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A%20New%20Plan%20of%20Government

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Title: A%20New%20Plan%20of%20Government


1
A New Plan of Government
  • Chapter 7
  • Section 3

2
  • Roots of the Constitution
  • British System of Government
  • English Bill of Rights of 1689 provided an
    important model for the Americans
  • The Enlightenment promoted the idea that
    knowledge, reason, and science could improve
    society.
  • John Locke was an English philosopher who
    believed that all people have the right to life,
    liberty, and property.

3
  • The Federal System
  • Shared Powers---Federalism
  • Sharing of power between the Federal and State
    Government
  • The Constitution
  • The Constitution of the United States becomes the
    Supreme Law of the Land
  • Framers are the men who shaped the Constitution

4
  • The Organization of Government
  • The Legislative BranchLaw Makers
  • Congress could collect taxes, regulate trade and
    coin money
  • The Executive Branchheaded by a President
  • The President is INDIRECTLY elected by the
    Electoral College
  • President has the power of Veto
  • The Judicial Branch
  • 1. The Supreme Court and all lower federal courts

5
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6
  • D. System of Checks and Balances
  • 1. This prevents any one branch from
  • gaining to much power
  • E. National Citizens
  • 1. The new federal government pledged
  • to protect the personal freedoms of
    its
  • citizens

7
  • The Constitutional Debate
  • Federalist---those in favor of the new strong
    federal government
  • Most famous FederalistGeorge Washington and Ben
    Franklin
  • Ant-federalistfeared the central government
  • They thought that it would be a government by a
    small, educated group of individuals.
  • Thomas Jefferson Mercy Otis Warren
  • Protecting Rights---strongest criticism against
    the Constitution was it lacked a bill of Rights

8
  • Adopting the Constitution
  • New York and Virginia become the two most
    important to the future of the new government.
  • Delaware becomes first state to ratify the
    Constitution.
  • Rhode Island becomes the last state to ratify the
    Constitution.
  • The Bill of Rights were added to the Constitution
    in 1791Protecting Individual Freedoms

9
Those who opposed the Constitution feared the
national government would
  1. Take rights away from the people
  2. Limit the number of new states
  3. Limit trade
  4. Require religion to be practiced

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10
Thomas Jefferson belonged to this group
  • ANTIFEDERALIST

11
The belief that all people have a right to life,
liberty, and property was promoted by philosopher
  1. Baron de Montesquieu
  2. John Adams
  3. John Locke
  4. Benjamin Franklin

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12
Which was the last state to ratify the
Constitution?
  1. Rhode Island
  2. New York
  3. Maryland
  4. North Carolina

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13
Those that shaped the Constitution (s)
  • FRAMERS

14
The branch of government that deals with the
court system is called the
  1. Legislative branch
  2. Judicial branch
  3. Executive branch
  4. Constitutional branch

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15
Those that supported a strong national government
  • Federalist

16
The system that keeps any one branch from gaining
too much power
  1. Checks and balances
  2. Veto
  3. Impeachment
  4. Representation

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17
The branch of the government that is headed by
the president is called the
  1. Legislative branch
  2. Judicial branch
  3. Executive branch
  4. Constitutional branch

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18
This group elects the president
  1. Framers
  2. Constitutional College
  3. Electoral College
  4. The people

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