Alcohol - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Alcohol PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 70cff4-OGJmN



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Alcohol

Description:

Alcohol Alcohol Facts Alcohol is the oldest and most widely used drug in the world 45% of Americans over the age of 12 are consumers of alcohol. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:43
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 20
Provided by: setu95
Learn more at: http://hawkhealthed.pbworks.com
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Alcohol


1
Alcohol
2
Alcohol Facts
  • Alcohol is the oldest and most widely used drug
    in the world
  • 45 of Americans over the age of 12 are consumers
    of alcohol.
  • There is an estimated 10-15 million alcoholics or
    problem drinkers in the U.S. (4.5 million
    adolescents)

3
Alcohol Facts
  • 100,000 deaths each year are attributed to
    alcohol.
  • Alcohol-related automobile accidents are the
    leading cause of death among Americans 15-24
    years of age

4
Alcohol Facts
  • Alcohol is a powerful, addictive central nervous
    system depressant.
  • The drinkable form of alcohol is ethanol or ethyl
    alcohol

5
Alcohol Facts
  • A 12-ounce glass of beer, a 5-ounce glass of
    wine, and a 1.5-ounce shot of liquor all contain
    the same amount of alcohol and, therefore, have
    an equal effect on the drinker.

6
Effects of Alcohol
  • The affects of alcohol depend on many factors,
    including the drinkers size, weight, age, sex,
    and tolerance to alcohol
  • Although alcohol is a depressant, at first it can
    act more like a stimulant, making the drinker
    feel disinhibited, chatty, and euphoric then
    induces relaxation and reduced anxiety.

7
Effects of Alcohol
  • Consumption of 2-3 drinks in an hour can impair
    judgment, lower inhibitions, and induce mild
    euphoria.
  • 4-5 drinks consumed in two hours may raise the
    blood alcohol level to 0.08 percent, high enough
    to be considered legally intoxicated in most
    states.

8
Effects of Alcohol
  • Once a drinker stops drinking, his or her blood
    alcohol decreases by about 0.01 percent per hour

9
Dangers of Alcohol Abuse
  • Risk of injury or death as a result of accident
    or violence.

10
Dangers of Alcohol Abuse
  • Neurological danger include
  • Impaired vision
  • Impaired motor coordination
  • Memory defects
  • Hallucinations
  • Blackouts
  • Seizures
  • Permanent brain damage

11
Dangers of Alcohol Abuse
  • Cardiological dangers include
  • Elevated blood pressure
  • Elevated heart rate
  • Risk of stroke
  • Heart failure

12
Dangers of Alcohol Abuse
  • Respiratory dangers include
  • Respiratory depression and failure
  • Pneumonia
  • Tuberculosis
  • Lung abscesses
  • Mouth and throat cancers

13
Dangers of Alcohol Abuse
  • Liver diseases include
  • Alcoholic fatty liver
  • Hepatitis
  • Cirrhosis

14
Dangers of Alcohol Abuse
  • Other physiological dangers include
  • Damage to the gastrointestinal system (ulcers,
    reflux, diarrhea)
  • Damage to the pancreas
  • Damage to the kidneys
  • Malnutrition
  • Disrupt absorption of nutrients in food
  • Suppress the immune system

15
Dangers of Alcohol Abuse
  • Psychological dangers include
  • Impaired judgment
  • Impaired verbal ability
  • Apathy
  • Introversion
  • Antisocial behavior
  • Inability to concentrate
  • Deterioration of relationships with family,
    friends and co-workers

16
Alcoholism
  • Alcoholics are people who cannot control their
    drinking, even when it is having a negative
    effect on their lives.
  • There are an estimated 10-15 million alcoholics
    in the U.S.

17
Alcoholism
  • Symptoms of alcoholism include
  • Craving a strong need, or urge to drink alcohol
  • Loss of control not being able to stop once
    drinking has begun
  • Physical dependence withdrawal symptoms, such
    as nausea, sweating, shakiness, hallucinations,
    and anxiety after stopping drinking.
  • Tolerance need to drink greater amounts of
    alcohol to feel drunk, or even just normal.

18
Alcohol Pregnancy
  • Drinking alcohol during pregnancy slows the
    natural growth of the fetus and increases the
    chance that the baby will be born at a low
    birth-weight.

19
Alcohol Pregnancy
  • Babies born with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) are
    likely to have irreversible physical
    abnormalities, heart defects, and suffer retarded
    growth and mental development.
About PowerShow.com