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The Renaissance Moves North

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Title: The Renaissance Moves North


1
The Renaissance
The Renaissance Moves North Chapter 15-2 Mrs.
Becknell
  • Objectives
  • Understand how the Renaissance spread from Italy
    to the north
  • Identify key literary figures and ideas of the
    Northern Renaissance
  • Identify key artists and artistic ideas of the
    Northern Renaissance

2
Wednesday, 2/20/13
  • Introduce 15.2
  • Review Who was Petrarch? Who was Gutenberg?
  • Fill in first two boxes on p. 22
  • Read Words Into Print in small groups
  • Answer the questions on p. 20 as you read
  • HW Finish p. 22 notes (do not worry about 23)

3
Literature
  • Recall Francesco Petrach
  • The first great humanist author. He studied
    ancient manuscripts and wrote sonnets (poems)
    about love and nature.

4
How did Petrarchs (and other authors) works
become widespread (outside of Italy) during the
Renaissance?Listen to the song!
5
Mid 1400s
Johnannes Gutenberg
He invented Movable Type The Printing
Press Movable Type Individual letters and marks
that could be arranged and rearranged quickly.
6
A machine that used movable type to print pages
Printing Press
7
  • With 600 partners, Read Words Into Print
  • Answer the questions on p. 20 that relate back to
    the story!

8
Thursday, 2/21/13
  • Share answers to p. 20 Words into Print
  • Listen to the song, Imagine and consider what
    kind of place John Lennon is singing about
  • Discuss the theme of Sir Thomas Mores book and
    the effect it had on Renaissance England
  • Review notes, p. 22
  • HW Complete notes, p. 23 by reading the rest of
    15.2

9
WORDS INTO PRINT
  • Choose one of the five questions from last
    nights homework that you feel confident about
    answering.
  • Find that question and stand by it. No question
    may have more than 5 people standing by it.
  • Share your answer to the question with your
    group.
  • Combine your answers and write your final
    response on the white board.
  • Choose someone to share the response with the
    class.

10
WORDS INTO PRINT
  1. Why did Brother Franz think the printing press
    was important and valuable?
  2. Why did Brother Werner oppose making books with
    the printing press?
  3. How do you think the invention of the p.p.
    changed the way people read thought about
    books?
  4. If you had lived around 1500, how do you think
    you would have felt about printed books?
  5. What modern inventions can you think of that some
    people think are only a fad others think are
    here to stay?

11
Imagine
  • Listen to the song and follow along with the
    lyrics.
  • What kind of place is John Lennon singing about?
  • Do you think that this place exists somewhere?
    Why or Why not?

12
Think DiscussDescribe what UTOPIA would be
for you.
What does social perfection look like? What does
political perfection look like?
13
Utopia
  • An ideal place where there is political and
    social perfection

14
What Utopia would be like
  • Everyones house is the same
  • Everyone dresses the same
  • Farmers farm food for all of society
  • Everyone gets an equal say in the government
  • No one owns property
  • No one locks their doors
  • There is freedom of religion for all
  • Everyone does their fair share of work

15
UTOPIA
  • Written by Sir Thomas More
  • What its about This book tells of an ideal
    society where everyone is treated equally and war
    is not an option
  • (Greek translation no place)

16
Friday, 2/22/13
  • Answer the Shakespeare Survey!
  • Article of the Week!
  • Review the notes from 15.2
  • HOMEWORK Start the Study Guide (p.26) Make
    flash cards for key terms/names you dont know.
    Start answering questions Study guide will be
    due on Wednesday!

17
Shakespeare SurveyAnswer on a piece of notebook
paper. Hold onto this!
Yes No
  • Have you ever heard of Shakespeare?
  • Can you name at least one of his plays?
  • Have you ever seen one of his plays?
  • Have you ever seen a film of one of his plays?
  • Do you know the story of one of his plays?

18
Mid 1400s
Johnannes Gutenberg
He invented Movable Type The Printing
Press Movable Type Individual letters and marks
that could be arranged and rearranged quickly.
19
Literature spreads North!
  • Some authors started Christian Humanism Focused
    on humans and the study of Christianity rather
    than Greek Roman texts.
  • Christian Humanism was a common theme of Northern
    Renaissance writing- it was all about how
    individuals have the power and ability to
    evaluate their religion.

20
Erasmus
  • Desiderius Erasmus wrote In Praise of Folly
    which criticized Christian practices, saying they
    just covered up corruption.

The book criticized the Churchs sale of
indulgences to get people into Heaven (people
paid money to the church to decrease the amount
of time they believed theyd have to spend in
Purgatory).
21
SIR THOMAS MORE
  • Wrote Utopia a novel based on Platos book, The
    Republic (Plato was an ancient Greek philosopher)
  • This was yet another example of how Greek and
    Roman ideas influenced thinkers of the
    Renaissance!

MORE on MORE! - More was a member of King Henry
VIIIs court - King Henry VIII was angry with
Mores criticism and ordered him to be
beheaded! - Still, the book made More very
popular because of an important recent invention
The Printing Press!
22
Utopia
  • An ideal place where there is political and
    social perfection

23
UTOPIA
  • Written by Sir Thomas More
  • What its about This book tells of an ideal
    society where everyone is treated equally and war
    is not an option
  • (Greek translation no place)

24
What caused Renaissance ideas to spread northward?
  • First, Northern Industry and Trade expanded!
  • Plus, The Feudal Religious base of Medieval
    Society weakened!
  • New cultural ideas SPREAD to Northern Europe with
    the development of Gutenbergs printing press
    (through books!)

25
Sonnets
  • SONNETS (a popular form of Italian poetry)were
    introduced to England
  • First used in the Renaissance by Francesco
    Petrarch
  • Sonnets are poems with 14 lines that have a
    rhyming pattern

26
William Shakespeare
  • Englands best known poet playwright
  • wrote at least 37 verse plays based on classical
    themes hundreds of sonnets
  • created characters like Romeo Juliet- spread an
    interest in the human character

27
Common Literature Themes in France England
  • Love, Patriotism
  • The Human Character (greed, jealousy, pride,
    relationships, etc)
  • Christian Humanism
  • Nature Immortality

28
Do NOW How can you tell that this is an example
of Renaissance art? POINT OUT ITS RENAISSANCE
CHARACTERISTICS!
29
23. Art in the Northern Renaissance
  • JAN van Eyck Flemish painter-from the Netherlands
  • Painted realistic portraits
  • used multiple layers of oil paints and bright
    colors to enhance realism

Madonna del cancelliere Rolin
30
The Marriage of Giovanni Arnolfini and Gionvanni
Cenami (Jan van Eyck)
31
Art in the Northern Renaissance
  • Albrect Durer- German painter who also created
    woodcuts and engravings
  • Influenced by Italian styles
  • Also influenced by the Reformation (Protestant
    challenges to the Roman Catholic Church)

32
Joke of the Day!
  • Knock Knock
  • Whos There?
  • Toby
  • Toby who?
  • Toby or not To be ? - Shakespeare, from Hamlet

33
Monday, 2/25/13
  • Finish going over 15.2 notes literature art of
    the Northern Renaissance
  • Review who Shakespeare was examine one of his
    sonnets
  • Read All the Worlds a Stage to find out more
    about why Shakespeare is so famous!
  • Complete the questions on the story, p. 24 take
    your best guess at the modern-day movie
    questions, p. 25
  • HW Scrambled Shakespeare worksheet
  • Study Guide (p. 26 is due Wednesday you will
    have time to work on it tomorrow in class)

34
Do NOW How can you tell that this is an example
of Renaissance art? POINT OUT ITS RENAISSANCE
CHARACTERISTICS!
35
23. Art in the Northern Renaissance
  • JAN van Eyck Flemish painter-from the Netherlands
  • Painted realistic portraits
  • used multiple layers of oil paints and bright
    colors to enhance realism

Madonna del cancelliere Rolin
36
The Marriage of Giovanni Arnolfini and Gionvanni
Cenami (Jan van Eyck)
37
Art in the Northern Renaissance
  • Albrect Durer- German painter who also created
    woodcuts and engravings
  • Influenced by Italian styles
  • Also influenced by the Reformation (Protestant
    challenges to the Roman Catholic Church)

38
Shakespeare SurveyStand up for YES
Yes No
  • Have you ever heard of Shakespeare?
  • 2. Can you name at least one of his plays?
  • 3. Have you ever seen one of his plays?
  • 4. Have you ever seen a film of one of his plays?
  • 5. Do you know the story of one of his plays?

39
William Shakespeare
  • Englands best known poet playwright
  • wrote at least 37 verse plays based on classical
    themes hundreds of sonnets
  • created characters like Romeo Juliet- spread an
    interest in the human character

40
Sonnets
  • SONNETS (a popular form of Italian poetry)were
    introduced to England
  • First used in the Renaissance by Francesco
    Petrarch
  • Sonnets are poems with 14 lines that have a
    rhyming pattern

41
Shakespearean Sonnets
  • Read the next two sonnets on your worksheet and
    identify their rhyme scheme
  • EXTRA CREDIT- try to write your own sonnet!
  • Can work in pairs or alone.
  • Pick a theme.
  • Person 1- write lines 1 3 to rhyme
  • Person 2- lines 2 4
  • Person 1- lines 5 6
  • Person 2- lines 7 8
  • Person 1- lines 9 10
  • Person 2- lines 11 12
  • Both lines 13 14 (rhymes with itself)

42
Name __________ Sonnets
  • Read Shakespeares sonnet aloud in your groups.
    Tell your group what the rhyming pattern is.
  • Let me not to the marriage of true MINDS
  • Admit impediments. Love is not LOVE
  • Which alters when alteration FINDS
  • Or bends with the remover to REMOVE
  • Oh no! It is an ever-fixed MARK
  • That looks on tempests and is never SHAKEN
  • It is the star to every wandering BARK
  • Whose worths unknown, although his height be
    TAKEN
  • Loves not Times fool, though rosy lips and
    CHEEKS
  • Within his bending sickles compass COME
  • Love alters not with his brief hours and WEEKS
  • But bears it out even to the edge of DOOM
  • If this be error and upon me PROVED
  • I have never writ, nor no man ever LOVED
  • Challenge What is this poem about?

43
Sonnets
  • Poems with 14 lines the following rhyming
    pattern
  • A Let me not to the marriage of true MINDS
  • B Admit impediments. Love is not LOVE
  • A Which alters when alteration FINDS
  • B Or bends with the remover to REMOVE
  • C Oh no! It is an ever-fixed MARK
  • D That looks on tempests and is never SHAKEN
  • C It is the star to every wandering BARK
  • D Whose worths unknown, although his height be
    TAKEN
  • E Loves not Times fool, though rosy lips and
    CHEEKS
  • F Within his bending sickles compass COME
  • E Love alters not with his brief hours and WEEKS
  • F But bears it out even to the edge of DOOM
  • G If this be error and upon me PROVED
  • G I have never writ, nor no man ever LOVED

44
Common Literature Themes in France England
  • Love, Patriotism
  • The Human Character (greed, jealousy, pride,
    relationships, etc)
  • Christian Humanism
  • Nature Immortality

45
Sonnet Meanings
  • Sonnet 116 Meaning What is love? A person should
    not change his feelings for his love, based on a
    temptation. His love should remain fixed and
    constant, like a star that guides ships in a
    storm.
  • Sonnet 73 Meaning How will the death of a
    friend or lover change you? You will love someone
    all the more when you know that theyre near
    death you will love and appreciate your own
    life more because you now realize that the green
    leaf of youth will soon turn yellow and fall. 
  • Sonnet 106 Meaning What problems do time pose?
    The bards (poets) of long ago were like prophets,
    writing about a beauty that was to come, but
    which they could not see yet (that beauty is his
    love). Line 9 states that, "all their praises are
    but prophecies" of the fair one, who would come
    in the future (which is now the present-day, for
    the poet) in the end, he shares that he doesnt
    feel like he has the ability to sing his loves
    praises well enough today.

46
What was it like to see a Shakespeare play?
  • Read, All the Worlds A Stage (p.117 in the
    blue book) to find out more about Shakespeares
    appeal!
  • Complete p. 24 in the packet after you read.
  • Examine p. 25 to see if you can match modern day
    re-tellings of Shakespeares classics!

47
Homework - worksheet
  • Read the William Shakespeare biography
  • Put the Scrambled Shakespeare events in the
    correct order (back of the worksheet)
  • Study Guide due Wednesday (you will have some
    time to work on it tomorrow in class)

48
Tuesday, 2/26/13
  • Go over p. 24 25 on Shakespeare and review hw
    (Scrambled Shakespeare)
  • Work on the Study Guide- p. 26. with a partner.
    Questions 1-12 due tomorrow.
  • Finished with the Study Guide? Study it with a
    partner, or Complete the Shakespeare scavenger
    hunt for extra credit!
  • HW Study Guide

49
All the Worlds A Stage!
  • 1. Shakespeares plays performed there, it burnt
    down, it was rebuilt
  • 2. Audiences were rowdy! They often threw fruit
    at the actors when they didnt like the plays!
  • 3. Shakespeares plays were loved by people of
    all backgrounds and were full of action and
    fantasy!
  • 4. Shakespeare wrote about themes that can be
    applied to any time period (like love, jealousy,
    revenge, and death).

50
Did You Know??? P. 25
  • 1. THE LION KING
  • 2. 10 THINGS I HATE ABOUT YOU
  • 3. WEST SIDE STORY (ANY OTHERS YOU CAN THINK OF
    WITH A SIMILAR THEME???)
  • 4. SHES THE MAN

51
Wednesday, 2/27/12
  • Review some topics from 15.2 notes
  • Questions from Study Guide (p. 26)- questions ?
  • Work on remainder of Study Guide/ Partner up and
    quiz each other with TIC TAC TOE!
  • Draw a Tic Tac Toe board on the white board
  • Choose who is x and who is o
  • Partners should ask each other questions back and
    forth- you must get a question right to win a
    square!

52
THE IMPORTANCE OF GUTENBERG!!
  • GUTENBERGS movable type printing press made it
    so that ALL people could have access to books
    which encouraged many Europeans to become
    literate!
  • The first book printed on the press was THE BIBLE

53
UTOPIA
  • Written by Sir Thomas More
  • What its about This book tells of an ideal
    society where everyone is treated equally and war
    is not an option
  • (Greek translation no place)

54
Study Guide 1-6
  • QUESTIONS????
  • 1. Crusades
  • 2. To get back the HoLY Land (Jerusalem), TO help
    pilgrims visit the places where Jesus lived
    taught, To unite Christians
  • 3. Trade expanded, The use of money increased,
    Cities towns grew
  • OR Constantinople was destroyed, 2/3 of the
    Crusaders died, The mission failed (they never
    captured Jerusalem)

55
  • 4. Over who should be able to pick the bishops-
    pope was supposed to, but King Henry did instead
    (got him excommunicated) King went back and had
    pope exiled in the end
  • 5. overtaxing, pretending his brother was dead so
    he could be the king, put people in jail without
    a trial (for no reason), he kept losing land (act
    like a dictator)
  • 6. France vs England
  • Fought over the English Channel, trade, who
    would control France
  • Joan of Arc helped to save France (in the Battle
    of Orleans) keep it free

56
Study Guide 7-12
  • QUESTIONS????
  • 7. Between 1300-1650 It began it Italy because
    of its location on the Mediterranean Sea
    because there were competitive city-states here
    it was the center of the Church/Ancient Rome so
    classical texts were kept here.
  • 8. da Vinci (1 2) Michelangelo (3) Donatello
    (4) Raphael (5)
  • 9. He could do most anything! He was a
    scientist, an artist, an inventor, a musician,
    etc.

57
Study Guide 7-12
  • 10. The ideas spread through Gutenbergs printing
    press and because industry trade expanded while
    the religious feudal base of European society
    had weakened
  • 11. Themes of love, patriotism, nature, the human
    character, and Christian humanism

58
12- ESSAY
  • 12. ESSAY question. Consider what changes came
    about in the Renaissance. Write about Art,
    Literature, Politics, Science/Inventions
  • Include changes brought about by the Crusades
    the Hundred Years War. Also discuss figures/ideas
    like daVinci, Michelangelo, Donatello, Raphael
    Medici the city-states. Include Sir Thomas
    More, Shakespeare

59
Example of one body paragraph
  • The Renaissance brought tremendous changes to
    politics. Before this time, the Feudal system was
    in place all over Europe. As a result of the
    Crusades, feudalism began to crumble. Knights
    left their manors to fight and many peasants
    moved to the quickly- growing towns. Soon,
    nations were forming all over Europe. When
    Italys city-states began to promote culture and
    a return to humanism, other European nations, led
    by their Kings, followed Italys example. Soon,
    all of Western Europe was ensconced in the
    cultural movement of the Renaissance.

60
Partner Up!
  • Work on the study guide/ play tic tac toe review
    with the white boards
  • 7-12 due TOMORROW
  • Study Session offered TODAY during Lunch!! See me
    for a pass!
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