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Building Business Systems Without Programmers?

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INTRODUCING Business Systems a quick history Business Systems are as old as business itself The medieval merchant used many systems in his business dealings ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Building Business Systems Without Programmers?


1
INTRODUCING
2
Building Business Systems
3
Building Business Systems
Without Programmers?
4
Building Business Systems Without Programmers?
5
Business Systems a quick history
  • Business Systems are as old as business itself
  • The medieval merchant used many systems in his
    business dealings probably not written down or
    recognised as systems but to be successful he
    had to develop ways to -
  • Find suppliers
  • Get merchandise to the market
  • Find customers
  • Develop competitive pricing
  • Decide what to stock how much
  • Where / how to make profits

6
The Origin of Modern Business Systems
  • Frederick Taylor (1856-1915) In 1911, he proposed
    work methods designed to increase worker
    productivity.
  • Henry Gantt (1861-1919) Henry Gantt developed the
    Gantt chart, which is used for scheduling
    multiple overlapping tasks over a time period.
  • Frank Gilbreth (1868-1924) Developed methods to
    break down a job into its component parts and
    streamline manufacturing processes.
  • Henri Fayol (1841--1925), developed a framework
    for studying Administrative management.
  • Mary Parker Follett's (1868-1933) concepts
    included the universal goal of organizations is
    an integration of individual effort into a
    synergistic whole.

7
57-year history of computers in business
  • 1951 UNIVAC-1 the 1st commercial computer for
    business
  • 1953 The 1st mainframe the IBM 701
  • 1954 FORTRAN the 1st successful high level
    programming language
  • 1958 The 1st Integrated Circuit (Chip)
  • 1969 The original Internet (ARPAnet)
  • 1970 Intel 1103 the world's 1st available
    dynamic memory chip
  • 1971 Intel 4004 the 1st microprocessor
  • 1971 The 1st floppy disk
  • 1973 The Ethernet computer network
  • 1978 VisiCalc Spreadsheet software
  • 1979 WordStar Word Processor
  • 1981 Microsoft MS-DOS
  • 1985 Microsoft Windows

8
The evolution of Computer Programming
  • In the 1950s the key innovations were programming
    languages such as Fortran and Lisp.
  • The 1960s and '70s saw a crusade to root out
    "spaghetti code and replace it with "structured
    programming.
  • Since the 1980s software development has been
    dominated by a methodology known as object-
    oriented programming, or OOP.
  • Now there are signs that OOP may be running out
    of oomph, and discontented programmers are once
    again casting about for the next big idea

9
Proliferation of Business Systems
  • From about 1985
  • Stock control
  • Order processing
  • Sales contact management
  • Database marketing
  • Booking systems
  • Scheduling
  • Payroll
  • Quality management
  • Sales management
  • Campaign management

10
Business Systems today - Enterprise Wide
  • 1990s
  • MRP (Manufacturing Resource Planning)
  • Accounting Systems
  • CRM (Customer Relationship Management)
  • ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning)
  • HR (Human Resource Management Systems)
  • Supply Chain Management Logistics
  • 1995 to present
  • Enterprise wide
  • Global Systems
  • On-line systems
  • E-Business Systems

11
Anatomy of a Business System
  • A business system is a mix of Hardware and
    Software
  • Hardware
  • The parts of the system that you can
  • hit with a hammer!
  • Software
  • those parts that you can only swear at!

12
Key elements of a Business System
  1. Database
  2. User Screens query facilities
  3. Processes
  4. Document Production
  5. Management Information Decision Support

13
Key elements of a Business System
  1. Database an efficiently indexed filing system

Relational files
Master Database
Data Sub-set
A
B
C
Query result-set
Retrieved record
14
Key elements of a Business System
  • 2. User screens query facilities

15
Key elements of a Business System
3. Processes
16
Key elements of a Business System
4. Reports and management information
17
What business systems must deliver
  • Increase customer satisfaction
  • Share corporate information
  • Streamline processes
  • Enhance user job-satisfaction
  • Regulate policy and external controls
  • Provide competitive edge
  • Increase profitability for the enterprise

18
Attributes of successful systems
  • Truly reflect the business processes
  • Take account of process variants
  • Quick to implement
  • Easy to learn, easy to use
  • Easy to support Maintain
  • Develop and grow in line with business change

19
Who are the key players involved in the
introduction of a new business System?
3 main groups involved
20
The key players..
  • Users
  • There are only two industries that refer to their
    customers as 'users
  • Programmers
  • The trouble with programmers is that you can
    never tell what they are doing until it's too
    late.
  • Systems Analysts work with users and
    programmers
  • Typical conversation
  • Systems analyst to programmer
  • "You start coding.  I'll go find out what the
    users want.

21
What the users asked for
22
What the analyst specified
23
What the programmers delivered
24
What the users really needed
25
Analysts Programmers
  • The Systems Analyst has to be able to understand
    the business processes goals and translate
    these into technical requirements.
  • The Software Engineer or Programmer has to be
    able to take the technical requirements and
    create software that meets them

26
Systems Development Process
Business Analyst Business Analyst Software Developer/ Programmer
27
Issues when introducing business systems
  • Software development is very hard to specify
    accurately, almost impossible to estimate and
    difficult to manage
  • Programming is very expensive and can be the
    major cost factor
  • The trouble with programmers is that you can
    never tell what a programmer is doing until it's
    too late
  • The delivery of a new system can be so drawn out
    that users get dissatisfied - and the business
    can have moved on during the development period

28
What have businesses done to reduce the cost of
Programming?
  • Out sourced IT projects
  • Off-shore development
  • Set up wholly-owned off-shore operations in low
    cost countries
  • Introduced less than optimum (reduced scope)
    solutions

29
What have business done to reduce the cost of
Programming?
  • These solutions have not really solved the
    problem in some cases have introduced others
  • Cultural / communication difficulties
  • Remote management of complex issues
  • Cost of travel
  • Less effective project management
  • Support inadequacies

30
A Better Solution
  • A better solution is to significantly reduce the
    amount of programming needed

Enter
31
Pyinna Builds Systems Automatically
  • Pyinna significantly reduces the amount of
    programming by building around 80 of the system
    automatically
  • Fully Auto Build -
  • Database
  • Screens
  • Query facilities
  • Semi Auto Build -
  • Processes
  • Documents

32
The PYINNA System Development Process
33
Pyinnas Secret Weapon
The Process Engine
34
Pyinna Benefits
35
Pyinna Benefits
  • Needing only 80 of the programming means
  • very significant cost savings
  • Implement systems in a fraction of the time
  • Where programming is required
  • you can afford to use a local team
  • far easier to manage
  • Many system expansion requirements can be done
    in house

36
How to Harness Pyinna.
  • We are IT System Creators specializing in
    internal business processes.
  • We create feature-rich software solutions that
    enable companies to manage their business data
    quickly and efficiently.
  • Most systems implementers would start from
    scratch.
  • We simply lay out your process on top of our
    development package and the work is done.
  • This will protect your business and staff from
    complex, drawn-out, technical developments.

37
How to Harness Pyinna.
  • In 30 minutes we can have you using a system that
    will immediately bring you benefits.
  • Let's make a start!
  • Interested?

38
Business Systems Without Programmers?
Weve got pretty close!
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