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Title: Chapter%2011:%20The%20Roaring%20Twenties%201919-1929


1
Chapter 11The Roaring Twenties1919-1929
2
Timeline
  • 1920 Warren G. Harding elected president
  • 1923 Calvin Coolidge becomes president
  • 1924 Coolidge is elected, Nellie Ross is
    elected governor first female
  • 1925 Scopes Trial, Harlem Renaissance
  • 1927 Lindbergh flies solo across ocean, first
    movie with sound is made
  • 1928 Herbert Hoover is elected president

3
Key Vocabulary
  • Warren G. Harding elected president in 1920, he
    promised a return to normalcy, died suddenly in
    1923
  • Teapot Dome Scandal corrupt gov't officials
    that made money illegally and ruined
    Harding's presidency
  • Calvin Coolidge took over for Harding in 1923
    and was elected in 1924, he believed in laissez
    faire
  • Laissez faire gov't hands off policy in
    business, let businesses run themselves

4
  • Isolationist a belief that a country should
    stay out of other nations' affairs except in
    self-defense (Harding and Coolidge)
  • Kellogg-Briand Pact a treaty signed in 1928 by
    fifteen countries, all promising not to make war
    against each other except in self-defense
  • Assembly line a conveyor belt system to speed
    up the process of making an item
  • Installment buying using a credit card, or
    money you don't have, to buy expensive items and
    paying for them in small chunks
  • Flapper the symbol of American women in the
    1920's, wore short hair, makeup, and dresses just
    below the knee

5
  • Prohibition - 18th amendment, passed in 1920,
    banned the manufacture and sale of alcohol in the
    U.S.
  • Al Capone organized crime boss, gangs would
    compete to control bootlegging (illegal
    manufacture and sale of alcohol)
  • NAACP (National Association for the
    Advancement of Colored People) group that tried
    to protect African American rights
  • Marcus Garvey started a return to Africa
    campaign to form a separate nation there
  • Fundamentalism believed in a literal
    translation on the Bible and did not want
    evolution to be taught in schools

6
  • Ku Klux Klan racist white group that tried to
    keep African Americans powerless in society
  • Jazz music developed by African Americans in
    New Orleans, features horns
  • Mass media communication that reaches a large
    audience, radio, TV, movies
  • Popular culture songs, dances, fashion, slang
    terms like scram and ritzy
  • Harlem Renaissance rebirth of African American
    culture in Harlem, NY by migrants from the South
  • Lost Generation artists and writers who see the
    Roaring Twenties as a dark time
  • Expatriates people that move away from U.S.

7
Let's Hear Some Jazz!
  • While you listen to 1920s jazz, I would like you
    to doodle!
  • Doodling while listening to music will help
    you understand the music better!
  • Duke Ellington --gt

8
Business of America
  • After WWI, Warren G. Harding promised a return
    to normalcy and to lower taxes
  • He believed in laissez faire, or gov't having
    their hands off of business
  • Coolidge took over after Harding died and
    followed an isolationist policy staying out of
    other nations' affairs unless in
    self-defense
  • Coolidge and 15 other nations signed the
    Kellogg-Briand Pact, promised no fighting

9
Technology
  • Because the average income per house rose 35,
    people had money to spend on luxury items
  • In 1920, Henry Ford produced his Model T faster
    and cheaper than ever because of his assembly
    line process
  • Ford produced one car per minute, each costing
    335 sounds cheap, but the average worker made
    only 716 per year
  • Installment buying became necessary using
    credit cards which led to the Depression

10
Air Age
  • After WWI, fighter pilots bought old planes and
    found new uses
  • Charles Lindbergh and Amelia Earhart made the
    first solo flights across the ocean in 1927 and
    1928

11
Youth and Women in 1920s
  • Youth became rebellious and wanted to
    express themselves
  • Fashion, songs, dance marathons, flagpole
    sitting, were all ways for youth to rebel
  • Women, symbolized by the flapper, were playing
    sports, driving cars, going to college and even
    working
  • 19th Amendment allowed women the right to vote

12
Prohibition and Organized Crime
  • Religious groups wanted to promote morality and
    health so they encouraged the 18th Amendment
    (Prohibition)
  • This banned the sale, transport, manufacture, and
    consumption of alcohol in the U.S.
  • Organized crime grew to struggle for control of
    bootlegging (illegal sale and manufacture of
    alcohol)
  • Al Capone became one of the most notorious
    crime bosses in Chicago
  • 21st Amendment repealed Prohibition

13
America's Changing
  • The Great Migration relocated a quarter of a
    million African Americans to the North with the
    hope of a better life free of racial
    violence and the chance of a better job
  • The NAACP was formed to help protect the
    constitutional rights of African Americans
  • Life was better, but still not great, race riots
    were common and many African Americans were being
    treated unfairly
  • Marcus Garvey suggested that African Americans
    move to Africa to create a nation of their own

14
A Divided Society
  • Many people were upset at the changes going on
    in society and that caused tension between the
    different sides African Americans and whites,
    native-born and immigrants, urban and rural
    communities, science and religion
  • In Tennessee, a biology teacher broke the law and
    taught evolution, he was taken to court and found
    guilty but the Tennessee Supreme Court found the
    law unconstitutional Scopes Trial evolution
    is taught

15
America Relaxes
  • Technology allowed for more leisure time (time to
    relax) so people began to go see movies, go to
    libraries, museums, read books and magazines,
    listened to the radio, and driving their cars
  • Some Americans could not enjoy as much leisure
    time, African Americans and Hispanic Americans
    were limited by money and race some events were
    still segragated

16
Mass Media Influences Pop Culture
  • Mass media, such as the radio and movies, is a
    communication that reaches large audiences
  • Once radio and movies were widely
    accessible, the youth began to dress like their
    favorite stars and listen to popular music, this
    is the beginnings of popular culture whatever
    is in during a time period
  • Walt Disney, MGM, and Warner Brothers movie
    companies all debuted their new talkies and
    made a fortune

17
Sports
  • Baseball became a favorite leisure activity
    during the 1920s
  • Yankee Stadium in New York became popular because
    of Babe Ruth
  • Sports like golf, tennis, swimming, and college
    sports were also popular

18
Harlem Renaissance
  • Harlem Renaissance was a rebirth of freedoms for
    African Americans in New York
  • Jazz musicians, artists, and writers
  • Many African Americans became popular but only
    whites were allowed in most clubs

19
The Lost Generation
  • Many writers and artists saw the 1920s as a very
    dark time and saw no hope for the future
  • Many artists and writers were so upset they left
    the U.S. For France and became expatriates
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