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Constitutional Convention (1787)

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Constitutional Convention (1787) How was the United States Government formed? Decision #1 Question: What to do about the Articles government? Answer: Planned to ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Constitutional Convention (1787)


1
Constitutional Convention (1787)
  • How was the United States Government formed?

2
Decision 1
  • Question
  • Answer
  • What to do about the Articles government?
  • Planned to revise (or fix) the Articles of
    Confederation
  • DECISION 1 They decided to make a new
    government.
  • This would lead to problems later because people
    would accuse them of doing something extra-legal
    (beyond the law)!

55 delegates met at the Convention. 8 had signed
the Declaration and GW was elected as president
of the convention. Most were young like James
Madison and Alexander Hamilton who believed the
nation was sick and needed a powerful remedy.
3
2nd Decision 1st Option
  • Answer
  • Question
  • How could the problems be fixed?
  • Delegates disagreed on how much power to give the
    new government.
  • Edmund Randolph and James Madison proposed the
    Virginia Plan Called for a strong national
    government with three branches (legislative,
    judicial, and executive).
  • The legislature would have two houses (bicameral)
    with representation based on a states
    population.

James Madison was nicknamed the Father of the
Constitution because of his ideas about how to
structure a government (VA Plan).
4
The Virginia Plan
5
Same Question Option 2 (Next Box)
  • Delegates from the small states did not like the
    VA Plan They would lose all power!
  • Proposed the New Jersey Plan had three branches
    but had only one house that (like the Articles)
    would have only one vote for each state (equal
    representation).
  • It was really a slightly more powerful version of
    the Articles.

Pattersons plan was an attempt to keep power for
the small states but it had little chance of
passing because it was too much like the Articles.
6
New Jersey Plan
7
Decision 2 (the solution to the big argument)
  • Question
  • Answer
  • What did they decide to do?
  • The Great (or Connecticut) Compromise
  • Keep the Virginia Plan but have two houses with
    one (the House of Representatives) based on
    population and the other (the Senate) based on
    equal representation (two per state).
  • This way both sides were happy (or at least
    satisfied)

Most of Madisons VA Plan was accepted making
it the basis of the new government.
8
The Great (or Connecticut Compromise)
9
What was the biggest argument at the
Constitutional Convention?
  • Slavery
  • Representation in Congress
  • The Executive Branch
  • Whether or not to replace the Articles of
    Confederation

10
What plan was the basis of the Constitution?
  1. The 3/5s Compromise
  2. The Virginia Plan
  3. The New Jersey Plan
  4. The Great Compromise

11
What solved the biggest argument of the
Constitutional Convention?
  1. The 3/5s Compromise
  2. The Virginia Plan
  3. The New Jersey Plan
  4. The Great Compromise

12
Decision 3
  • Question
  • What to do about slavery?
  • Answer
  • Many northerners wanted to end slavery they
    thought counting slaves for representation was
    unfair because they could not vote. Southerners
    refused to give in they threatened to walk out.
  • 3/5ths Compromise slaves would be counted for
    population and taxes in the South but they would
    only count for 3/5s of a white southerner.
    (5,000 slaves would count as 3,000). Neither
    side was really happy with this.

13
3/5ths Compromise
14
Decision 4
  • Question
  • Answer
  • How should trade be controlled?
  • The slave trade could only be made illegal after
    20 years.
  • Result The slave trade remained untouched
    leading to the expansion of slavery into new
    states bigger and bigger problem!
  • National government would control trade between
    states (interstate commerce) and the states would
    control trade within their borders.

15
Trade Compromises
16
What decisions were made about slavery at the
Constitutional Convention?
  1. The 3/5s Compromise
  2. The Virginia Plan
  3. The slave trade was outlawed
  4. The Great Compromise

17
What decision was made about trade?
  1. The government could control interstate commerce.
  2. Slavery would be allowed in all states for 20
    years.
  3. Each state could control trade
  4. The president could control trade with the
    Electoral College.

18
Decision 5
  • Question
  • Answer
  • What to do about an executive?
  • Had many options King, prime minister, and ?
  • Chose the idea of a President
  • Had to decide how to choose the president
  • Combined different ideas to form the Electoral
    College (indirect election).
  • Also decided the president would have a 4 year
    term with no limit to the amount of terms.

19
Executive Compromises
20
What decision was made about the Executive Branch?
  1. They would not have one.
  2. They would have a president chosen by the people
  3. They would have a president chosen by the
    Electoral College.
  4. The president would be chosen by Congress.

21
Why was a convention called?
  1. To make a new government
  2. To solve the arguments of representation and
    slavery
  3. To revise or fix the Articles of Confederation
  4. To solve the arguments between the Federalists
    and Anti-Federalists.

22
What was the Virginia Plan?
  1. A plan to give small states equal representation
  2. A plan with a strong executive chosen by the
    Electoral College
  3. A plan with three branches that gave one vote to
    each state
  4. A plan with representation based on population.

23
What was the New Jersey Plan?
  1. A plan with three branches that gave each state
    one vote.
  2. A plan that gave power to big states.
  3. A plan with three branches based on population.
  4. A plan for a new government that was very
    different from the Articles of Confederation.

24
What solved the argument between the big and
small states?
  1. The 3/5s Compromise
  2. The Virginia Plan was accepted
  3. The plan to have a president.
  4. The Great Compromise.

25
What was the Great Compromise?
  1. A plan that gave power to all states because it
    gave each state equal power.
  2. A plan that created two houses, one based on
    population and the other was equal.
  3. An agreement to count 3/5s of the slaves for
    population.
  4. The agreement to end the slave trade after 20
    years.

26
What was the biggest argument at the
Constitutional Convention?
  1. Slavery
  2. Representation in Congress
  3. The Executive Branch
  4. The decision to start a new government.

27
What decision was made about trade?
  1. The government could control interstate commerce.
  2. Slavery would be allowed in all states for 20
    years.
  3. Each state could control trade
  4. The president could control trade with the
    Electoral College.

28
What decisions were made about slavery at the
Constitutional Convention?
  1. The 3/5s Compromise
  2. The Virginia Plan
  3. The slave trade was outlawed
  4. The Great Compromise
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