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Fall Of The Roman Empire

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Fall Of The Roman Empire Mr. Ermer World History Miami Beach Senior High Roman Decline The last of the Five Good Emperors Marcus Aurelius dies in A.D. 180 Civil ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Fall Of The Roman Empire


1
Fall Of The Roman Empire
  • Mr. Ermer
  • World History
  • Miami Beach Senior High

2
Roman Decline
  • The last of the Five Good EmperorsMarcus
    Aurelius dies in A.D. 180
  • Civil wars follow for next 13 years
  • Emperor Septimius Severus told his sons pay the
    soldiers, ignore everyone else
  • Severan emperors known for militaristic rule, and
    brutality
  • 235-284 Throne held by whoever can take it by
    force
  • 22 emperors of this period, most die violently
  • Constant invasion also caused problems

3
Economic Military Problems
  • 3rd Century Invasions, civil wars and plague
    almost ruins Roman economy
  • Plague causes less people to trade soldiers
  • Farm production down, armies ravage them
  • Money loses value
  • No money to recruit and pay soldiers
  • Germans fill in the gap, but have little loyalty
    to generals, or the empire

4
Diocletian Constantine
  • Introduce Late Roman Empire with new
    governmental, economic and social
    structuresalong with new religion
  • Diocletian believes empire too big to rule,
    divides empire into four parts, each ruled by own
    ruleremperor still highest auth.
  • Bureaucracy expanded, army reorganized
  • Wage and price controls to help inflation

5
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6
New EmpireNew Capital
  • Constantine builds new capital city in east
  • Picks site of old Greek city Byzantium
  • Renames city Constantinople (Istanbul)
  • Had excellent strategic position
  • Became his New Rome and capital of Eastern
    Roman Empire, as the empire continues to split
    between East and West

7
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8
An Empire Divided Cannot Stand
  • Empire splits between East and West
  • Western capitalRome
  • Eastern capitalConstantinople
  • Western empire under attack by Germans
  • 350-400 Huns, tribe from Asia, and pressures
    Germanic Visigoths, moving them into Roman
    territory, become allies of Rome against
    Hunsrevolt soon after
  • 410 Visigoths sack Rome
  • 455 Vandals sack Rome

9
The Fall of Rome
  • A.D. 476 Emperor Romulus Augustulus is the last
    emperor of Rome, deposed by German general
  • Germanic kingdoms replace empire
  • Eastern, Byzantine Empire survives
  • The Byzantine Empire lasts another 1,000 yrs
  • Many reasons are given for the fall of Rome, none
    fully explain it.

10
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11
Reasons Given For Fall of Empire
  • Christianitys embrace of spiritual life
  • Non-Italians eroding Roman values
  • Lead poisoning causes mental decline
  • Plague kills 1/10 of population
  • Failure to advance technology b/c of slavery
  • Inadequate political system for large empire

12
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13
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14
Chapter 2, Lesson 2 Review
  • On page 30, write and answer questions 1-5
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