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Islam 101- An Introduction to Islam/Beyond the Middle East

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Islam 101- An Introduction to Islam/Beyond the Middle East This session will discuss the basic tenets of Islam the religion and its origin. We will also introduce who ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Islam 101- An Introduction to Islam/Beyond the Middle East


1
Islam 101- An Introduction to Islam/Beyond the
Middle East
  • This session will discuss the basic tenets of
    Islam the religion and its origin. We will also
    introduce who the diverse cultural groups are
    from around the world that practice Islam.

2
Some Basic Facts
  • Islam is an Arabic word. It means peace or
    submission peace with God, or submission.
  • Salaam alaykum The same Arabic root word
    meaning peace be with you is the universal
    Muslim greeting.
  • Muslim is also Arabic in origin meaning one
    who believes in and consciously follows Islam.

3
ALLAH
  • Islam begins with God (Allah). The word Allah
    is formed by joining the definite Arabic article
    al which means the with the Arabic llah,
    which means God.
  • La ilaha illa Allah means There is no god but
    Allah (God)

4
Muhammad, The Messenger of God
  • Born in Mecca
  • Christian calendar year 570 A.D.
  • Name means highly praised
  • Considered the final prophet
  • The Night of Power
  • 610 A.D. when Allah spoke to Muhammad
  • In a cave on Mount Hira ( on the outskirts of
    Mecca)

5
Hijra The Flight to Medina
  • 622 A.D. (Christian Calendar)
  • Muhammad fled Mecca to Yathrib
  • A new era and beginning of the Muslim Calendar
  • Medinat al-nabi The City of the Prophet
    Medina The City
  • 10 A.H. (after the Hijra)

6
THE QURAN
  • al-quran in Arabic means a recitation
  • The word of God revealed to Muhammad over a time
    frame of 23 years through the voice of the angel
    Gabriel
  • 114 surahs (or chapters)
  • Slightly shorter in length than the Christian New
    Testament

7
How Many Are Muslims?
  • 1 billion followers (1/5 of the world population)
  • Less than 10 percent of Muslims are Arab
  • Majority Muslims are found throughout the Middle
    East, North Africa, East Asia and the Pacific
    Islands ex. Indonesia, Malaysia, southern
    Philippines
  • Large numbers include Western Europe, the former
    Soviet Union, and North America.

8
The Five Pillars of Faith
  • 1. Shahada (affirmation)
  • 2. Salat (prayer)
  • 3. Zakat (almsgiving)
  • 4. Siyam (fasting)
  • 5. Hajj (pilgrimage)

9
The Fast of Ramadhan
  • The ninth month of the Muslim Calendar
  • When Muslims fast during the entire month to
    concentrate on their faith and spend less time on
    the concerns of everyday life
  • A time of worship and contemplation

10
Ramadhan restrictions/expectations
  • No eating or drinking during the daylight hours
    (from dawn to sunset)
  • Smoking and sexual relations are also forbidden
  • The good from fasting is nullified by
  • The telling of a lie
  • Slander
  • Denouncing someone behind his back
  • A false oath
  • Greed or covetousness

11
Recommended books
  • What Every Christian Should Know About Islam by
    Ruqaiyya Waris
  • More In Common Than You Think The Bridge
    Between Islam and Christianity by Bill Baker
  • The Autobiography of Malcolm X- as told to Alex
    Haley
  • Muslim on the Americanization Path by Yvonne
    Haddad and John Esposito
  • For God and Country Faith and Patriotism Under
    Fire by Chaplain James Yee

12
Recommended On Line Resources
  • www.MuslimBridges.org
  • http//www.al-islam.com/eng/
  • http//www.islamselect.com/english/index.php
  • http//www.islaam.ca/
  • http//islam.about.com/
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