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Chapter 6 The Executive Branch

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Chapter 6 The Executive Branch Section 1: The Presidency Section 2: Powers and Roles of the President Section 3: Executive Departments and the Cabinet – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chapter 6 The Executive Branch


1
Chapter 6 The Executive Branch
  • Section 1 The Presidency
  • Section 2 Powers and Roles of the President
  • Section 3 Executive Departments and the Cabinet
  • Section 4 Independent Agencies and Regulatory
    Commissions

2
Section 1 The Presidency
  • The Main Idea
  • The president and the vice president are required
    to have certain qualifications.
  • Reading Focus
  • What are the qualifications and terms of office
    for the presidency?
  • What are the duties of the vice president?
  • What are the rules of succession for the
    presidency?

3
Qualifications for the presidency
Section 1 The Presidency
  • Native-born U.S. citizen
  • At least 35 years of age
  • A resident of the United States for at least 14
    years

4
Terms of office
Section 1 The Presidency
  • Four-year term and may be elected to a second
    term
  • Salary of 400,000 per year plus 50,000
    nontaxable allowance

5
Duties and terms of office of the vice president
Section 1 The Presidency
  • Takes over if the president dies, resigns, or is
    removed from office
  • Presides over the Senate
  • Must meet the same constitutional qualifications
    as the president
  • Salary of 186,300 per year plus 10,000 taxable
    allowance

6
The order of presidential succession
Section 1 The Presidency
  • The vice president
  • The Speaker of the House
  • The president pro tempore of the Senate
  • Members of the presidents cabinet in the order
    in which their departments were created

7
SECTION 1
Question What are the term of office and the
duties of the vice president?
Term of Office
Duties
?? ?preside over the Senate ? ??remain prepared
to assume presidency ?? ?help presidential
candidate get elected
?? ?four years
four years
8
Section 2 Powers and Roles of the President
  • The Main Idea
  • The powers and roles of the U.S. president affect
    not only the citizens of the United States but
    also people throughout the world.
  • Reading Focus
  • What are some of the leadership roles of the
    president?
  • What powers does the president have?

9
The President and the Legislative Process
Section 2 Powers and Roles of the President
  • Recommends laws to Congress in speeches, writing,
    or through State of the Union Address
  • Sends Congress an economic message
  • Influences legislation with veto power

10
Congress and the Commander in Chief
Section 2 Powers and Roles of the President
  • Only Congress can declare war.
  • The president has the power to send troops into
    foreign lands.
  • 1973War Powers Act requires troops to be
    recalled within 60 days unless approved by
    Congress to stay longer

11
Presidents duties as foreign-policy leader and
chief of state
Section 2 Powers and Roles of the President
  • Appoints officials to represent the United States
    abroad
  • Travels to foreign nations to meet with leaders
    and representatives of other countries
  • Serves as the nations chief diplomat and assumes
    final responsibility for treaties
  • Symbolizes the United States and its people
  • Performs ceremonial duties

12
SECTION 2
Question What are the duties of the president as
foreign-policy leader and chief of state?
??? secure friendly relations with foreign
governments
?? ?preserve the security of the United States
??? appoint officials to represent the United
States in foreign countries
?? ?meet with leaders of foreign countries
??? travel abroad to meet with foreign leaders
??? assume responsibility for treaties with
foreign countries
13
Section 3 Executive Departments and the Cabinet
  • The Main Idea
  • The executive branch of the U.S. government is
    divided into several departments, each of which
    has certain duties.
  • Reading Focus
  • What is the Executive Office of the President,
    and what is the cabinet?
  • What are the purposes of the Department of State
    and the Department of Defense?
  • What are the other executive departments in the
    federal government?

14
The Executive Office of the President
Section 3 Executive Departments and the Cabinet
  • Established in 1939 and reorganized by each
    president
  • Contains agencies and offices that advise the
    president on current issues
  • The White House Office keeps the presidential
    schedule, writes speeches, and maintains
    relations with Congress, the press, and the
    public.

15
The 15 executive departments work to improve life
for all Americans.
Section 3 Executive Departments and the Cabinet
  • Department of
  • Agriculture (USDA)
  • Commerce (DOC)
  • Defense (DOD)
  • Education (ED)
  • Energy (DOE)
  • Health and Human Services (HHS)
  • Homeland Security (DHS) newest
    executive department
  • Housing and Urban Development (HUD)
  • Justice (DOJ)
  • Labor (DOL)
  • State (DOS)
  • Interior (DOI)
  • Treasury
  • Transportation (DOT)
  • Veterans Affairs (VA)

16
SECTION 3
Question What are the fourteen department
secretaries included in the presidents cabinet?
Secretary of Health and Human Services Secretary
of Housing and Urban Development Secretar
y of Transportation Secretary of Energy Secretary
of Education Secretary of Veterans
Affairs Secretary of Homeland Security
Secretary of State Secretary of Treasury Attorney
General Secretary of the Interior Secretary of
Agriculture Secretary of Commerce Secretary of
Labor Secretary of Defense
17
Section 4 Independent Agencies and Regulatory
Commissions
  • The Main Idea
  • The Independent Agencies and Regulatory
    Commissions of the U.S. government perform
    specialized duties.
  • Reading Focus
  • What are some examples of independent agencies,
    and what duties do they perform?
  • What are regulatory commissions, and who runs
    them?
  • What makes up the federal bureaucracy?

18
Independent Agencies
Section 4 Independent Agencies and Regulatory
Commissions
  • Perform specialized duties that do not fit into
    regular departments
  • Some serve all of the departments and some assist
    the work of the entire government.
  • Examples
  • U.S. Commission on Civil Rights
  • Farm Credit Administration
  • Small Business Administration
  • National Aeronautics and Space Administration

19
Regulatory Commissions
Section 4 Independent Agencies and Regulatory
Commissions
  • Independent agencies make rules and bring
    violators to court.
  • Commission heads are appointed by the president
    and approved by Congress to serve long terms.
  • Commissions are independent in order to freely do
    their jobs.

20
Regulatory Commissions (continued)
Section 4 Independent Agencies and Regulatory
Commissions
  • Examples
  • Federal Election Commission
  • Consumer Product Safety Commission
  • Securities and Exchange Commission
  • National Labor Relations Board

21
The Federal Bureaucracy
Section 4 Independent Agencies and Regulatory
Commissions
  • Formed by the departments and agencies of the
    executive branch
  • Almost 3 million workers
  • Operates under heavy rules and regulations that
    create red tape but allow the executive branch
    to function

22
SECTION 4
Question What are some of the independent
agencies and regulatory commissions of the
federal government?
Commission on Civil Rights Farm Credit
Administration
Federal Election Commission Consumer Product
Safety Commission Securities and Exchange
Commission National Labor Relations Board
National Aeronautics and Space Administration Smal
l Business Administration Office of Personnel
Management General Services Administration
23
Chapter 6 Wrap-Up
1. What is the vice presidents role in the
government? 2. What limitation did the
Twenty-second Amendment place on the terms of the
presidency? 3. What is the purpose of the State
of the Union Address? 4. How does the president
participate in the legislative process? 5. How
does the Executive Office of the President serve
the president? 6. What other position do the
executive department heads hold? 7. Why are the
independent agencies separate from the executive
departments?
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