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Chapter 35 Lesson 1 Providing first Aid

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Providing first Aid ... auto accidents and from animal bites Body part should be ... with the victim in case it can be reattached First Aid for ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chapter 35 Lesson 1 Providing first Aid


1
Chapter 35 Lesson 1 Providing first Aid
  • First Aid The immediate, temporary care given
    to a person who has become sick or who has been
    injured
  • First aid is administered in the second and
    minutes following and accident or a persons
    becoming sick
  • Administering first aid until the proper
    authority arrives on the scene can mean the
    difference of life and death

2
Priorities in an Emergency
  • The first five minutes of an emergency situation
    are the most critical
  • It is important to remain calm and to keep these
    six priorities and keep 6 priorities in mind

3
6 Priorities in an Emergency
  • 1. Check the immediate surroundings for possible
    dangers
  • Move the victim only if their life is threatened
  • 2. Check to see if the victim is conscious
  • If not call for ambulance at once

4
6 Priorities in an Emergency
  • 3. Check breathing be sure victim has an open
    airway.
  • If not attempt to clear airway
  • Then administer rescue breathing if necessary

5
6 Priorities in an Emergency
  • 4. Control severe bleeding
  • If blood is bright red and spurting, an artery
    has been damaged
  • Apply direct pressure to the wound
  • Use gloves or protective barrier to avoid spread
    of infectious diseases

6
6 Priorities in an Emergency
  • 5. Check victim for poisoning
  • Any substance solid, liquid or gas that causes
    injury, illness or death
  • 6. Send for medical help
  • Call 911 or send someone to call 911

7
Secondary Emergency Measures
  • Once you have taken steps to ensure the victims
    safety and have administered life support
    procedures, you should attend to the following
    secondary measures

8
Secondary Emergency Measures
  • Learn as much as you can about what happened, and
    devise a plan of action
  • Look after the victims continued safety and
    comfort
  • Keep the victim still and in the position most
    suited to his or her injury or condition

9
Secondary Emergency Measures
  • Make sure victim maintains normal body
    temperature
  • Provide blankets or coat for warmth, or provide
    shade for cooling protection from the sun
  • Loosen tight or binding clothing.
  • Take care not to jar the victims neck or spine

10
Types of Emergencies
  • There are many types of emergencies
  • Some are minor while others are can be life
    threatening

11
Open wounds
  • Abrasions scrapes, damages the outer layers of
    skin
  • Accompanied by little or no bleeding, but may
    become easily infected

12
Open wounds
  • Laceration cut is generally caused by a sharp
    object such as a knife or broken glass, or a hard
    blow from a blunt object
  • May have jagged or smooth edges
  • Usually accompanied by bleeding
  • Deep cuts can result in heavy bleeding and damage
    to nerves, blood vessels and soft tissue

13
Open wounds
  • Puncture wound caused by a pin, splinter or
    other pointed object piercing the skin
  • Although external bleeding is usually limited,
    puncture wounds carry the potential for internal
    bleeding and damage to internal organs
  • Risk of infection becomes greater when the object
    remains in skin

14
Open wounds
  • Avulsion When tissue is separated partly or
    completely from a persons body
  • Often occur in auto accidents and from animal
    bites
  • Body part should be sent to the hospital with the
    victim in case it can be reattached

15
First Aid for Open Wounds
  • 1.Stop the bleeding direct pressure using heel
    of hand either directly on wound or a pressure
    point along the artery supplying the blood
  • 2. Protect the wound Clean cloth over an open
    wound will help protect it from infection

16
Open wounds
  • 3. Treat for shock can result from severe
    bleeding, heart attack or electrocution,
    poisoning, or sudden change in temperature
  • Symptoms of shock confusion, slower or faster
    pulse, trembling, weakness in arms, legs, pale or
    clammy skin, pale or bluish lips, and
    fingernails, and enlarged pupils - keep lying
    down, feet elevated and maintain body temperature
    never give food or drink

17
Open wounds
  • 4. Get Help see to it the victim gets immediate
    medical attention
  • Send someone for help
  • If you are alone leave the victim only after you
    have performed first aid and feel that you have
    lessened the risk of further injury or death
  • Find out victims blood type if possible
  • make sure you know your own

18
Blood Types
  • TYPE A
  • TYPE B
  • TYPE AB Universal recipient because can receive
    all other types
  • TYPE O Universal donor because can give to all
    other types

19
Blood types
  • RH factor the or in the blood
  • A protein in the blood of some 85 of the U.S.
    population Rh
  • Individuals with Rh negative blood blood that
    does not have the factor should not be given Rh
    positive blood

20
Severe Burns
  • First Degree These are superficial burns, like
    most sunburns, and involve, the top layer of skin
  • Healing takes 3-5 days
  • 2nd Degree second degree burns involve the top
    several layers of skin
  • Skin will have blisters, and appear blotchy
  • Healing takes 3-4 weeks

21
Severe Burns
  • 3rd degree The most severe burns, destroy all
    layers of skin as well as nerves, muscles, fat
    and bones
  • Burns look black and brown
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