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Biotechnology

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Biotechnology Ethical vs. Empirical Empirical vs. Ethical Empirical statements of fact Statements about risks and benefits are empirical claims. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Biotechnology


1
Biotechnology
2
Definition
  • Techniques used to modify deoxyribonucleic acid
    (DNA) or the genetic material of a microorganism,
    plant, or animal to achieve a desired trait.

3
Biotech-produced foods
  • Also known as
  • Genetically engineered
  • Bioengineered
  • Genetically modified, although "genetically
    modified" can also refer to foods from plants
    altered through methods such as conventional
    breeding

4
General Uses
  • New products that are higher quality, safer,
    and/or more nutritious.
  • Lower production and processing costs.
  • Improve microbial processes upon which processors
    rely.
  • Fermentation
  • Enzymes

D 8.01 -- Uses of Biotechnology
5
Two Uses Quality and Safety
  • Quality
  • Food additives natural flavors and colors
  • Processing aids enzymes, emulsifiers, and
    starter cultures
  • Environment more waste treatment options,
    greener manufacturing options, biodegradable
    plastic wrap that kills bacteria.
  • Food safety
  • rapid detection tools to detect microorganisms
    and the toxins they produce.

D 8.01 -- Uses of Biotechnology
6
Ethical vs. Empirical
7
Empirical vs. Ethical
  • Empirical statements of fact
  • Statements about risks and benefits are empirical
    claims.
  • Statements about what something is made of or how
    something functions are empirical claims.
  • Ethical values
  • It is good to care for the environment and
    promote human health.
  • Ethical claims set forth what is good to do and
    what is bad to do in general.

8
What are ethics?
  • Ethics is critical thinking about right and wrong
    action.
  • Ethics involve the study of values, not just
    reliance on intuition or what our friends think.
  • The ethical conclusion is the specific course of
    action that one should follow, if the empirical
    claims (facts) and ethical claims (values and
    beliefs) are accepted as true.

9
Ethical Concerns of Biotechnology
  • Environmental impact
  • Health and allergens
  • Allergens
  • Labeling
  • Unknown effects
  • Gene source and religion

10
Labeling Laws for Biotech Foods
  • Designed to help consumers make informed buying
    decisions.
  • The European Union and Japan require some foods
    derived from biotechnology be labeled.
  • The U.S. does NOT require labeling.

11
Why U.S. opposed to labeling?
  • Labeling required in the U.S. for health reasons.
  • Safety should be addressed through non-regulatory
    means -- outreach or education programs.
  • Labeling of biotech foods might send a negative
    signal to consumers about the safety of these
    products which the FDA has deemed to be safe.

12
Suggestions for Labeling
  • The U.S. has supported the idea of voluntary
    labeling.
  • Allow the market to address consumer choice
    rather than the government regulating choice.
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