Chapter 35 Lesson 1 Providing first Aid - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Chapter 35 Lesson 1 Providing first Aid


Providing first Aid ... auto accidents and from animal bites Body part should be ... with the victim in case it can be reattached First Aid for ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chapter 35 Lesson 1 Providing first Aid

Chapter 35 Lesson 1 Providing first Aid
  • First Aid The immediate, temporary care given
    to a person who has become sick or who has been
  • First aid is administered in the second and
    minutes following and accident or a persons
    becoming sick
  • Administering first aid until the proper
    authority arrives on the scene can mean the
    difference of life and death

Priorities in an Emergency
  • The first five minutes of an emergency situation
    are the most critical
  • It is important to remain calm and to keep these
    six priorities and keep 6 priorities in mind

6 Priorities in an Emergency
  • 1. Check the immediate surroundings for possible
  • Move the victim only if their life is threatened
  • 2. Check to see if the victim is conscious
  • If not call for ambulance at once

6 Priorities in an Emergency
  • 3. Check breathing be sure victim has an open
  • If not attempt to clear airway
  • Then administer rescue breathing if necessary

6 Priorities in an Emergency
  • 4. Control severe bleeding
  • If blood is bright red and spurting, an artery
    has been damaged
  • Apply direct pressure to the wound
  • Use gloves or protective barrier to avoid spread
    of infectious diseases

6 Priorities in an Emergency
  • 5. Check victim for poisoning
  • Any substance solid, liquid or gas that causes
    injury, illness or death
  • 6. Send for medical help
  • Call 911 or send someone to call 911

Secondary Emergency Measures
  • Once you have taken steps to ensure the victims
    safety and have administered life support
    procedures, you should attend to the following
    secondary measures

Secondary Emergency Measures
  • Learn as much as you can about what happened, and
    devise a plan of action
  • Look after the victims continued safety and
  • Keep the victim still and in the position most
    suited to his or her injury or condition

Secondary Emergency Measures
  • Make sure victim maintains normal body
  • Provide blankets or coat for warmth, or provide
    shade for cooling protection from the sun
  • Loosen tight or binding clothing.
  • Take care not to jar the victims neck or spine

Types of Emergencies
  • There are many types of emergencies
  • Some are minor while others are can be life

Open wounds
  • Abrasions scrapes, damages the outer layers of
  • Accompanied by little or no bleeding, but may
    become easily infected

Open wounds
  • Laceration cut is generally caused by a sharp
    object such as a knife or broken glass, or a hard
    blow from a blunt object
  • May have jagged or smooth edges
  • Usually accompanied by bleeding
  • Deep cuts can result in heavy bleeding and damage
    to nerves, blood vessels and soft tissue

Open wounds
  • Puncture wound caused by a pin, splinter or
    other pointed object piercing the skin
  • Although external bleeding is usually limited,
    puncture wounds carry the potential for internal
    bleeding and damage to internal organs
  • Risk of infection becomes greater when the object
    remains in skin

Open wounds
  • Avulsion When tissue is separated partly or
    completely from a persons body
  • Often occur in auto accidents and from animal
  • Body part should be sent to the hospital with the
    victim in case it can be reattached

First Aid for Open Wounds
  • 1.Stop the bleeding direct pressure using heel
    of hand either directly on wound or a pressure
    point along the artery supplying the blood
  • 2. Protect the wound Clean cloth over an open
    wound will help protect it from infection

Open wounds
  • 3. Treat for shock can result from severe
    bleeding, heart attack or electrocution,
    poisoning, or sudden change in temperature
  • Symptoms of shock confusion, slower or faster
    pulse, trembling, weakness in arms, legs, pale or
    clammy skin, pale or bluish lips, and
    fingernails, and enlarged pupils - keep lying
    down, feet elevated and maintain body temperature
    never give food or drink

Open wounds
  • 4. Get Help see to it the victim gets immediate
    medical attention
  • Send someone for help
  • If you are alone leave the victim only after you
    have performed first aid and feel that you have
    lessened the risk of further injury or death
  • Find out victims blood type if possible
  • make sure you know your own

Blood Types
  • TYPE A
  • TYPE B
  • TYPE AB Universal recipient because can receive
    all other types
  • TYPE O Universal donor because can give to all
    other types

Blood types
  • RH factor the or in the blood
  • A protein in the blood of some 85 of the U.S.
    population Rh
  • Individuals with Rh negative blood blood that
    does not have the factor should not be given Rh
    positive blood

Severe Burns
  • First Degree These are superficial burns, like
    most sunburns, and involve, the top layer of skin
  • Healing takes 3-5 days
  • 2nd Degree second degree burns involve the top
    several layers of skin
  • Skin will have blisters, and appear blotchy
  • Healing takes 3-4 weeks

Severe Burns
  • 3rd degree The most severe burns, destroy all
    layers of skin as well as nerves, muscles, fat
    and bones
  • Burns look black and brown