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Geography and Early China

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Title: Geography and Early China


1
Geography and Early China
  • EQ How did geography determine where the first
    people of China settled?

2
Chinas Physical Geography
  • Geography played a major role in the development
    of Chinese civilization.
  • Many geographical features.
  • Some features separated groups of people within
    China.
  • Others separated China from the rest of the world.

EQ How did geography determine where the first
people of China settled?
3
Geography of China
  • China covers an area of nearly 4 million square
    miles, about the same size as the United States.
  • Physical barriers that separates China from its
    neighbors is a harsh desert, the Gobi.
  • East of the Gobi are low-lying plains.
  • cover most of eastern China
  • form one of the worlds largest farming regions.
  • The Pacific Ocean forms the countrys eastern
    boundary.

EQ How did geography determine where the first
people of China settled?
4
Geography of China
  • Southwest - the Plateau of Tibet
  • - has several mountain peaks that reach more
    than 26,000 feet.
  • From the plateau, smaller mountain ranges spread
    eastward.
  • The most important of these ranges is the Qinling
    Shandi it separates northern China from southern
    China.

EQ How did geography determine where the first
people of China settled?
5
EQ How did geography determine where the first
people of China settled?
6
Northeast China
  • Climate is cold and dry.
  • Winter temperatures drop well below 0F.
  • Rivers are frozen for more than half of the year.

EQ How did geography determine where the first
people of China settled?
7
Northwest China
  • the deserts are very dry.
  • on the eastern plains of China, heavy rains

EQ How did geography determine where the first
people of China settled?
8
Eastern Plains
  • Heavy rains fall.
  • The tropical southeast is the wettest
  • region.
  • Monsoons can bring 250 inches of rain each year.
    Thats enough water to cover a two-story house!

EQ How did geography determine where the first
people of China settled?
9
Rivers of China
  • Two great rivers flow from west to east in China.
  • The Huang He, or Yellow River,
  • stretches for nearly 3,000 miles across northern
    China.
  • The river often floods and leaves behind layers
    of silt on the surrounding countryside.
  • Sometimes called Chinas Sorrow because these
    floods can be very destructive
  • Over the years, millions of people have died in
    Huang He floods.

EQ How did geography determine where the first
people of China settled?
10
Rivers of China
  • the Chang Jiang, or Yangzi River,
  • cuts through central China.
  • Flows from the mountains of Tibet to the Pacific
    Ocean.
  • The Chang Jiang is the longest river in Asia.

EQ How did geography determine where the first
people of China settled?
11
  • In early China, the two rivers helped link people
    in the eastern part of the country with those in
    the west.
  • At the same time, the mountains between the
    rivers limited contact.

EQ How did geography determine where the first
people of China settled?
12
Class Work and Homework
  • Fill In
  • What did I learn
  • Confused
  • Say
  • Map activity Using a map of China in the green
    geography book (pp. 626-627) or the red geography
    book (pp. A 20-A23), label the features discussed
    in these notes.
  • Answer the questions on the back of your map.

EQ How did geography determine where the first
people of China settled?
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