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Greek Democracy

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Greek Democracy & Golden Age Age of Pericles 461-429 B.C. Pericles Wise Power 32 years Skillful Politician Inspiring speaker Respected general 3 Goals of Pericles ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Greek Democracy


1
Greek Democracy Golden Age
2
Age of Pericles 461-429 B.C.
  • Pericles
  • Wise
  • Power 32 years
  • Skillful Politician
  • Inspiring speaker
  • Respected general

3
3 Goals of Pericles
  • Strengthen Athenian Democracy
  • Hold strengthen empire
  • Glorify Athens
  • How?

4
1. Stronger Democracy
  • Increase of paid public officials
  • Before only wealthy could hold office
  • Now everyone could
  • Result most citizens engaged in government
  • Direct Democracy
  • Citizens in rule directly not through
    reprehensive

5
2. Athenian Empire
  • Enlarge
  • Wealth
  • Power
  • Strengthen navy
  • Why?
  • 200 ship navy
  • Location to sea
  • Needed trade

6
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7
3. Glorifying Athens
  • used to beautify Athens
  • Bought gold, ivory, marble
  • Paid artisans to build from 447-432 B.C.
    created the Parthenon

8
Art
  • Parthenon
  • 23,000 ft²
  • Typical temple design
  • Built in honor of Athena
  • Greek sculpture
  • Statue of Athena
  • Goddess of wisdom
  • Athens protector
  • 38 foot tall w/ gold ivory in it
  • Wanted statues
  • Graceful
  • Strong
  • Perfectly formed
  • Faces showing serenity
  • Classical Art
  • Body in motion
  • Order
  • Balance
  • Proportion

9
Drama
  • 1st theaters built in west
  • Showed civic pride
  • Tribute to gods
  • Colorful costumes, masks, sets
  • Dramatize stories
  • Leadership
  • Justice
  • Duties owed to gods
  • Paid for by wealthy citizens

10
Tragedy Comedy
  • Serious drama w/ themes
  • Love
  • Hate
  • War
  • Betrayal
  • Tragic hero (main)
  • Tragic flaw leads to downfall
  • Hubris is biggest
  • 3 main playwrights
  • Aeschylus 80 plays
  • Sophocles 100 plays, Oedipus the King
  • Euripides
  • Slap stick
  • Crude humor
  • Satires
  • Aristophanes (most famous)
  • Made fun of the Athenian people government
  • Meaning?

11
Philosophers Search for Truth
  • PhilosophersLovers of Wisdom
  • Basic principles
  • Universe
  • Land
  • Sky
  • Sea
  • Understanding through logic reason

12
1. Socrates
  • Wanted people to examine themselves
  • Judge own morals
  • 399 B.C. (age 70) put on trial
  • Charged w/ corrupting youth
  • Neglecting citys gods

13
2. Plato
  • Socrates pupil
  • 28 when Socrates dies
  • 385-380 B.C. wrote The Republic
  • Perfect governed society
  • into 3 Groups
  • Farmers artisans
  • Warriors
  • Ruling class
  • Greatest insight from ruling class was
    Philosopher King
  • Dominated thought of Europe for 1,500 years

14
3. Aristotle
  • Platos pupil
  • Created basis for scientific method today
  • Method of arguing according to rules of logic
  • Famous pupils was Alexander
  • Son of King Philip of Macedonia
  • 343 B.C. took invitation to tutor 13 year old
    prince
  • 336 B.C. stopped when Alexander b/c king
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