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The Anglo-Saxon Period (449-1066)

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Title: The Anglo-Saxon Period (449-1066) Author: Angie Last modified by: udsd Created Date: 10/6/2008 11:56:03 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Anglo-Saxon Period (449-1066)


1
The Anglo-Saxon Period (449-1066)
  • A Prelude to Beowulf

2
HIstory
  • Original inhabitants of the current U.K. were the
    Britons, a Celtic people.
  • They were first conquered by Rome.
  • When the Roman legions left to protect their
    capitol, it left the Britons vulnerable to new
    invaders.
  • The British Isles were then invaded by the Jutes,
    the Angles, and the Saxons
  • (see map on pg. 9)

3
(History cont.d)
  • They divided up the country into separate
    kingdoms, creating Angle-land or Anglo-Saxon
    England.
  • Under the leadership of Alfred the Great, The
    British Isles united to take a successful stand
    against the invading Danes.
  • They became a strong military power until they
    fell under the invastion of the Normans.

4
LAnguage
  • The Germanic tribes (the Jutes, Angles, and
    Saxons) brought a common language with them. This
    is known as Old English or Anglo-Saxon.
  • While modern English does come from Old English,
    it is so far removed from todays speech that we
    have to have translations of Anglo-Saxon
    literature.

5
culture
  • Because of the division of kingdoms, the British
    Isles were often at war with each other.
  • Still, there were many commonalities between
    them. Their values were very unified
  • Culture was based around a heroic ideal.
  • Valor and rank were respected throughout all the
    kingdoms.

6
  • Society
  • Loyalty there was fierce loyalty between the
    king (who was to reward and protect his
    followers) and the people (who were to stay loyal
    to the king unto death).
  • Well-developed hierarchy
  • Even though there was a monarchy, the people
    still had a mindset of democracy (a mans view is
    valued).
  • Beliefs The Celtics believed that all things
    were controlled by irresistible, impersonal FATE.
  • A persons goal, then, would be to strive to
    achieve the one thing that would last fame.

7
The Dark ages?
  • Even though this is during the Dark Ages, there
    was civilization being developed.
  • There was value placed on beauty, on art.
  • created elaborate works of art (big use of gold)
  • Created intricate designs and prided themselves
    on great workmanship
  • Value was also placed on learning.
  • Great minds, thinkers, learners, and teachers
    came out of this culture. Europe would send for
    teachers from this people!

8
Literature
  • Poetry the Germanic tribes did not know how to
    write, so the poetry and literature of this time
    were oral. (Often sung, accompanied by a harp.)
  • Professional poets called scops were responsible
    for carrying the memories and history of the
    people.
  • TRADITIONS in literature
  • Heroic big action, larger than life characters,
    etc.
  • Elegiac mourning the past, better times
  • Gradually Christian values were layered onto
    traditions
  • Eventually the poems began to be written down by
    monks.

9
Alfred the Great
  • A king who valued education
  • Patron of scholars and educators
  • Author and translator
  • Unified his people against the Danes attacks
  • Contributions
  • Promoted use of written English
  • Was responsible for first historical record in
    English
  • Maintained diplomatic foreign relations
  • Created a code of law
  • Founded the first English public school
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