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Resolving Conflicts and Preventing Violence Chapter 9, pgs. 218-251

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Resolving Conflicts and Preventing Violence Chapter 9, pgs. 218-251 Conflict Any disagreement, struggle or fight 1. Internal conflict struggles that take place ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Resolving Conflicts and Preventing Violence Chapter 9, pgs. 218-251


1
Resolving Conflicts and Preventing
ViolenceChapter 9, pgs. 218-251
2
Conflict
  • Any disagreement, struggle or fight
  • 1. Internal conflict struggles that take place
    within an individual

3
Conflict
  • 2. Interpersonal conflicts disagreements
    between groups of any size, from two people to
    entire nations.
  • It usually occurs when one partys needs, wishes,
    or beliefs clash with those of another party
  • It can also arise out of a misunderstanding, when
    an individual misinterprets another persons
    language, gestures, or sense of humor.

4
Causes of Interpersonal Conflicts
  • Power struggles a teen and her parent might
    have a conflict over how late she is allowed to
    stay out at night

5
Causes of Interpersonal Conflicts
  • Personal loyalties a teen might be angry with
    his best friend for taking another persons side
    in an argument.

6
Causes of Interpersonal Conflicts
  • Jealousy and envy a teen might be upset when
    her friend starts going out with a boy she likes

7
Causes of Interpersonal Conflicts
  • Property disputes a teen might be angry with
    his brother for borrowing his MP3 player without
    permission.

8
Causes of Interpersonal Conflicts
  • Conflicting attitudes and values two friends
    might have an argument because one wants to hang
    out only with the cool crowd, while the other
    wants to be friendly to everyone.

9
Causes of Interpersonal Conflicts
  • Lack of respect a teen might be rude to a
    classmate because of a prejudice against that
    students ethnic group.

10
Conflict Resolution
  • The process of ending a conflict by cooperating
    and problem-solving together.
  • Respect people who respect others are more
    likely to listen with an open mind, consider the
    other persons views and feelings, and honor the
    basic values of the individual.

11
Conflict Resolution
  • Rights having respect for others also means not
    violating other peoples basic rights. People
    need to remember that no one owns anyone else.
  • Responsibility You need to take responsibility
    for your actions, do not just blame the other
    person.

12
The Negotiation Process
  • Negotiation is the use of communication and, in
    many cases, compromise to settle a disagreement.
  • The negotiation process involves talking,
    listening, considering the other partys point
    of view.
  • Mutual respect is an important factor in
    successful negotiation.

13
The Negotiation Process
  • The negotiation process includes
  • a. Take time to calm down and think over the
    situation.
  • b. Let each party take turns explaining its side
    of the conflict, without interruption. Apply good
    communication skills, such as active listening
    and using I messages.

14
The Negotiation Process
  • c. If necessary, ask for clarification to make
    sure that each party understands the others
    position.
  • d. Brainstorm solutions to the conflict.
  • e. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of
    each solution.

15
The Negotiation Process
  • f. Agree on a solution that is acceptable to both
    sides. The ideal outcome will be a win-win
    solution. If that is not possible, the two
    parties may need to compromise.
  • e. Follow up to see whether the solution has
    worked for each party.

16
The Mediation Process
  • When two parties cannot reach a solution through
    negotiation, they may consider mediation.
  • Mediation is bringing in a neutral third party to
    help others resolve their conflict peacefully
  • Peer mediation is a process in which specially
    trained students help other students resolve
    conflicts peacefully.

17
The Mediation Process
  • Effective mediation depends on these basic
    principles
  • Neutrality the mediator must always be an
    outsider who has no stake in the dispute. The
    mediation sessions should also take place in a
    neutral location.
  • Confidentiality respecting the privacy of both
    parties and keeping details secret.
  • Well-defined ground rules Both parties must
    agree to the rules set by the mediator.

18
The Mediation Process
  • In a typical mediation, each party gets a chance
    to present its side of the argument.
  • The mediator then summarizes the points made by
    each side and leads a discussion between the two
    parties.
  • The mediator does not make judgments or impose
    solutions. Instead, the solutions must come from
    the two parties.
  • However, the mediator can help them see the
    advantages and disadvantages of certain ideas.

19
Understanding Violence
  • Violence is the threatened or actual use of
    physical force to harm another person or to
    damage property.
  • Some acts of violence result from interpersonal
    conflicts that escalate out of control.

20
Causes of Violence
  • Uncontrolled anger or frustration.
  • A need to control others.
  • Hatred or prejudice against a particular group.
  • Retaliation or revenge for some past harm,
    whether real or perceived.
  • Alcohol and drug use.
  • Mental emotional problems.
  • Availability of weapons.
  • Violence in the media.
  • Gang violence.

21
Types of Violence
  • Assault an unlawful physical attack or threat
    of an attack.
  • Can range from minor threats to attacks that
    cause life-threatening injuries.
  • Each year, more than 4 million assaults take
    place in the United States.
  • Roughly half of all assaults occur between people
    who know each other.

22
Types of Violence
  • 2. Homicide the willful killing of one human
    being by another.
  • If the victim of an assault dies, the crime
    becomes a homicide.

23
Types of Violence
  • 3. Sexual Violence Any form of unwelcome sexual
    contact directed at an individual.
  • Sexual assault any intentional sexual attack
    against another person.
  • More than 60,000 sexual assaults take place in
    the U.S. each year

24
Types of Violence
  • b. Rape - any form of sexual intercourse that
    takes place against a persons will.
  • More than 300,000 females and nearly 93,000 males
    are raped each year.
  • Rape is one of the crimes least likely to be
    reported to police.
  • Survivors of rape may be unwilling to report the
    crime because of shame or fear.

25
Types of Violence
  • 4. Hate Crimes any crime motivated chiefly by
    hatred of or prejudice against a particular
    group.
  • People may be targeted because of their race,
    religion, culture, sexual orientation, or other
    difference.

26
Types of Violence
  • a. Harassment may include racial slurs,
    stalking, or attempts to exclude a targeted group
    from community life.
  • b. Vandalism Perpetrators may use offensive
    messages or symbols to deface buildings.
  • c. Arson Criminals may blow up or set fire to
    buildings.
  • d. Assault homicide Criminals may physically
    attack or even kill members of the targeted group.

27
Preventing OvercomingRelationship Abuse
  • Abuse is the physical, mental, emotional, or
    sexual mistreatment of one person by another.
  • A dating relationship may be abusive if one
    partner
  • Tries to pressure the other into sexual activity.
  • Tries to make the relationship serious or
    exclusive right away.
  • Acts jealous or possessive.
  • Tries to control the others behavior.
  • Yells, swears, or otherwise emotionally attacks
    the other.
  • Threatens the other with physical violence.

28
Forms of Abuse
  • 1. Physical Abuse a pattern of causing bodily
    harm or injury to another person.

29
Forms of Abuse
  • 2. Emotional Abuse a pattern of attacking
    another persons emotional development and sense
    of worth.
  • One form of emotional abuse is verbal abuse, the
    use of words to mistreat or injure another person.

30
Forms of Abuse
  • 3. Sexual Abuse a pattern of sexual contact
    that is forced upon a person against the persons
    will.
  • 4. Stalking repeatedly following, harassing, or
    threatening an individual.

31
Date Rape
  • Date rape occurs when one person in a dating
    relationship forces the other person to take part
    in sexual intercourse.
  • This is one of the most common forms of rape.
  • More than 40 of female victims and more than 10
    of male victims are romantically involved with
    their attacker
  • In acquaintance rapes, the attacker is someone
    the victim knows casually or considers a friend.
  • Alcohol often plays a role in date rapes.
  • Some rapists use drugs to subdue their victims
    (Rohypnol, GHB, and Ketamine)

32
Avoiding Date Rape
  • Specific strategies for avoiding date rape
    include
  • Avoid being alone with a dating partner you dont
    trust or know well, or with anyone who makes you
    feel uneasy.
  • Avoid alcohol drugs. Stay sober aware of
    whats going on around you.
  • Be clear of your sexual limits with dating
    partners.
  • Always get your own beverage at parties, and
    never leave it uncovered or unattended. Dont
    drink anything that smells or tastes strange.

33
Avoiding Date Rape
  • Make sure you have a way to get home.
  • If you start to feel dizzy, disorientated, or
    otherwise unwell, tell someone you trust and ask
    for help getting home.
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