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The New Global Development Agenda Beyond 2015: The Role of Family Farming

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The New Global Development Agenda Beyond 2015: The Role of Family Farming By Dyborn C. Chibonga Member of EESC Follow-up Committee Chief Executive Officer – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The New Global Development Agenda Beyond 2015: The Role of Family Farming


1
The New Global Development Agenda Beyond 2015
The Role of Family Farming
By Dyborn C. Chibonga Member of EESC Follow-up
Committee Chief Executive Officer NASFAM
  • Presentation at 27th meeting of ACP-EU Economic
    and Social Interest Groups, organised by the
    European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) on
    29-31 October 2014 in Brussels, Belgium

2
Overview of Presentation
  1. Introduction Smallholder and Family Farming
  2. Critical Challenges in the Agricultural Sector
  3. The 2014 International Year of Family Farming
    (IYFF)
  4. The new Global Development Agenda 2015 and Family
    Farms
  5. Conclusion

3
1. Introduction Smallholder and Family Farming
  • 70 of the people living in poverty around the
    world live in rural areas and depend largely on
    smallholder agriculture for their livelihood.
  • According to FAO, there are an estimated 500
    million family farms across the developed and
    developing world.
  • These farms produce the food that feeds billions
    of people, and represent up to 80 of all farm
    holdings.
  • Smallholders and family farms play an important
    role in agriculture
  • Providing food and nutrition security for the
    growing world population,
  • Creating and preserving jobs in rural areas,
  • Stemming the rural-urban migration
  • Preserving Bio-diversity.

4
2. Critical Challenges in the Agricultural Sector
  • Global Challenges
  • Climate Change
  • Insufficient Capital
  • Rising Cost of Production (COP)
  • Access to Markets.
  • Challenges of Smallholder Farmers
  • Access to Land
  • Low Productivity
  • Ineffective farming techniques Traditional
    Subsistence Practices
  • Inadequate Access to Agricultural Extension
  • Low Adoption of New Technologies
  • Wasteful Post-harvest Practices Affects Quality
    and Safety of Food
  • Poor Market Participation.

5
3. The 2014 International Year of Family Farming
(IYFF)
  • United Nations General Assembly of December 22,
    2011, at its 76th Session officially declared
    2014 the International Year of Family Farming
    (IYFF) in recognition of the role and plight of
    family farming.
  • Putting high on agenda in the development
    discourse on the role of smallholder and family
    agriculture.
  • Places emphasis on family farming as a model of
    sustainable production.
  • Contrary to popular belief, family farms have
    been flexible, innovative and adaptive to markets
    and rapid economic and institutional changes.

6
  • Moreover, in addition to contributing to global
    food and nutrition security,
  • Family Farms are a factor of preservation and
    conservation of traditional local food and
  • Balance of agricultural biodiversity through the
    sustainable use of natural resources.
  • If well supported by policies driven by social
    protection, and if the farmers skills are
    enhanced, family farming can help to boost local
    and regional economies.

7
4. The new Global Development Agenda 2015 and
Family Farms
  • The new Global Development Agenda 2015 should
    recognise that ending hunger and poverty requires
    recognition that family farming should be
    central.
  • However, it should not just stop at the level of
    that recognition, but rather it should go further
    to provide guidelines on how the family farming
    can efficiently and effectively produce food for
    the global populace.
  • States and Governments must create the enabling
    environment and provide all necessary support for
    the farmers to invest in their farming
    businesses.
  • The Family Farming holds the key towards poverty
    alleviation and socio-economic development.

8
  • Reports by World Bank have shown that Agriculture
    growth has high economic pay-off and high poverty
    reduction pay-off (World Bank World Development
    Report, 2007).
  • According to IFPRI, agriculture growth, as
    opposed to growth in general, is typically found
    to be the primary source of poverty reduction
    (IFPRI, 2007).
  • However, there can never be agriculture growth in
    the first place without production, and the
    family farmers are behind production of food,
    fibre, fodder and fuel crops, as well as
    livestock (including fisheries).
  • The Family Farmers will be vital in the new
    Global Development Agenda 2015 for poverty
    eradication because their business, agriculture,
    is proven to be at least twice as effective as
    other production sectors in the prevention of
    poverty.

9
  • In most developing countries, and even in
    developed countries, the Family Farmers are now
    joining forces and are working in organised
    groups such as Associations, Cooperatives or
    Farmers Clubs for collective action and to defend
    their rights to land, seeds, water and food.
  • This is proving to be an important strategy, not
    only towards achieving economies of scale, but
    also ensuring that farmers are able to access
    Rural Advisory Services, Extension and Capacity
    Building Services in value addition.
  • Consequently, most of the organised farming
    groups are now investing in produce aggregation,
    warehouse receipting systems and agro-processing
    in their rural set up, thus creating more jobs
    and providing markets to farmers to sell their
    commodities within easy reach as they move up the
    agriculture value chain.
  • In this regard, the new Global Development Agenda
    2015 should not have far to look in efforts to
    ending unemployment the Family Farming can play
    that role.

10
  • With increasing changes in climate, the next
    Global Development Agenda will put emphasis on
    Sustainable Development, and in this connection,
    the Family Farming will play a significant role.
  • Family Farming, besides being a source of genetic
    agro-diversity, can ensure their preservation
    through seed varieties and native livestock
    breeds well adapted to various environments.
  • Finally, the Family Farming will have a critical
    role to play in reducing the impact of climate
    change through adoption of Climate Smart
    Agricultural (CSA) practices.
  • By its very nature, Family Farming has to
    preserve and conserve soil and water for it to be
    sustainable.
  • However, as the world is embarking on the fight
    against climate change, it is surprising to note
    that the global debates on climate change are
    ignoring the role agriculture can play in
    reducing the effects of climate change.
  • Much as greenhouse gasses (GHG) from agriculture
    contribute substantially to global emissions,
    there is huge potential for CSA to play a
    significant role in climate change adaptation and
    mitigation to contribute to reducing GHG
    emissions.

11
5. Conclusion
  • The world is facing critical development
    challenges ranging from food shortages,
    malnutrition, food safety, food losses and food
    waste to high levels of poverty, high
    unemployment rates, and climate change.
  • The global community is geared towards ensuring
    that the upcoming Global Development Agenda
    builds on the successes, and lessons from the
    Millennium Development Goals.
  • The role of Family Farming in the next
    Development Agenda ought to be well positioned
    because of the direct and practical implications
    it has on food security, climate change,
    sustainable development and also in ending
    hunger, malnutrition and creating jobs for the
    rural populace.
  • Therefore, the new Global Development Agenda has
    to strategically position the role of Family
    Farming in its theoretical and strategic
    framework which UN Member States will adopt after
    2015.

12
Thank You!
www.nasfam.org
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