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North Carolina Architecture

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North Carolina Architecture Lighthouses Map of NC Coast The coast of North Carolina is a chain of barrier islands known as The Outer Banks . Several of America's ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: North Carolina Architecture


1
North Carolina Architecture
  • Lighthouses

2
Map of NC Coast
  • The coast of North Carolina is a chain of
  • barrier islands known as The Outer Banks.
  • Several of America's tallest and best known
  • lighthouses were built to warn ships away
  • from this dangerous coast.

3
The Graveyard of the Atlantic
  • A Cape is a landform which sticks out into a sea,
  • ocean, lake or river. North Carolinas three
    great
  • capes are Cape Fear, Cape Lookout and Cape
  • Hatteras. Under the water off these capes are
    dangerous
  • shoals which have caused over 2000 ships to sink
    off our coast.
  • Due to these sunken ships, the area around Cape
    Hatteras
  • has earned its name as The Graveyard of the
    Atlantic.
  • Cape Fear Cape Lookout
    Cape Hatteras

4
NC Lighthouse Designs
5
Currituck Beach
  • Stands 162 feet tall and has a total of 214
    steps to the top.
  • Light is still operational and visible for 19
    miles.
  • Built in 1875, the Currituck Lighthouse was the
    last brick lighthouse to be built on the Outer
    Banks to fill a forty mile stretch of darkness
    between Cape Henry, VA and Cape Hatteras, NC.

6
Bodie Island
  • Bodie Island was originally named after the
    family who owned the land.
  • Folklore often pronounced the name as body
    island instead, as a result of the many
    shipwrecked bodies that washed ashore on the
    island.
  • Rising 165 feet and painted with striking black
    and white stripes.
  • The third attempt to illuminate the perilous
    stretch of coast between Cape Hatteras and
    Currituck Beach.

7
Cape Hatteras
  • Cape Hatteras Lighthouse is the tallest in the
    nation and a famous symbol of North Carolina.
  • Its design of black and white spiral stripes has
    earned it the nickname as the Big Barber Pole.
  • In the summer of 1999, as the ever-encroaching
    waters of the Atlantic Ocean threaten the
    structure, the Cape Hatteras Light was moved from
    its original location.
  • Still in working operation, the light at the top
    is automated and visible every 7.5 seconds and in
    good visibility conditions, the beacon can often
    be seen for 20 miles.

8
Ocracoke
  • The Ocracoke Lighthouse is North Carolinas
    oldest operating lighthouse and the second oldest
    in the nation.
  • At seventy-five feet, it is the shortest
    lighthouse on the North Carolina Coast and can be
    only be seen for 14 miles.
  • By 1718, Blackbeard had come to regard Ocracoke
    as his favorite anchorage. He even reportedly had
    a house on the island, which he intended to use
    as a sort of pirate haven.

9
Cape Lookout
  • The Cape Lookout Lighthouse is a 163-foot high.
  • It flashes every 15 seconds and is visible at
    least 12 miles out to sea and up to 19 miles.
  • The Cape Lookout Light is one of the very few
    lighthouses that operate during the day.
  • The Cape Lookout Lighthouse is the only such
    structure in the United States to bear the
    checkered daymark, which is the diamond pattern.
  • This diamond pattern is to tell the difference
    between the lighthouses and also to show
    direction. The side points of the black diamonds
    point in a north-south direction, while the side
    points of the white diamonds point east-west.

10
Oak Island
  • There is no spiral staircase as found in most
    older lighthouses, but instead a series of ships
    ladders with a total of 131 steps to the lantern
    gallery level. 
  • Built in 1958, it is one of the most recent
    lighthouses built on American shores.
  • There are three bands of color on the lighthouse
    made with different colors of cement, so the
    lighthouse never needs painting.

11
Bald Head Island
  • Called Old Baldy
  • Built in 1817, It is the oldest standing
    lighthouse in North Carolina
  • The octagonal tower is constructed of brick and
    painted with plaster on the exterior. The ground
    floor is made of brick, while the remaining floor
    joist and the stairs are made from North Carolina
    Yellow Pine.
  • Marks the mouth of the historic Cape Fear River.

12
Currituck
13
Bodie Island
14
Cape Hatteras
15
Ocracoke
16
Cape Lookout
17
Oak Island
18
Bald Head Island
19
All Eight Lighthouse designs
Cape Lookout Ocracoke Cape Hatteras
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