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Overview of Building Blocks of Participation at the Macro Level

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Title: Overview of Building Blocks of Participation at the Macro Level


1
Overview of Building Blocks of Participation at
the Macro Level
  • Parmesh Shah
  • Participation Coordinator
  • The World Bank
  • Emailpshah_at_worldbank.org
  • http//www.worldbank.org/participation

2
Some key considerations for designing
participatory processes at macro level
  •  Need to move from participation as an input to
    producing papers and documents to participation
    for achieving sustainable poverty reduction
    outcomes
  • Participation is not an end in itself
  • Participatory processes are likely to be a key
    link between intended strategies and effective
    outcomes

3
Some key considerations for designing
participatory processes at macro level
  • Participatory processes are more critical during
    implementation and monitoring of strategies
  • Participation should not be perceived and used as
    a conditionality but as an opportunity for
    achieving effective outcomes
  • Participatory processes are adaptive, cyclical,
    incremental and iterative
  • Institutional mechanisms to anchor and backstop
    participatory approaches, e.g. UPPAP, Public
    Affairs Center, IDASA.

4
  •  

PRS CYCLE
5
What is participation?
  • Participation is the process through which
    stakeholders influence and share control over
    priority setting, policy-making, resource
    allocations and access to public goods and
    services.

6
The Building Blocks of Participation
7
Building Blocks for Participation in the PRSP
  • Poverty reduction actions?---? Poverty
    diagnostics
  • Public Action Choices ?---? Public Expenditure
    Management
  • Policy Choices?---? Macroeconomic reform
  • Poverty reduction outcomes?---? Monitoring
    implementation and results of policies

8
Outcomes Poverty Diagnostics (Based On Use Of
Participatory Approaches)
  • Choice of poverty actions based on specific
    concerns of the poor including vulnerability,
    insecurity and governance
  • Integration of quantitative and qualitative
    aspects of poverty actions in defining specific
    interventions in PRS

9
Outcomes Poverty Diagnostics (contd.)
  • Civic engagement and participatory processes
    which enable poor communities and their
    institutions to participate effectively in
    poverty diagnosis, analysis and monitoring.

10
Use of Participatory Poverty Diagnostics and
Analysis Some examples
  • Stable income generating opportunities related to
    non-farm sector for small landholders and
    landless in the Mekong delta in Vietnam
  • Increasing credit for agricultural production for
    women producers in Uganda

11
Use of Participatory Poverty Diagnostics and
Analysis Some examples (contd.)
  • Communal livestock management systems and micro
    insurance in view of rapid depletion of livestock
    related assets and livelihoods in rural Mongolia

12
Outcomes Public Expenditure Management
  • Accountable, transparent and efficient resource
    allocation, expenditures and service delivery
  • Civic engagement in budgeting, expenditure
    tracking and monitoring service delivery

13
Outcomes Public Expenditure Management (contd.)
  • Increased ability of communities and their
    organizations to participate in budgeting
    processes, expenditure tracking and monitoring
    quality,quantity and effectiveness of service
    delivery
  • Demystification of budgets and analysis to enable
    information exchange and discussions in
    parliament, media and civil society

14
PARTICIPATORY PUBLIC EXPENDITURE MANAGEMENT
Budget Formulation/Review
Performance Monitoring
Budget Expenditure Monitoring
15
Strategies to Exert Accountability in Managing
Public Expenditure
  • Participatory budget formulation/review
  • Public Expenditure tracking
  • Citizen report cards and surveys to client
    feedback on public services
  • Public feedback mechanisms
  • Community/citizen monitoring of public
    projects/expenditures/over-all performance
  • Public disclosure initiatives

16
Improving Public Services Citizen Report Cards,
Bangalore (India)
  • Determine user perceptions on the quality,
    efficiency and adequacy of public services
  • Create a report card that rates the performance
    of all major public service providers
  • Disseminate report cards to the public and the
    rated agencies
  • Mobilize citizen and government support for
    exerting accountability

17
Outcomes Macroeconomic policy formulation
reform
  • Multi-stakeholder institutional arrangements and
    consensus in key areas of policy formulation and
    implementation

18
Outcomes Macroeconomic policy formulation
reform (contd.)
  • Development of mechanisms for negotiation and
    rules of engagement between key stakeholder
    groups.
  • Demystification of the macro policy issues in
    terms of specific issues impacting various
    stakeholders and disseminating information more
    widely and publicly to enable participation and
    civic engagement

19
Multi-stakeholder social partnership forum in
Ireland
  • Negotiated process over 5 yrs to evolve consensus
    on key elements of fiscal and monetary policy
    (e.g. Budget deficits, wage rates, social sector
    spending and safety nets)
  • Key Impacts
  • Movement from budget deficit to surplus
  • Increased participation of civil society in
    economic decision making

20
Outcomes Participatory Monitoring and Evaluation
  • Development of feedback mechanisms and
    participatory monitoring systems which enable
    citizens and key stakeholders within the
    government to monitor key poverty actions, public
    actions and outcomes as a part of PRS formulation
    and implementation

21
Outcomes Participatory Monitoring and
Evaluation (contd.)
  • A citizen report card on PRS performance and
    implementation and mechanisms to incorporate
    citizen feedback in adaptation and improvement of
    the PRS (increased citizen empowerment)

22
Aspects of the Participation in PRSP
  • 1. Intra-governmental Participation
  • Finance Economic Ministry lt--gt Line Ministries
  • Parliament lt---gt Public services
  • National government lt---gt Local government
  • 2. Civic engagement at national level
  • 3. Civic engagement at local level
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