UNFCCC GUIDELINES IN REPORTING VULNERABILITY AND ADAPTATION BY NON-ANNEX I PARTIES TO IMPLEMENT THE CONVENTION CGE Hands-on Training Workshop on Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessments for the Latin America and the Caribbean Region 14-18 August - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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UNFCCC GUIDELINES IN REPORTING VULNERABILITY AND ADAPTATION BY NON-ANNEX I PARTIES TO IMPLEMENT THE CONVENTION CGE Hands-on Training Workshop on Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessments for the Latin America and the Caribbean Region 14-18 August

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Title: UNFCCC GUIDELINES IN REPORTING VULNERABILITY AND ADAPTATION BY NON-ANNEX I PARTIES TO IMPLEMENT THE CONVENTION CGE Hands-on Training Workshop on Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessments for the Latin America and the Caribbean Region 14-18 August


1
UNFCCC GUIDELINES IN REPORTING VULNERABILITY AND
ADAPTATION BY NON-ANNEX I PARTIES TO IMPLEMENT
THE CONVENTION CGE Hands-on Training Workshop
on Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessments for
the Latin America and the Caribbean Region
14-18 August 2006 Asuncion, Paraguay
  • Arthur W. Rolle
  • Member of the CGE
  • rollearthur_at_gmail.com

2
Outline
  • General Information
  • Definitions under Convention and IPCC
  • Reporting Obligations
  • Methodological Approaches
  • V A reporting, tools
  • Examples from Bangladesh study
  • Cooperation
  • Tasks of V A Group

3
A. General
Each non-Annex I Party shall, in accordance with
Article 12, paragraph 1 (b), communicate to the
COP a general description of steps taken or
envisaged by the Party to implement the
Convention, taking into account its common but
differentiated responsibilities and its specific
national and regional development priorities,
objectives and circumstances.
Non-Annex I Parties may provide information on
programmes containing measures to mitigate
climate change by addressing anthropogenic
emission by sources and removals by sinks of all
greenhouse gases not controlled by the Montreal
Protocol, and measures to facilitate adequate
adaptation to climate change, following the
provisions in these guidelines.
Taking into account Article 4, paragraph 7, and,
as appropriate, Article 4, paragraphs 3 and 5, of
the Convention, the extent to which developing
country Parties will effectively implement their
commitment to communicate this information will
depend on the effective implementation by the
developed country Parties of their commitments
under the Convention relating to financial
resources and transfer of technology.
4
B. Programmes containing measures to facilitate
adequate adaptation to climate change
  • Principles (Article 3, paragraph 2) of the
    Convention
  • The specific needs and special circumstances of
    developing country Parties, especially those that
    are particularly vulnerable to the adverse
    effects of climate change , and of those Parties,
    especially developing country Parties, that would
    have to bear a disproportionate or abnormal
    burden under the Convention, should be given full
    consideration.
  •  
  • Commitments (Article 4, paragraph 1(f)) under
    the Convention
  • Take climate change considerations into account,
    to the extent feasible, in their relevant
    social, economic and environmental policies and
    actions, and employ appropriate methods, for
    example impact assessments, formulated and
    determined nationally, with a view to minimizing
    adverse effects on the economy, on public health
    and on the quality of the environment, of
    projects and measures undertaken by them to
    mitigate or adapt to climate change

5
Definitions under the Convention
  • Climate change change change of climate which
    is attributed directly or indirectly to human
    activity that alters the composition of the
    global atmosphere and which is in addition to
    natural climate variability observed over
    comparable time periods
  • Adverse effects changes in the physical
    environment or biota resulting from climate
    change which have significant deleterious effects
    on the composition, resilience or productivity of
    natural and managed ecosystems or on the
    operation of socio-economic systems or on human
    health and welfare

6
Definitions under the IPCC
  • Vulnerability - degree to which a system is
    susceptible to, or unable to cope with, adverse
    effects of climate change, including climatic
    variability and extremes. Vulnerability is a
    function of the character, magnitude, and rate of
    climate variation to which a system is exposed,
    its sensitivity, and its adaptive capacity
  • Adaptation - adjustment in natural or human
    systems in response to actual or expected
    climatic stimuli or their effects, which
    moderates harm or exploits beneficial
    opportunities
  • Sensitivity - degree to which a system is
    affected (adversely or beneficially) by
    climate-related stimuli, e.g. rainfall and
    temperature.
  • Adaptive capacity - ability of a system to adjust
    to climate change including climate variability
    and extremes to moderate potential damages, to
    take advantage of opportunities, or to cope with
    the consequences

7
Reporting obligations under the Convention
  • Non-Annex I Parties shall, in accordance with
    Article 12, paragraph 1(b) and (c), of the
    Convention, provide to the COP information on the
    general steps taken or envisaged towards
    formulating, implementing, publishing and
    regularly updating national and, where
    appropriate, regional programmes containing
    measures to facilitate adequate adaptation to
    climate change, and any other information they
    consider relevant to the achievement of the
    objective of the Convention and suitable for
    inclusion in their communications.
  • Such programs would, inter alia, concern the
    energy, transport and industry sectors as well as
    agriculture, forestry and waste management.
    Furthermore, adaptation technologies and methods
    for improving spatial planning would improve
    adaptation to climate change

8
Reporting obligations under the Convention
  • Non-Annex I Parties should provide
    information on their vulnerability to the adverse
    effects of climate change, and on adaptation
    measures being undertaken to meet their specific
    needs and concerns arising from these adverse
    effects.
  • Adverse effects of climate change will be felt on
    coastal systems agriculture and food security
    water resources human health ecosystems
    biodiversity tourism human settlement, industry
    and transportation, etc

9
Reporting obligations under the Marrakech Accords
  • Decision 2/CP.7 Capacity building in developing
    countries (non-Annex I Parties)
  •  
  • The COP invites Parties to provide information
    through national communications and other reports
    to enable the SBI to monitor progress in the
    implementation of the framework for capacity
    building in developing countries.
  • The initial scope of needs and areas for
    capacity building includes information on
    vulnerability and adaptation assessments and
    capacity building for implementation of
    adaptation measures.

10
Reporting obligations under the Marrakesh Accords
  • Decision 4/CP.7 Development and transfer of
    technologies (decisions 4/CP.4 and 9/CP.5).
  •  
  • Framework for meaningful and effective actions to
    enhance the implementation of Article 4,
    paragraph 5, of the Convention technology needs
    and needs assessments, technology information,
    enabling environments, capacity building and
    mechanisms for technology transfer.
  • Implementation of technology needs and needs
    assessments includes encouraging Parties to make
    available information on the results of their
    needs assessments in their national
    communications and other related reports and
    channels identification of adaptation
    technology priorities.

11
Reporting obligations under the Marrakesh Accords
  • Decision 5/CP.7 Implementation of Article 4,
    paragraphs 8 and 9, of the Convention (decision
    3/CP.3 and Article 2, paragraph 3, and Article 3,
    paragraph 14, of the KP).
  •  
  • Part I Adverse effects of climate change
    Paragraph 1 The COP insists that action related
    to adaptation follow an assessment and evaluation
    process, based on national communications and/or
    other relevant information, so as to prevent
    maladaptation and to ensure that adaptation
    actions are environmentally sound and will
    produce real benefits in support of sustainable
    development.
  • Paragraph 3 COP encourages non-Annex I Parties
    to provide information, including in their
    national communications, and/or any other
    relevant information sources, on their specific
    needs and concerns arising from the adverse
    effects of climate change.

12
Reporting
  • Non-Annex I Parties are encouraged to
  • provide information on the scope of their
    vulnerability and adaptation assessment,
    including identification of vulnerable areas that
    are most critical
  • include a description of approaches,
    methodologies and tools used, including scenarios
    for the assessment of impacts of, and
    vulnerability and adaptation climate change, as
    well as any uncertainties inherent in these
    methodologies
  • provide information on their vulnerability to the
    impacts of, and their adaptation to, climate
    change in key vulnerable areas. Information
    should include key findings, and direct and
    indirect effects arising from climate change,
    allowing for an integrated analysis of the
    countrys vulnerability to climate change
  • provide information on and, to the extent
    possible, evaluation of, strategies and measures
    for adapting to climate change, in key areas
    including those which are of the highest priority

13
Reporting (2)
  • Where relevant, Parties may report on the use of
    policy frameworks, such as national adaptation
    programmes, plans and policies for developing and
    implementing adaptation strategies and measures.
  • National adaptation programmes of action (NAPA)
    could be used in this analysis for least
    developed countries and other frameworks, e.g.
    adaptation policy framework, mainstreaming
    adaptation into development planning, etc. 

14
Summary of Guidelines
  • Old guidelines (decision 10/CP.2) New
    guidelines (decision 17/CP.8)
  • Objectives
  • National circumstances
    National circumstances
  • Inventory of emissions/removals
    National GHG inventory
  • General description of steps General
    description of steps
  • programmes containing measures
    to facilitate adequate adaptation
  • programmes containing
    measures to mitigate climate change
  • Other information Other information
  • transfer of technologies 4/CP.7)
  • research and systematic
    observation (5/CP.5)
  • education, training and public
    awareness (Article 6)
  • capacity-building (2/CP.7)
  • information and networking
  • Financial and technological Constraints and
    gaps
  • needs and constraints

15
Methodological approaches
  • Non-annex I Parties may use appropriate
    methodologies and guidelines they consider better
    able to reflect their national situation for
    assessing their vulnerability and adaptation to
    climate change, provided that these methodologies
    and guidelines are consistent, transparent and
    well documented.
  • Non-Annex I Parties are encouraged to use, for
    the evaluation of adaptation strategies and
    measures, appropriate methodologies they consider
    better able to reflect their national situation,
    provided that these methodologies are consistent,
    transparent and well documented.
  • IPCC Technical Guidelines for Assessing Climate
    Change Impacts and Adaptations (1994), UNEP
    handbook on Methods for Climate Change Impact
    Assessment and Adaptation Strategies (1998), and
    International Handbook on Vulnerability and
    Adaptation Assessments (1996).
  • Compendium of Decision Tools to Evaluate
    Strategies for Adaptation to Climate Change
    (1999)

16
An example of how to address methodological Issues
  • Choosing climate change and sea level rise
    scenarios
  • Modelling impacts of chosen climate change
    scenarios on droughts, floods, cyclones, etc
  • Identifying possible adaptations
  • Prioritising adaptation actions

17
Climate Scenarios
Year Sea Level Rise (cm) Temperature Increase (ºC) Precipitation Fluctuation Compared to 1990 ()
2030 30
2050 50
18
V A Reporting
  • Includes three elements
  • Assessments
  • Action
  • Cooperation

19
Factors that increase vulnerability to climate
change
geography Where most elevation under 10 m
climate Subject to severe natural disasters
population Growth significant
economy GDP low
Literacy Low literacy rate
Human Health Life expectancy
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