After the Roman Empire was divided in AD 395, the eastern half eventually became known as the Byzantine Empire. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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After the Roman Empire was divided in AD 395, the eastern half eventually became known as the Byzantine Empire.

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Byzantine Empire After the Roman Empire was divided in AD 395, the eastern half eventually became known as the Byzantine Empire. West into Italy, south to Egypt, and ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: After the Roman Empire was divided in AD 395, the eastern half eventually became known as the Byzantine Empire.


1
Byzantine Empire
  • After the Roman Empire was divided in AD 395, the
    eastern half eventually became known as the
    Byzantine Empire.
  • West into Italy, south to Egypt, and east to the
    Arabian border
  • Greeks, Egyptians, Syrians, Arabs, Armenians,
    Jews, Persians, Slavs, and Turks lived within the
    empire.

2
The Beginning
  • The Roman Empire shifted its power from Rome in
    the East, to Constantinople in the West
  • The Eastern Roman Empire became known as the
    Byzantine Empire

3
Constantinople
  • At the center of the Byzantine Empire was the
    city of Constantinople.
  • Constantinople was surrounded by water on three
    sides, was the busiest market place in Europe,
    and there they sold goods like silk, gems, and
    wheat.
  • AD 500s, it was one of the worlds most advanced
    cities. Success was due to its prime location

4
Byzantine Empire
  • Byzantine Empire was in existence up to 1,000
    years after the fall of Rome.
  • Blended Greek, Roman, and Christian influences in
    this brilliant civilization.

5
Justinian
  • Byzantine Empire reached its greatest size under
    the Emperor Justinian- skilled leader and strong
    general.
  • Governed with supreme power- controlled the
    military and made all legal decisions.
  • Empress Theodora (Justinians wife) had her hand
    in government. Justinian listened to her
    opinions, and he changed the laws where a wife
    could own land if she became widowed.

6
Justinians Legal Reforms
  • Had a more simple code of laws written, this
    became known as the Justinian Code. It was a
    collection and revision of all laws from the past
    and present.
  • This code helped officials and businesspeople
    better under the laws.
  • Became the basis for many legal systems of almost
    every legal system in the Western world.

7
Byzantine Arts and Education
  • Justinian and other emperors ordered the
    construction of many churches, forts, and
    government buildings
  • Hagia Sofia (Holy Wisdom) a beautiful church
    built to restore Roman glory decorated with
    numerous mosaics showing popular saints.
  • Education was important boys studied religion,
    medicine, law, arithmetic, grammar, and other
    subjects.

8
Hagia Sophia https//www.youtube.com/watch?vng-
-WLT0Xjc
9
The Church
  • Christianity was extremely important and
    influential in the Byzantine Empire.
  • A division emerged however in the church dealing
    with leadership roles.
  • Patriarch highest church official

10
The Church
  • More division emerged with the use of icons with
    some Christian beliefs.
  • AD 1054 a schism or permanent split occurred
    between the Byzantine (Eastern Greek Orthodox)
    and the Roman Catholic Church they treated each
    other as rivals (pages 386-389)

11
The Collapse
  • The Collapse of the Byzantine Empire occurred for
    several reasons
  • the split of the church caused fighting and wars
  • struggles of succession
  • advance of the Turks
  • the Crusades
  • Constantinople falls in 1453 as the Ottoman
    Empire begins
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