) Rust v Sullivan
C) Korematsu v. U.S.
D) Marbury v. Madison
48
The Necessary and Proper Clause gives Congress
which of the following powers?
A) Expressed powers
B) Concurrent powers
C) Implied powers
D) Reserved powers
49
Which of the following refers to putting a person
on trial for the same crime twice?
A) Due process of law
B) Eminent Domain
C) Suffrage
D) Double Jeopardy
50
All of the following are duties EXCEPT
A) attending school
B) paying taxes
C) voting in elections
D) serving on a jury
51
When a local party organization becomes very
powerful, it is sometimes referred to as
a_________________ .
A) Political machine
B) Convention
C) Caucus
D) none of the above
52
The first political parties in the United States
formed during the
A) early colonial period
B) debate over the Constitution
C) Revolutionary War
D) Civil War Era
53
Which of the following is used to predict
election outcomes
A) poll watchers
B) delegates
C) recall votes
D) exit polls
54
In a closed primary, which of the following may
vote
A) only party members
B) all registered voters
C) all citizens
D) only delegates
55
Votes cast directly by the people are referred to
as the
A) electoral vote
B) popular vote
C) referendum
D) none of the above
56
A political partys Presidential candidate is
selected by
A) primary election
B) Electoral College
C) National Convention delegates
D) Caucuses
57
Which of the following is a propaganda technique
used in political campaigns and by lobbyists?
A) Endorsements
B) Bandwagon
C) Glittering generality
D) all of the above
58
Which of the following Interest Groups is working
to benefit all or most of society?
A) National Rifleman Association
B) American Association of Retired People
C) Consumer Rights Counsel
D) National Organization of Women
59
Congressional franking privileges are related
to which of the following
A) Postal services
B) Gerrymandering
C) Filibusters
D) Seniority
60
What is the minimum age to be a member of
Congress?
A) 18
B) 21
C) 25
D) 30
61
What is needed to end a Senate filibuster ?
A) a vote of impeachment
B) a vote of censure
C) a vote confidence
D) a vote of cloture
62
Which of the following is not a requirement to be
a member of the House of Representatives
A) college graduate
B) 25 years old
C) naturalized citizen
D) resident of district
63
Which of the following can come up with an idea
for a legislative bill?
A) A member of Congress
B) The President
C) a citizen
D) all of the above
64
The leader of the House of Representatives is
called the
A) president pro tempore
B) majority leader
C) speaker of the house
D) chairman of the chamber
65
When a congressional committee pigeonholes a
bill, it
A) sends it to the floor
B) amends it
C) sets it aside
D) creates it
66
The House of Representative has all of the
following powers, except the power
A) introduce legislative bills
B) approval of presidential appointments
C) introduce appropriations bills
D) vote to declare war
67
Which of the following best describes the
economic concept of Scarcity
A) unlimited resources v. limited wants and needs
B) limited resources v. unlimited wants and needs
C) higher price v. lower quantity
D) lower price v. higher quantity
68
The Basic source of all political power in the
United States is the
A) Constitution of the United States
B) local government town, city or county
C) Congress of the United States
D) people of the states
69
The U.S. government has the power to draft people
into the armed forces. This is an example of
A) delegated power
B) expresses powers
C) inherent powers
D) implied powers
70
When a state confiscates private property for
public purposes, the state is exercising the
right of
A) popular sovereignty
B) eminent domain
C) general welfare
D) police power
71
The principle that the power to govern belongs to
the people and is delegated by them to their
elected officials is
A) popular sovereignty
B) separation of powers
C) federalism
D) national supremacy
72
The first ten amendments to the United States
Constitution are important because they
A) provide for the abolishment of slavery
B) list the powers of Congress
C) guarantee basic individual rights
D) give blacks the right to vote
73
In the United States, a person being arrested
must be informed of all but one of the following
rights
A) right to remain silent
B) right to a trial by jury
C) right to an attorney
D) right to have an attorney provided if on cant
be afforded
74
Excessive bail shall not be required, nor
excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual
punishment is the
A) First Amendment
B) Eight Amendment
C) Fourteenth Amendment
D) Nineteenth Amendment
75
The Gideon vs. Wainwright case established the
A) supremacy of the United States Constitution
B) right of a suspect to have a lawyer present
before being questioned by police
C) right to have a lawyer provided by the court
if the accused cannot afford one.
D) supremacy of judicial review
76
The First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution
includes all but one of the following rights.
Select the one not found
A)right to worship as one pleases
B) right of peaceful assembly
C) right to bear arms
D) right to free speech
77
As a result of the 19th Amendment
A) more working women have high-paying jobs
B) about half of our senators are women
C) women have the right to vote
D) women were granted freedom of speech
78
No state shall deprive any person of life,
liberty, or property, without due process of law,
nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction
the equal protection of the laws is a brief
description of the
A) First Amendment
B) Eight Amendment
C) Fourteenth Amendment
D) Nineteenth Amendment
79
The right of people to be secure in their
persons, houses, papers, and effects, against
unreasonable searches and seizures. is a brief
description of the
A) First Amendment
B) Fourth Amendment
C) Sixth Amendment
D) Eight Amendment
80
The system of checks and balances in the United
States was designed to
A) reduce the power of state government
B) reduce the importance of political parties
C) prevent one branch of government from becoming
too strong
D) equalize the powers of the state and national
government
81
Which of the following best describes a true
Market economy
A) means of production are privately owned
B) government controls the means of production
C) individuals and government own the means of
production
D) means of production are controlled by customs
82
Which of the following courts would most likely
hear a misdemeanor case for the first time?
A) U.S. Supreme Court
B) NC Superior Court
C) NC District Court
D) None of the above
83
Which of the following business organizations is
best described as limited life and unlimited
liability?
A) sole proprietorship
B) partnership
C) corporation
D) both A and B
84
Which of the following would have the lowest
investment in Human Capital?
A) airline pilot
B) teacher
C) nurse
D) secretary
85
Which of the following is not a example of a
capital good?
A) garden hose
B) moving van
C) backhoe
D) hammer
86
A sole proprietor is best described as which of
the following
A) natural resources
B) capital
C) labor
D) entrepreneur
87
The term point of equilibrium is best described
as
A) where price is greater that quantity demanded
B) where price is less than quantity supplied
C) where price and quantity are equal
D) all of the above
88
Which of the following shows ownership in a
corporation?
A) corporate stock
B) corporate bond
C) certificate of deposit
D) none of the above
89
The court case Brown v. Board of Education dealt
with which of the following
A) 1st Amendment
B) 2nd Amendment
C) 5th Amendment
D) 14th Amendment
90
In a weak Mayor form of city government, which
branch of government controls the city
departments?
A) executive
B) legislative
C) judicial
D) none of the above
91
All of the following are true of the office of NC
Governor , except
A) 30 years old
B) 2 years of residency
C) must be native born citizen
D) has veto power
92
As Judicial leader, the President had all of the
following powers, except
A) grant amnesty
B) appoint judges
C) grant reprieves
D) veto verdicts
93
Which of the following is an example of a
consumer good
A) a haircut
B) toilet paper
C) legal advice
D) car wash
94
Which of the following shows the movement of
goods and services through an economy?
A) supply and demand chart
B) Gross Domestic Product
C) Business Cycle
D) Circular Flow Model
95
The court case Miranda v. Arizona dealt with
which of the following
A) freedom of speech
B) right bear arms
C) cruel and unusual punishment
D) rights of the accused
96
In economics a decision to buy a certain product
is called a
A) consumer choices
B) tradeoff
C) opportunity cost
D) all of the above
97
What percentage of Congress does it take to
override a Presidential veto?
A) 1/2
B) 3/4
C) 2/3
D) 3/5
98
The United States economy is best described as
A) traditional
B) command
C) market
D) mixed
99
Which of the following is the key incentive for
starting your own business?
A) ownership
B) profits
C) lower tax rates
D) decision-making
100
Which of the following has the power to declare
laws unconstitutional?
A) executive branch
B) legislative branch
C) judicial branch
D) all of the above
101
Which of the following would reduce the surplus
of a product?
A) lower price and makes less
B) lower price and make more
C) raise price and make less
D) raise price and make more
102
Who follows the Vice president to line of
Presidential succession?
A) Secretary of State
B) President of the Senate
C) Speaker of the House
D) Secretary of Defense
103
What is the role of government in a mixed economy?
A) control prices
B) protect business owners
C) control supply and demand
D) protect consumers and workers
104
A corporation is best described by which of the
following?
A) unlimited liability and unlimited life
B) limited liability and unlimited life
C)limited liability and limited life
D) unlimited liability and limited life
105
In a market economy, price is controlled by which
of the following?
A) the government
B) businesses
C) consumers
D) supply and demand
106
The issue of low income housing would be the
responsibility of which executive department?
A) Veteran Affairs
B) Housing and Urban Development
C) Commerce
D) Energy
107
If the government wanted consumers to spend more
money, which of the following would they NOT do
A) raise interest rates
B) lower interest rates
C) lower taxes
D) buy back government securities
108
A sharp rise in inflation would result in which
of the following
A) increase in building permits
B) increase in consumer spending
C) increase in unemployment
D) all of the above
109
Which of the following refers to dividing a state
into odd-shaped districts?
A) constituents
B) gerrymandering
C) redistricting
D) census
110
Which of the following committees is temporary
and formed to deal with a specific issue?
A) select committee
B) joint committee
C) conference committee
D) standing committee
111
What is the responsibility of a congressional
committee?
A) propose bills
B) research and revise bills
C) pass bills into laws
D) work on interest of the members party
112
The entire House of Representatives is elected
every
A) two years
B) four years
C) five years
D) six years
113
Who has the power to elect the president if no
candidate wins a majority in the presidential
election?
A) the Senate
B) the House of Representatives
C) Both the House and the Senate
D) the Supreme Court
114
If the President wants to reject a bill while
Congress is in session, he or she
A) does nothing
B) uses a pocket veto
C) overrides the bill
D) uses a veto
115
Congress can do all of the following, except
A) tax interstate commerce
B) raise taxes
C) borrow money
D) regulate immigration
116
The large network of government agencies and
employees, is often referred to as a
A) cloture
B) bureaucracy
C) quagmire
D) democracy
117
What is the most important job of the President?
A) deal with foreign countries
B) control the military
C) carry out laws passed by Congress
D) appoint federal judges
118
The State of the Union address is a speech made
to Congress
A) annually
B) when the President takes office
C) when introducing the budget
D) during a national crisis
119
Which of the following prepares the budget for
the President?
A) National Security Council
B) White house office staff
C) Council of Economic Advisers
D) Office of Management and Budget
120
Which of the following grants a corporation the
power to operate?
A) a dividend
B) a charter
C) a stock certificate
D) a stock exchange
121
If market price is below market demand, the
result would be
A) a equilibrium
B) surplus
C) price elastic
D) shortage
122
The executive departments are known as the
Presidents
A) council
B) advisory panel
C) cabinet
D) none of the above
123
Which of the following is a durable good?
A) milk
B) candy bar
C) bread
D) washing machine
124
During a recession the demand of non-durable
goods will most likely
A) decrease
B) increase slightly
C) increase greatly
D) show no significant change
125
If a product is considered price elastic, which
of the following is true of an increase in price
A) demand will stay the same
B) demand will increase
C) demand will decrease
D) all of the above
126
The value of your second choice is called a
A) tradeoff
B) opportunity cost
C) dividend
D) consumer decision
127
County governments get the most revenues from
A) property tax
B) income tax
C) sales tax
D) fees and fines
128
If the government raises taxes which of the
following would most likely happen
A) unemployment would decrease
B) number of building permits would increase
C) milk production would go down
D) automobile sales would decline
129
Technological advances cause which of the
following
A) lower prices
B) better quality
C) higher profits
D) all of the above
130
Which part of the business cycle would show a
high level of unemployment and a sharp decrease
in building permits?
A) expansion
B) contraction
C) peak
D) trough
131
A large increase in gasoline prices would cause
all of the following, except
A) decrease in automobile sales
B) increase in public transit use
C) decline in family vacations
D) a decrease in government spending
132
The Attorney general is the head of which
department
A) Justice
B) Interior
C) Commerce
D) Agriculture
133
The United States Postal Service is an example of
a
A) executive agency
B) regulatory commission
C) government corporation
D) executive department
134
The practice of giving jobs as a reward for party
loyalty is called a
A) merit system
B) spoils system
C) federal system
D) economic system
135
Decisions made by regulatory commissions
A) must be approved by Congress
B) must be approved by the President
C) have the force of law
D) are obeyed voluntarily
136
The person accused of a crime is called a
A) plaintiff
B) defendant
C) criminal
D) convict
137
At the county level of government who is
responsible for carrying out the laws passed by
the Commission?
A) Mayor
B) Town Council
C) Governor
D) County Commission
138
If the Supreme Court finds a law in conflict with
the Constitution, it
A) remands the case to a lower court
B) changes the law
C) asks Congress to change the law
D) declares the law unconstitutional
139
Lawsuits in which there is no existing law to
decide the matter are called
A) suits of equity
B) negligence suits
C) small-claims
D) injunctions
140
International trade problems are peculiarly
deceptive because they require us to
A) develop an appreciation of foreign products
B) understand how two currencies can function as
a medium of exchange
C) understand how other free market systems
differ from our own
D) carry out or trade negotiations in two
languages
141
More education and training of the work force
generally leads to
A) less productivity of the work force
B) less unemployment for skilled workers
C) greater productivity of the work force
D) more unemployment for skilled workers
142
Human wants are greater than the resources that
are available to satisfy them. This implies the
need for
A) leaving decisions to fate
B) working harder
C) making choices to allocate resources
D) asking for less
143
Which economic problem must ALL societies solve?
A) guaranteeing everyone an annual wage
B) securing right-to-work laws
C) satisfying unlimited wants with limited
resources
D) speeding up the rate of industrialization
144
What effect does scarce resources have?
A) Everybody has all he wants
B) People have to make choices
C) Stores have to sell more things
D) People have to make more natural resources
145
Which of the following is TRUE about individual
consumption of world resources?
A) It adds up over time
B) It can be controlled by corporations with
influences
C) It is determined by government policy
D) It does not matter significantly
146
The principle of specialization means that
A) employees are assigned to a specific task to
increase efficiency
B) production per worker is low but costs of
production are no greater
C) incomes are related to the marginal product of
the worker
D) machines are substituted for human capital
147
Which was the most direct result of the use of
interchangeable parts in industry?
A) an increase in the amount of goods produced
B) massive unemployment among unskilled workers
C) a decrease in the number of profitable large
businesses
D) an increase in the number of hours needed to
make a product
148
If wages rise rapidly, the most logical reaction
by a business would be to
A) lay off 1/2 of the workers
B) try to buy lower quality raw materials
C) investigate increased efficiency through the
use of more capital equipment
D) hire additional workers
149

Laissez-faire
A) limits the role of government
B) is a dominant European economic theory
C) is a policy of non-interference
D) is all of the above
E) is only A and C above
150
Suffrage is
A) a condition of slavery
B) a search order
C) fair action by the government
D) the right to vote
151
A person guilty of slander has gone beyond the
legal limits of his/her
A) right of assembly
B) right of free press
C) right of free speech
D) right of worship
152
In the court case United States v Nixon, the
Supreme Court ruled on which of the following
A) the use of War Powers Act
B) the use of Presidential Impeachment
C) the use of Executive Privilege
D) the use of a Presidential pardon
153
This early American political party opposed a
strong national government
A) Jeffersonian Republicans
B) Federalists
C) Anti-Federalist
D) American Independent
154
A series of taxes on newspapers, books, and
documents that Americans were forced to pay to
the British before the Revolutionary War was
called
A) excise
B) tyranny
C) empire taxes
D) stamp taxes
155
In 1776 what did Americans accuse the British
Government of doing?
A) taxing them without their consent
B) quartering troops in their houses
C) failing to give prisoners a fair trial
D) all of the above
156
Under the Articles of Confederation, Congress
A) had all powers necessary to conduct the
government
B) did not have power to enforce the laws it made
C) restricted the powers of the states
157
Flexibility is provided in the U.S. Constitution
mainly by the
A) Preamble and the Bill of Rights
B) amending and the elastic clause
C) provisions for separation
D) system of checks and balances
158
A change in the U.S. Constitution is called
A) a tariff
B) a veto
C) an amendment
D) a filibuster
159
The practice of providing jobs as a reward to
members of the political party in power is called
A) subsidy
B) public assistance
C) seniority
D) patronage
160
Which of the following court cases banned
government sponsored prayer in schools
A) Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas
B) Rust v. Sullivan
C) Gideon v. Wainwright
D) Engel v. Vitale
161
Presidential Cabinet choices must be approved by
the
A) Senate
B) House
C) full Congress
D) State Governors
162
The federal government may do all of these EXCEPT
A) print and coin money
B) regulate interstate trade
C) combine state education districts
D) conduct foreign relations
163
More than half of a group is a
A) majority
B) minority
C) maximum
D) minimum
164
The most common reason for non-voting in American
elections is
A) illness on election day
B) complicated voting procedures
C) indifference/apathy
D) physical and mental disabilities
165
Membership in either of the major political
parties is
A) a voluntary matter
B) required of all adults by law
C) regulated by state law
D) quite expensive because of the annual payment
166
Practically all members of our major parties
A) agree on such basic principles as popular
sovereignty, limited government, and federalism
B) agree on most major issues such as taxation
and the farm problem
C) hold political office
D) support the policies of the administration in
power
167
Initiative is
A) the right of voters to propose laws
B) a governors power to reject an entire bill
C) a states right to approve part of a bill and
reject the rest
D) the right of a voter to approve or reject
bills passed by legislation
168
Referendum is
A) the right of voters to propose laws
B) a governors power to reject and entire bill
C) a states right to approve part of a bill and
reject the rest
D) the right of a voter to approve or reject
bills passed by legislation
169
The Federal Trade Commission was established to
A) Protect the citizens of the U.S. from foreign
competition in business
B) Protect the citizens of the U.S. from unfair
advertising by businesses
C) Protect American business from unfair
competition from foreign countries
D) Protect foreign companies doing business in
the U.S.
170
Primaries are elections in which
A) Voters who are registered in a given party are
given a chance to express their choice for the
party nomination
B) beginning voters get a chance to practice
operating the voting machine
C) only party workers are permitted to express
their preference among party hopefuls
D) the party bosses meet in a caucus room to
determine who will get the nomination
171
In order to vote wisely a citizen must
A) understand the problems of government
B) know the policies of candidates
C) study the issues
D) all of the above
172
Gun control legislation is strongly and actively
opposed by the
A) IRS
B) AMA
C) NRA
D) FBI
173
An individual that is paid to try to influence
legislators to vote for or against certain
legislation is a
A) member of a pressure group
B) legislative secretary
C) lobbyist
D) politician
174
A pocket veto refers to
A) Congresss power to override a Presidential
veto
B) the ability of the Supreme Court to decide
whether an act of legislation is unconstitutional
C) the ability of the bureaucracy to daily
implementing orders
D) the Presidents refusal to sign a bill when
Congress adjourns within ten days after its
passage
175
In the U.S., which institution act as a court in
presidential impeachment proceedings
A) the Supreme Court
B) the House of Representatives
C) the Senate
D) both the House of Representatives and the
Senate
176
In which action is the President acting as Party
Leader?
A) He meets a delegation of union workers
B) He sends a message to Congress asking support
for a bill
C) He endorses congressional candidates running
for election
D) He appoints a Supreme Court Justice who shares
his philosophy
177
James Jones was born in Germany while his father
was in the U.S. Army. He is 18 and has lived in
Watauga County for 2 months. On election day Mr.
Jones goes to the polls to vote but is not
allowed to do so. Which of the following has he
not met?
A) citizenship
B) age
C) registration
D) residency
178
The President of the United States must be at
least______ years of age, according to the
Constitution.
A) 25
B) 30
C) 35
D) 40
179
KBTU radio and KRTH television stations must get
licenses to operate from this group
A) Federal Communications Commission
B) Federal Reserve Bank
C) Federal Trade Commission
D) Interstate Commerce Commission
180
If our country were placed in a position of
having to declare war on another nation, which of
the following would be responsible for declaring
war?
A) President
B) Congress
C) Supreme Court
D) President but with approval from the Senate
181
In the U.S., treaties must be ratified by the
A) President
B) House of Representatives
C) Senate
D) Supreme Court
182
When the Vice-President of the U.S. is absent,
the ________ presides over the Senate
A) Majority Leader
B) Speaker of the House
C) President pro tempore
183
A qualification of becoming a U.S. representative
is
A) being a U.S. citizen for twelve years
B) being twenty-five years of age or older
C) being a natural-born citizen
D) none of the above
184
A filibuster is a speech in the Senate for the
purpose of
A) officially reviewing the bill just prior to a
vote
B) explaining a bills details to all members
C) criticizing a committees report on a bill
D) delaying or preventing the vote on a bill
185
The Speaker of the House of Representatives is
chosen by
A) both houses of Congress and the President
B) the previous Speaker
C) the members of the House of Representatives
D) national election
186
Which of the following would be considered a
criminal case?
A) arson
B) personal injury
C) slander
D) contract dispute
187
Which of the following situations would be MOST
LIKELY be tried under civil law in the U.S.
A) murder
B) armed robbery
C) kidnapping
D) fighting
188
A congressional conference committee is needed
when
A) the President does not agree with the House or
Senate on a Bill
B) the House and Senate pass bills that are
similar but not identical
C) too much time has been spent considering a
bill
D) outside help is needed to understand a bill
189
If a person wished to buy a restaurant license or
any other license to operate a business, it would
be issued by this city official
A) City clerk
B) Mayor
C) District Attorney
D) City Council Member
190
If newspapers report that a person has been
indicted in connection with missing company
funds, this means
A) has stolen the company funds
B) will be found guilty of stealing the company
funds
C) will be tried on a charge of stealing the
company funds
D) outside help is needed to understand a bill
191
Under U.S. law , the rules of evidence are
designed to
A) apply only in cases of serious crimes
B) ensure a decision based upon facts
C) allow hearsay only if it is relevant
D) requires courts to accept al evidence
192
The unwritten law which evolved from customs,
traditions, and decisions of judges is called
A) warranty law
B) peoples law
C) common law
D) civil law
193
Money or security posted to guarantee the
appearance of an accused person for trial is
called
A) grand jury
B) warrant
C) common law
D) bail
194
The lawyer employed by government to present the
governments case is called
A) the government lawyer
B) the defense attorney
C) the district attorney
D) the peoples representative
195
Due process of law in a criminal procedure
includes
A) allowing a person who is testifying to say who
he/she thinks committed the crime
B) giving an accused person a chance to prove
himself/herself innocent
C) reading to the accused his/her rights and
giving him/her a hearing and a speedy trial with
right to counsel
D) doing away with the right to trial because the
accused confessed
196
Which of the following theories of punishment is
designed to help the criminal become an
independent, productive citizen
A) Individual Deterrence
B) Revenge
C) General Deterrence
D) Rehabilitation
197
The lawyer for the defendant in a criminal case
is called
A) the defense attorney
B) the defender
C) the district attorney
D) the peoples representatives
198
Which of the following situations describes
extradition
A) a governor can bring to an end a session of
the state legislature
B) a governor can ask that a prisoner held in
another state be returned to the state a for
prosecution and trial
C) a governor can give a convicted felon his/her
freedom and free him/her from guilt of a crime
D) a governor can refuse to sign a bill into law
199
The concept of innocent until proven guilty
means that
A) the accused must prove innocence
B) the trial must be held quickly
C) the burden of proof is on the prosecutor
D) all of the above
200
A writ of habeas corpus is
A) safeguards the jailer from any penalty when he
receives a prisoner
B) orders a jailer to bring a person to proper
trial
C) does not guarantee that a prisoner will be
charged with a crime
D) is a procedure in which a prisoner does not
need a trial
201
Capital goods refer to
A) corporate securities
B) money in savings accounts
C) goods used to produce other goods
D) all money in the economy
202
Wasteland is a country in which there is very
little government ownership of farms and
businesses. People may start their own businesses
and the government doesnt interfere with wages
or prices. Wasteland is
A) cooperative
B) socialistic
C) capitalistic
D) communistic
203
Which of the following is a function of the
marketplace?
A) to make sure that buyers pay the lowest
possible prices
B) to make things look attractive
C) to have honest advertising
D) to bring buyers and sellers together
204
If two goods are substituted for each other, then
consumers usually decide to purchase one or the
other on the basis of
A) the prices of the two goods
B) where the two goods have been produced
C) their desire to have variety in what they
consume
D) their desire to keep the producers of both
good in business
205
Competition among businesses should result in
which of the following
A) higher cost of materials
B) higher prices for products
C) reduction in consumer demand
D) more efficient production
206
If there is an decrease in the supply of coffee,
consumers will most likely
A) buy less tea because of a decrease in the
price of coffee
B) buy more tea because of a decrease in the
price of coffee
C) buy less tea because of an increase in the
price of coffee
D) buy more tea because of an increase in the
price of butter
207
Double Taxation refers to the fact that
A) the tax rate on corporate income is about
twice as high as that on personal income
B) corporate earnings are taxed under the
corporate income tax and, in addition, that part
of corporate income paid out as dividends are
taxed as personal income
C) both distributed and undistributed corporate
profits are taxed as personal income
D) both employers and employees pay taxes to
finance unemployment compensation payments
208
A single firm operates three plants which consist
of a cattle ranch, a slaughter house, and beef
distributor. This an example of a
A) horizontal combination
B) vertical combination
C) partnership
D) corporation
209
The term monopoly describes a situation in
which the market price of goods and services is
established by which of the following
A) many sellers
B) a single buyer
C) many buyers and sellers
D) a single seller or a small group of sellers
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