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Rat Dissection Species: Rattus norvegicus

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Title: Rat Dissection Species: Rattus norvegicus


1
Rat DissectionSpeciesRattus norvegicus
2
The Real Rattus norvegicus
3
Classification of Rattus norvegicus
  • Kingdom Animalia
  • Phylum Chordata
  • Class Mammalia
  • Order Rodentia
  • Family Muridae
  • Genus Rattus
  • Specific epithet norvegicus

4
Invasion of Rattus norvegicus
  • From Norway, around 1775

5
Why Dissect?
  1. To find out what the systems of a mammalian body
    look like and do, so you understand where things
    are in your own body and what they do!
  2. To discover what is physiologically normal and
    what is abnormal.

6
Why Use Rats?
  1. They are not in danger of going extinct (like
    some frogs).
  2. They are mammals and therefore are similar to
    you.
  3. They are raised for laboratory use, like
    dissections.
  4. They multiply FAST!!!
  5. Lab rats lack the cute factor like pet rats,
    bunnies, miceeven fetal pigs.

7
This Semesters Challenge Exploratory Surgery
  • We know from previous experience with lab rats
    that many have something wrong with them.
  • Find out if your rat has some sort of problem by
    performing an exploratory surgery!

8
To Dissect
  • Means to expose to view, not to chop up.
  • Never cut more than is absolutely necessary to
    expose a part
  • Observe all the structures and their connections
    to other structures

9
Tools
  • NO
  • Scalpels (usually)
  • YES
  • Scissors
  • Blunt Probe
  • Dissecting Needle
  • T Pins
  • Forceps

10
Tools
  • NO
  • Scalpels (usually)
  • YES
  • Scissors
  • Blunt Probe
  • Dissecting Needle
  • T Pins
  • Forceps

11
Tools
  • NO
  • Scalpels (usually)
  • YES
  • Scissors
  • Blunt Probe
  • Dissecting Needle
  • T Pins
  • Forceps

12
Tools
  • NO
  • Scalpels (usually)
  • YES
  • Scissors
  • Blunt Probe
  • Dissecting Needle
  • T Pins
  • Forceps

13
Tools
  • NO
  • Scalpels (usually)
  • YES
  • Scissors
  • Blunt Probe
  • Dissecting Needle
  • T Pins
  • Forceps

14
Questions to Ask Yourself
  • What are the relationships of organs and organ
    systems to one another?
  • REMEMBER STRUCTURE DETERMINES FUNCTION!
  • Think about
  • What organ system a part belongs to
  • How it is connected with other parts
  • Its general function
  • Its specific functions
  • Where it is in your body

15
Questions to Ask Yourself
  • On a Lab Test you will be expected to
  • Identify a structure
  • Name a structure
  • Explain its function
  • Be sure you know everything, not just your lab
    partners!

16
Questions to Ask Yourself
  • Quiz yourself and your lab partners. Go to
    other lab stations because on the test, you will
    look at several different rats, not just your own!

17
Systems we will Observe
  • Digestive
  • Excretory
  • Reproductive
  • Respiratory
  • Circulatory
  • Nervous (if time)

18
Rat Stats
  • Male
  • Buck Female Doe

19
Learn Both Sexes by Sight
  • Male
  • Buck Female Doe

20
Rat Stats
  • Young PupsAdult weight 175 - 350gBreeding
    life of female 12 - 18 monthsBreeding life of
    male 12 - 18 monthsLife expectancy 3 - 4
    years on average

21
Rat Stats
  • Oestrus Spontaneous cycle every 4 - 5 days and
    lasts for 10 - 20 hours.
  • Recurrence of oestrus post partum then end of
    lactation
  • Gestation 20 - 22 days

22
Rat Stats
  • Birth weight 5gSize of litter 8 - 12 on
    averageYoung are born blind and hairlessEyes
    open 14 daysWeaning age 21 days

23
To Begin
Get your rat, name it if you wish, and place it
on a dissecting tray. Tie down your rat as
directed in your lab sheets.
24
Rat Care
Write the names of the people in your group on a
plastic bag with permanent marker.Before you
begin each dissection day, rinse your rat off,
both inside and out. Do this gently so as not to
dislodge any parts
25
Rat Care
At the end of a dissection day, simply slip the
strings off the dissecting tray (do NOT cut them
or untie them from your rat) and put your rat
purse in the plastic bag
Place your bagged rat in the yellow trays at the
common lab area.
26
Instrument Care
Rinse your dissecting tray and turn it upside
down on a towel.Rinse AND DRY your instruments,
put them in their box, and leave the box OPEN so
I can check instruments and so they can air dry
more.
27
Glove Care
Write your name on both your gloves using a black
permanent marker.
Louise Baxter
Louise Baxter
28
Glove Care
When done for the dayWash your hands with your
gloves onDry your hands with your gloves
onPowder your gloved hands over the garbage
Pull off your gloves so they are inside out
Place your gloves somewhere in the room where you
will know where to find them (on top of a
cabinet, etc.) but NOT IN A DRAWER WITH A
COMPUTER!!!
29
Sketching
Each person makes their own sketches.SKETCH,
dont draw with shading, etc.Each sketch should
cover the entire space provided. Labels are to
all be horizontal, with arrows (or lines with
dots at the end) pointing to the appropriate
part.
30
Sketching
Your sketches should NOT be copied from another
person or from a picture. The parts that you are
sketching should be in enough detail that someone
who has never seen a rat could look at the
drawing and, from it, identify the proper
structure in a rat.
31
Sketching
Neatness and accuracy counts! WHOLE animal, with
parts in relationship to each other, not parts
separately.
32
Orientation
A
What directional terms would you apply to each
arrow?
B
D
C
E
G
F
H
33
Orientation
A
Dorsal back sideVentral front sideAnterior
toward the headPosterior toward the tail
B
D
C
E
G
F
H
34
Orientation
A
Medial toward the midline of the body or a
structure.Lateral furthest from the midline of
the body or a structure
B
D
C
E
G
F
H
35
Orientation
A
Proximal a point on a limb close to where that
limb is attached to the bodyDistal a point on
a limb far from where that limb is attached to
the body.
B
D
C
E
G
F
H
36
Orientation
Supine dorsal side down (tummy up) Prone
dorsal side up (tummy down)
37
Lets Do Exploratory Surgery!
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