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The Impact of Exploration

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The Impact of Exploration Slavery, Disease, and the Columbian Exchange The Spanish Empire A huge Spanish empire stretched from California to South America after the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Impact of Exploration


1
The Impact of Exploration
  • Slavery, Disease, and the Columbian Exchange

2
The Spanish Empire
  • A huge Spanish empire stretched from California
    to South America after the Conquistadors finished
    off the Aztecs and Incas

3
The Spanish Empire
  • A social structure developed that placed people
    in a hierarchy (pg 7 of reading packet)
  • Peninsulares Born in Spain
  • Creoles European descent born in colonies
  • Mestizos Native American and European
  • Mulattoes African and European decent
  • Native Americans and Africans

4
The Spanish Empire
  • They set up a system known as the encomienda
    system
  • Only allowed colonies to trade with Spain
  • Conquistador who was granted land could demand
    labor or tribute from Native Americans in the
    area
  • As the Natives died from diseases, Europeans
    began looking elsewhere to find laborers

5
Triangular Trade and Slavery
  • European settlement of the Americas led to the
    eventual enslavement of over 11 million Africans
  • Large plantations were set up in the Americas
    and the need for laborers was great
  • At first it was the Native Americans used for
    this, but as they died off from disease, the
    focus turned towards Africa

6
  • A modern sugarcane plantation in South America

7
Triangular Trade and Slavery
  • A valuable trade developed in African slaves
  • Known as the Atlantic Slave Trade
  • Most of these slaves were captured by other
    Africans and sold to Europeans near the African
    coast
  • The Europeans then transported them across the
    Atlantic Ocean on the Middle Passage

8
Triangular Trade and Slavery
  • The Atlantic slave trade formed one part of a
    three-legged international trade network known as
    Triangular Trade.
  • This was a triangle-shaped series of Atlantic
    trade routes linking Europe, Africa, and the
    Americas.

9
Triangular Trade and Slavery
  • Manufactured goods were taken from Europe to
    Africa and traded for slaves
  • Slaves were then sold in the Americas
  • Raw goods were loaded and taken to Europe
  • Manufactured goods were then bought and taken to
    Africa, thus starting the cycle again

10
Triangular Trade and Slavery
11
Triangular Trade and Slavery
12
Horrors of the Middle Passage
  • Most Africans were taken from inland villages and
    forced to march in chains to the coast where they
    awaited the sea trek
  • Hundreds of men, women and children were then
    crammed into the ships slave deck, where they
    would live in tiny spaces for the next 1 to 3
    months.
  • They were given just enough food to survive on
    and rarely allowed on deck
  • Disease killed often as many as 1/4, and many
    killed themselves during the journey

13
Horrors of the Middle Passage
14
Horrors of the Middle Passage
15
Atlantic Slave Trade Video5 Minutes
16
Mercantilism
  • European monarchs enjoyed the benefits of the
    American colonies
  • Developed a system called Mercantilism
  • Calls for exporting more goods than you import
  • Colonies supply the parent nation with raw
    materials and serve as a market for its exports

17
Columbian Exchange
  • The global exchange of people, plants, animals,
    ideas, and diseases between old and new
    worlds

18
Columbian Exchange
19
Columbian Exchange
  • America ? Europe, Africa, Asia
  • Europe, Africa, Asia ? America
  • Maize
  • Potatoes
  • Tobacco
  • Pumpkins
  • Peppers
  • Turkeys
  • Wheat
  • Bananas
  • Horses
  • Cattle
  • Chickens
  • Diseases!!!
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