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Documenting the source Works Cited Listed alphabetically by last name first

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Documenting the source Works Cited Listed alphabetically by last name first Ovid. Metamorphoses. Trans. A. D. Melville. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998. 176-179. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Documenting the source Works Cited Listed alphabetically by last name first


1
Documenting the sourceWorks Cited Listed
alphabetically by last name first
  • Ovid. Metamorphoses. Trans. A. D. Melville. New
    York Oxford University Press, 1998. 176-179.
  • Author Ovid/translator Melville,

2
Publius Ovidius Naso (20 March 43 BC AD 17/18)
  • known as Ovid, was a Roman poet who is best known
    as the author of the three major collections of
    erotic poetry Heroides, Amores, and Ars
    Amatoria. He is also well known for the
    Metamorphoses, a mythological hexameter poem

3
Metamorphoses
  • Metamorphoses (from Greek µet? meta and µ??f?
    morphe, meaning "changes of shape"), is a Latin
    narrative poem in fifteen books by the Roman poet
    Ovid describing the history of the world from its
    creation to the deification of Julius Caesar
    within a loose mythico-historical framework.
  • Completed in AD 8, it is recognized as a
    masterpiece of Golden Age Latin literature. The
    most-read of all classical works during the
    Middle Ages, the Metamorphoses continues to exert
    a profound influence on Western culture.

4
Daedalus, famous architect
  • In Greek mythology, Daedalus (Latin, also
    Hellenized Latin Daedalos, Greek Daidalos
    (?a?da???) meaning "cunning worker", and Etruscan
    Taitale) was a skillful craftsman and artisan.

5
the Labyrinth on Cretehttp//www.explorecrete.com
/mythology/daedalus-icarus-video.html
  • In Greek mythology, the Labyrinth (Greek
    ?aß??????? labyrinthos) was an elaborate
    structure designed and built by the legendary
    artificer Daedalus for King Minos of Crete at
    Knossos. Its function was to hold the Minotaur,
    a creature that was half man and half bull and
    was eventually killed by the Athenian hero
    Theseus. Daedalus had made the Labyrinth so
    cunningly that he himself could barely escape it
    after he built it.

6
the Labyrinth on Crete
  • In colloquial English, labyrinth is generally
    synonymous with maze
  • Crete formerly, Candia, a Greek island in the
    Mediterranean, SE of mainland Greece. 456,642
    3235 sq. mi. (8380 sq. km). Capital  Canea.

7
Minos
  • noun Classical Mythology . a king of Crete he
    ordered Daedalus to build the Labyrinth.
  • http//dictionary.reference.com/browse/Minos

8
Minos Troubles
  • 1. Poseidon sent a giant white bull out of the
    sea. Minos was committed to sacrificing the bull
    to Poseidon, but then decided to substitute a
    different bull. In rage, Poseidon cursed
    Pasiphaë, Minos' wife, with zoophilia.
    (Minotaur, half bull, half human monster)
  • 2. He kept Daedalus in prison so that the secret
    of art could not be leaked (unless with the help
    from WikiLeaks).

9
Minotaur
  • He dwelt at the center of the Cretan Labyrinth,
    built for King Minos of Crete and designed by the
    architect Daedalus and his son Icarus who were
    ordered to build it to hold the Minotaur. The
    Minotaur was eventually killed by the Athenian
    hero Theseus.

10
Pasiphaë
  • daughter of Helios, the Sun, by the eldest2
    of the Oceanids, Perse
  • She was given in marriage to King Minos of Crete.
    With Minos, she was the mother of Ariadne,
    Androgeus, Glaucus, Deucalion, Phaedra, and
    Catreus. She was also the mother of "starlike"
    Asterion, called by the Greeks the Minotaur,
    after a curse from Poseidon caused her to
    experience lust for and mate with a white bull
    sent by Poseidon.

11
Rhyton
  • Rhyton in the shape of a bull's head at the
    Greek pavilion at Expo '88
  • Rhyton , an ancient Greek drinking horn, made of
    pottery or metal, having a base in the form of
    the head of a woman or animal.

12
Continuity TransformationPicassos
Bullhead(1881  1973)
13
Golden mean (philosophy)
  • In philosophy, especially that of Aristotle, the
    golden mean is the desirable middle between two
    extremes, one of excess and the other of
    deficiency. For example courage, a virtue, if
    taken to excess would manifest as recklessness
    and if deficient as cowardice.

14
Beauty Truth
  • To the Greek mentality, it was an attribute of
    beauty. Both ancients and moderns realized that
    there is a close association in mathematics
    between beauty and truth. The poet John Keats, in
    his Ode on a Grecian Urn, put it this way
  • "Beauty is truth, truth beauty," -- that is
    allYe know on earth, and all ye need to know.

15
three 'ingredients' to beauty
  • The Greeks believed there to be three
    'ingredients' to beauty symmetry, proportion,
    and harmony. This triad of principles infused
    their life. They were very much attuned to beauty
    as an object of love and something that was to be
    imitated and reproduced in their lives,
    architecture, Paideia and politics. They judged
    life by this mentality.

16
The Axial Ageall great minds run in the same
channel
  • In Chinese philosophy, a similar concept,
    Doctrine of the Mean, was propounded by
    Confucius Buddhist philosophy also includes the
    concept of the middle way.
  • German philosopher Karl Jaspers coined the term
    the axial age (Ger. Achsenzeit, "axistime") to
    describe the period from 800 to 200 BCE, during
    which similar revolutionary thinking appeared on
    a global scale.

17
The Great BearThe constellation of Ursa Major
has been seen as a bear by many distinct
civilizations
18
Transformation of the Great Bear
  • In Greek mythology, Zeus (the king of the gods)
    lusts after a young woman named Callisto, a
    nymph of Artemis. Hera, Zeus' jealous wife,
    transforms the beautiful Callisto into a bear.
    Callisto, while in bear form, later encounters
    her son Arcas. Arcas almost shoots the bear, but
    to avert the tragedy, Zeus hurls them both into
    the sky, forming Ursa Major.

19
Wagoner Astronomy the northern constellation
Auriga
  • Auriga is a constellation in the northern sky.
    Its name is Latin for 'charioteer' and its stars
    form a shape that has been associated with the
    pointed helmet of a charioteer.

20
Auriga
  • as a chariot and its driver. The driver is often
    represented as a shepherd, usually with a goat
    flung over his left shoulder (due to the
    resemblance of that area to a lump), with two
    kids nearby.

21
Wagoner
  • The driver of a chariot, a charioteer. Chiefly
    with mythological reference. Obs.Frequently
    applied to Phœbus (Apollo) or to Phaethon
    (Apollos son) as charioteer of the sun.

22
Boötes, n.
  • Pronunciation  /b??'??ti?z/
  • Etymology  Latin, lt Greek ß??t?? ploughman,
    wagoner also the constellation.
  • Transgression and Transformation

23
Orion
  • Classical Mythology
  • a giant hunter who pursued the Pleiades, was
    eventually slain by Artemis, and was then placed
    in the sky as a constellation.

24
Orion
  • An engraving of Orion from Johann Bayer's
    Uranometria, 1603 (US Naval Observatory Library)

25
Artemis/Cinthia
  • Artemis (Greek (nominative) ??teµ??, (genitive)
    ??t?µ?d??) was often described as the daughter of
    Zeus and Leto, and the twin sister of Apollo. She
    was the Hellenic goddess of the hunt, wild
    animals, wilderness, childbirth, virginity and
    young girls, bringing and relieving disease in
    women she often was depicted as a huntress
    carrying a bow and arrows.

26
Artemis
  • The Diana of Versailles, a Roman copy of a Greek
    sculpture by Leochares. (Louvre Museum)

27
Function of allusion
  • M. H. Abraham defined allusion as "a brief
    reference, explicit or indirect, to a person,
    place or event, or to another literary work or
    passage". It is left to the reader or hearer to
    make the connection (Fowler) where the
    connection is detailed in depth by the author, it
    is preferable to call it "a reference".

28
Patterns and ThemesUnity vs. Variety
  • Identify patterns in the web of those stories
  • Transgression and Transformation
  • Reward and punishment
  • Consistency in allusions that further enhances
    the thematic significance
  • Unity vs. variety enrich the thematic
    explorations piling up evidence without boring
    the reader.

29
Delos ParosRecognizing Rhyming scheme
  • Delos a Greek island in the Cyclades, in the SW
    Aegean site of an oracle of Apollo.
  • Paros a Greek island of the Cyclades, in the S
    Aegean noted for its white marble. 6776 77 sq.
    mi. (200 sq. km).

30
Samos Lebinthos
  • Samos a Greek island in the E Aegean. 41,709
    194 sq. mi. (502 sq. km).
  • Lebinthos (?eß????s) is a small, in the eastern
    Ägäis between Kos and Paros convenient island,
    which belongs to the group of the southern
    Sporaden ( also Dodekanes called).

31
Perdix
  • Daedalus nephew
  • A prodigy, a person, esp. a child or young
    person, having extraordinary talent or ability a
    musical prodigy.
  • Irony his cleverness leads to his untimely
    death
  • Acrophobia a pathological fear of heights

32
Narrative Time vs. Event Time
  • Narrative sequence
  • Usually chronologically listed
  • Perdix first
  • Icarus later
  • Flashback (how do you know?)
  • More interesting

33
(Pallas) Athena
  • Goddess of Wisdom, War and Crafts Patron Goddess
    of Athens
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