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Precision Equine Grazing Management

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Precision Equine Grazing Management By: Tamara Knaust Goal Improve Forage Quality Decrease hay & supplementation Weed Control Irrigation Management Parasitic Pest ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Precision Equine Grazing Management


1
Precision Equine Grazing Management
  • By
  • Tamara Knaust

2
Goal
  • Improve Forage Quality
  • Decrease hay
  • supplementation
  • Weed Control
  • Irrigation
  • Management
  • Parasitic Pest Control
  • Forage Production
    Base

3
Oklahoma Pastureland
  • Oklahoma 7th in the Nation
  • 586 million acres in U.S.
  • Approximately 28 million acres in OK

4
Forage Production
  • Best prevention is a high quality forage base

5
Disease Weed Control
  • GPS for disease prone areas and treatments
  • Weed control
  • Certified Seed

6
Fertilization
  • Bermuda grass
  • Most common pasture grass
  • Approximately 4 million acres
  • Use of Nitrogen Rich Strips/Ramp
  • Greenseeker
  • Grid Soil
    Sampling
  • On the Go
  • Applicaton

7
Irrigation
  • Variable Rate Irrigation
  • Pasture Mapping
  • Soil Maps

8
Management
  • Overstocking
  • Determine Stocking rate for quantity/quality of
    forage available
  • Use NDVI to determine areas producing high/low
    quality forage
  • Use of GPS to establish rotating pasture areas to
    increase
  • Reduce time on commonly grazed areas
  • Increase time on poorly grazed areas

9
Parasite Control
  • 178 million annually on parasite control
  • Problems even with good programs
  • Drug resistance
  • Environmental Concerns
  • Surface/ground water
  • Prevent ingestion

10
Parasites
  • Parasites congregate in specific areas
  • Low lying areas, and areas most commonly grazed
  • Nutrients, Parasites and Rainfall

11
Parasite Control
  • Utilize GPS and GIS to locate low and over grazed
    areas

12
Parasite Treatment
  • Apply pesticide and herbicide treatments only to
    high risk areas

13
Results
  • Better for Environment
  • Reduce pesticide application into animals
  • Reduced money spent on treating entire field
  • Increased Forage quantity/quality

14
References
  • http//www.statemaster.com/graph/geo_lan_acr_tot_p
    as_or_ran_lan-land-acreage-total-pasture-range
  • http//njaes.rutgers.edu/horsepastures/weed_contro
    l.htm
  • http//www.crssa.rutgers.edu/projects/gps/web_page
    /crap/crap.html
  • http//www.crssa.rutgers.edu/projects/gps/web_page
    /web_page.html
  • http//www.noble.org/Ag/Forage/HorseForage/index.h
    tmlMystery
  • http//forage.okstate.edu/role-of-forages.htm
  • http//www.noble.org/Ag/Soils/N-RichStrips/PrintLa
    yout_1_85485_85485.html
  • http//www.ext.colostate.edu/pubs/livestk/01627.ht
    ml
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