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Dangerous Driving Behaviors

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Title: Dangerous Driving Behaviors


1
Dangerous Driving Behaviors
Section 5 (Day 1)
2
You have 10 minutes
Section 5 (Day 1)
Bell Ringer
  • You are at a party and you noticed your
    designated driver had one alcoholic drink, how
    would you handle the situation? How about 2 or
    more drinks?

3
Take Responsibility
Write this slide
  • Say No to drinking and driving.
  • Drinking and driving at any age is Illegal
  • Mixing alcohol and driving is the leading cause
    of older teenage drivers crashes.

4
What does B.A.C stand for?
Write this slide
  • Blood alcohol concentration the percentage of
    alcohol related to the total amount of blood in
    the body.
  • For example 1 drop of alcohol per 999 drops of
    blood equals .10 BAC per every 1,000 drops of
    fluid.

5
Blood Alcohol Concentration Factors
Factors affecting BAC
  • Weight (blood volume)
  • Time Spent Drinking
  • Gender
  • Food
  • Alcohol Content and Size of Drink

Liquor
Wine
Beer
Dont Write this slide
6
Blood Alcohol Concentration Factors
Weight
Heavier people have more blood and other body
fluids to dilute alcohol consumed.
0.04
0.08
110 lbs
220 lbs
Time Spent Drinking
On average, a persons BAC is oxidized at a rate
of 0.015 per hour
  • 90 of the alcohol detoxified is oxidized (burned
    up) by the liver
  • 10 is eliminated in breath, urine, and sweat

Write this slide
7
Blood Alcohol Concentration Factors
Gender
Women process alcohol at a slower rate than men.
This is because they usually weigh less and men
have a higher percentage of body fluids which
dilutes the alcohol.

Food
The amount of food in your stomach does very
little to reduce the effect alcohol has on the
brain and liver.
  • However, food does coat the lining of the
    stomach and slows absorption into the blood
    stream.

Write this slide
8
Proof of Alcohol
  • Proof means twice the actual alcohol content
  • 80 proof is 40 alcohol
  • 90 proof is 45 alcohol
  • Etc etc

Liquor
Wine
Beer
Write this slide
9
See Virginia Drivers Manual
  • Drinking and Driving- Page 30

Liquor
  • Driving under the influence (DUI)
  • Legally, you are DUI if your BAC is .08 or
    higher
  • May face same penalties as DUI if using any other
    drug

Wine
Beer
10
See Virginia Drivers Manual
  • Admin. License Suspension (ALS) Page 30
  • If a driver refuses to submit to the breath test,
    the persons license or the privilege to operate
    a motor vehicle is suspended immediately for 7
    days if BAC is gt.08
  • Second refusal is automatic suspension of 60 days.

Liquor
Wine
Beer
11
See Virginia Drivers Manual
  • Open Container- Page 30

Liquor
  • You may charged with drinking
  • while operating a motor vehicle
  • if
  • you are stopped by law enforcement and you have
    an open container of alcohol in the passenger
    area,
  • Contents of the drink have been removed, and
  • You have signs that have been drinking.

Wine
Beer
12
See Virginia Drivers Manual
  • Zero Tolerance-

Liquor
  • If you are under age 21 you cannot purchase,
    posses or consume alcohol.
  • If you have a BAC of at least .02, but less
    than .08, you can be fined up to 500, have your
    license suspended for 6 months and face jail
    time.

Wine
Beer
13
See Virginia Drivers Manual
  • Transporting Children while Under the
  • influence- Pages 30-31

Liquor
  • Conviction of any DUI offense involving a
    juvenile passenger(lt18) carries an additional
    mandatory 5 day jail term.
  • You may also be given an additional fine of
    500.00 up to 1,000.00.
  • A second DUI offense with a minor carries and
    additional 80 hour community service requirement
    in addition to all other fines and jail sentences.

Wine
Beer
14
See Virginia Drivers Manual
  • Vehicle Impoundment- Page 31

Liquor
  • Your vehicle will be impounded immediately for 30
    days if you are caught driving after your license
    has been suspended foe an alcohol related
    offense.
  • Your vehicle can be impounded for an additional
    90 days if convicted.

Wine
Beer
15
See Virginia Drivers Manual
  • Restitution- Page

Liquor
  • You may be liable (for up to 1,000.00) for the
    cost of law enforcement, emergency medical
    service, fire fighting and rescue personnel who
    respond to a crash or incident resulting from
    your DUI violation

Wine
Beer
16
See Virginia Drivers Manual
  • Penalties for persons under 21
  • possessing and consuming
  • alcohol- Page

Liquor
  • If you are under 21 years old and you purchase,
    possess and or consume alcohol, you face fines
    ranging from 500.00 - 2,500.00.
  • If you are 18 or older, you may face mandatory
    suspension of your license for at least 6 months.

Wine
Beer
17
See Virginia Drivers Manual
  • Penalties for possessing alcoholic
  • beverages at Public School- Page
  • 31

Liquor
  • Drinking or possessing alcoholic beverages on
    public school grounds can result in a fine up to
    1,000.00 and up to six months in Jail regardless
    of your age.

Wine
Beer
18
See Virginia Drivers Manual
  • Penalties for providing alcoholic
  • beverages- Page

Liquor
  • If you sell or provide alcoholic beverages to a
    person under the age of 21 you are subject to a
    fine up to 2,500.00, 12 months in Jail and
    mandatory suspension of license for up to a year.

Wine
Beer
19
See Virginia Drivers Manual
  • Misrepresentation of Age- Page
  • If you are under 21 years old and use or attempt
    to use an altered, fictitious or simulated
    document or ID in attempt to buy or consume
    alcohol, you will
  • Be fined at least 500.00
  • Perform 50 hours community service
  • Face up to 12 months of jail
  • Face mandatory suspension of your license for at
    least six months, but no more than one year.

Liquor
Wine
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20
See Virginia Drivers Manual
  • If the Police Stop you- Page 31
  • If the police stop you and suspect that you have
    been drinking or using drugs, they will ask you
    to take a breath test.
  • The test analyzes the amount of alcohol in your
    body.
  • Under the implied consent law, if you operate a
    motor vehicle on Virginias roads, you agree to
    take a chemical test upon request.

Liquor
Wine
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21
See Virginia Drivers Manual
  • Alcohol and You- Page 31
  • Researchers estimate that between the hours of
    10pm and 2am, three out of every 10 drivers is
    intoxicated.
  • Nearly 1/3 of these drivers have been drinking at
    someone elses house.
  • In your lifetime, there is a 50-50 chance that
    you will be in an alcohol related crash.

Liquor
Wine
Beer
22
See Virginia Drivers Manual
  • Just One- Page 31
  • Just one alcoholic drink can affect your driving
    ability particularly vision, judgment, and
    coordination.

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Wine
Beer
23
BAC Levels Affect the Brain
.01 - .05 Impairs Judgment http//www.brackenspub
.com/beer.swf Gives a False Sense of
Confidence .05 - .10 Slows Reaction Time Reduces
Coordination and Balance Affects All Driving
Skills .10 - .20 Slurred Speech Blurred
Vision Impaired Judgment, Memory and Self-Control
24
BAC Levels Affect the Brain
.20 - .35 Physical Abilities Become Severely
Impaired Mental Confusion Unconsciousness,
Blackouts are Common .35 - higher Little or No
Reflexes Breathing May Stop DEATH
25
See Virginia Drivers Manual
  • Because alcohol affects your judgment
  • and driving ability- Page 32

Liquor
  • Because alcohol affects your Judgment and driving
    ability, your chances are seven times higher if
    your drive after drinking than if you dive sober.

Wine
Beer
26
See Virginia Drivers Manual
  • A 12 ounce glass- Page 32

Liquor
  • A 12 ounce glass of beer, a five ounce glass of
    wine and a shot of liquor have similar amounts of
    alcohol.

Wine
Fact A DRINK is ½ an ounce of alcohol.
Write this
Beer
27
Drink Equivalents
Ounces Drink Alcohol 4.2 12 Beer .50
oz. 6.1 8 Beer .48 oz. 10
5 Wine .50 oz. 14 3.5 Wine .49
oz. 40 1.25 Liquor .50 oz. 50
1.0 Liquor .50 oz. 75
.67 Liquor .50 oz.
  • Drinks come in different sizes and they come with
    different alcohol contents

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28
How Much Alcohol Do They Contain?
Beverage Alcohol Beer 3 11 Wine 8
25 Liquor 26 - 75.5 Pure Grain
Alcohol 95 100
Dont Write this slide
29
How Much Light Beer?
Dont Write this slide
Weight Oz. Light BAC Oz. Light BAC Oz.
Light BAC Beer Beer
Beer
M A L E
200 180 160 140 120 100
0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03
22 oz. 20 oz. 18 oz. 16 oz. 14 oz. 11 oz.
0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05
37 oz. 33 oz. 30 oz. 27 oz. 22 oz. 20 oz.
0.07 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.07
52 oz. 46 oz. 41 oz. 37 oz. 32 oz. 28 oz.
F E M A L E
200 180 160 140 120 100
18 oz. 16 oz. 14 oz. 12 oz. 10 oz. 7 oz.
30 oz. 27 oz. 22 oz. 20 oz. 18 oz. 16 oz.
41 oz. 37 oz. 32 oz. 28 oz. 26 oz. 21 oz.
0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03
0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05
0.07 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.07
Based on light beer with 4.2 alcohol by volume
consumed in 1 hour. NOTE The alcohol content of
light beer varies from 3.3 to 4.4 .
30
Elimination Rate
Myth The average person can tolerate one drink
per hour without substantial impairment.
  • Facts
  • Sobriety returns ONLY with time.
  • Alcohol is eliminated at approximately .015 BAC
    per hour.

Titanic Principle If you take in more than your
system can pump out, sooner or later youll sink!
Dont Write this slide
31
Elimination Rate
Example Based on 1 drink per hour for 6 hours 150
lb male BAC in (6 hr. x .03) .18 BAC out
(6 hr. x .015) .09 BAC after 6 hr. (.18 -
.09) .09 BAC remaining 150 lb female BAC
in (6 hr. x .033) .198 BAC out (6 hr. x
.015) .09 BAC after 6 hr. (.198 - .09)
.108 BAC remaining
Dont Write this slide
32
See Virginia Drivers Manual
  • Only time- Page 32

Liquor
  • Only Time can decrease intoxication.
  • Coffee, cold showers or exercise will not have a
    sobering effect.

Wine
Beer
33
See Virginia Drivers Manual
  • Alcohol related crashes are not accidents.
  • They can be prevented- Page 32

Liquor
  • Before going out, decide before you start
    drinking that you are not going to drive.
  • It is harder to make decisions after one or two
    drinks.

Wine
Beer
34
See Virginia Drivers Manual
  • Drive to social events in groups- Page 32

Liquor
  • Drive to social events in groups in two or more
    and have the driver agree not to drink.

Wine
Beer
35
See Virginia Drivers Manual
  • Alcohol and Drugs- Page 32
  • Combining alcohol and other drugs usually
    multiplies the effects of both and can have a
    disastrous effect on your ability to drive
  • One drink with a simple cold remedy could have
    the same effect as consuming several alcoholic
    beverages.

36
You have 15 minutes
Class work (1of 5)
  • Read pages 56-57. Do Lesson 1 Review
    questions(1-3) on page 57.
  • Write out the questions.
  • Save to be turned in with your test.

37
Show DVD (23 Minutes)-Drinking and Driving A
Crash Course
38
The End!!
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