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WOMEN AND POLITICAL PARTICIPATION IN BULGARIA

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Daniela Bozhinova Zelenite Party Sept, 2013 Athletics The World record in women s high jump has been held since 1987 by the Bulgarian Stefka Kostadinova Politics ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: WOMEN AND POLITICAL PARTICIPATION IN BULGARIA


1
WOMEN AND POLITICAL PARTICIPATION IN BULGARIA
ARE WE REALLY JUMPING HIGH?
Daniela Bozhinova Zelenite Party Sept, 2013
2
Athletics
  • The World record
  • in womens high jump
  • has been held since 1987
  • by the Bulgarian
  • Stefka Kostadinova

3
Politics
  • In Bulgarian politics
  • women do not jump so high
  • 23 in parliament
  • 25 local councilors
  • 11 mayors

4
BULGARIA no affirmative measures like gender
quotas or other stimuli
  • all on

5
BULGARIA Influential Women Mayor
Y.Fandakova/UNESCO head I. BokovaR.Vassileva
CNN, K.Georgieva Commissioner
6
BULGARIA Highest ranking officials
  • Prime minister Indjova, caretaker gov 1997
  • Speaker of Parliament Tzacheva 2009-2013
  • Vice-president M.Popova
  • Brazilian president Dilma Ruseff?

7
BG gender specifics
  • Myth 1 - feminism is imposed from outside (was
    stigmatized)
  • Myth 2 socialism achieved gender equality.
  • Myth 3 labor has liberated Bulgarian women.

8
BG gender policies
  • before the changes
  • state feminism (socialist doctrine)
  • After 1989
  • state feminism continued
  • due to EU legislation - europeanization of gender
    policy
  • Financing only through EU funds, no national
    funds allocated

9
Bulgarian women
10
BG women
11

BG women movement? NGOs?
  • no grass roots movement
  • NGO-ization of issues
  • Focus on charity, trafficking
  • Funds not available
  • Insignificant issues compared to
  • Yugoslavia and other neighbors
  • Good news court cases against sexist
    advertisers!!!
  • Academic reasearch substitutes real activism
  • Women participating in power do not impact
    status of women in BG

12
BG women and party politics
  • One instance of voluntary adherence to a quota
    NDSV 2001-2005 27 women in parliament
  • No quotas considered unfair
  • No incentives through public subsidies
  • Parties stick to the approach of women fractions
    opposite of gender mainstreaming approach
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