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Margin Review Questions

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... Why did semi-democratic governments emerge in some ... Radicalized Athenian democracy-more want full citizenship ... over the W.Mediterranean ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Margin Review Questions


1
Chapter 4
  • Margin Review Questions

2
(No Transcript)
3
How did Persian and Greek civilizations differ in
their political organization and values?
  • Persians-Imperial political system built upon
    previous societies-Babylonian/Assyrian
  • Large geographic area-Egypt to India/35 million
    subjects
  • Cult of Kingship
  • Absolute rule
  • Administrative system-Satrap-twenty-three
    provinces/local leaders
  • Policy of respect for the conquered

4
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5
  • Greeks-Political organization(?)- hundreds of
    independent city-states each with 500-5000 male
    citizens/not an empire/colonies around the
    Mediterranean and Black Sea
  • Culture of popular participation based on the
    ideas of citizenship-starts from wealthy to the
    lower classes
  • Athens most democratic-Solon-end of Aristocratic
    rule/debt slavery/extends citizenship/paid-still
    half of population left out

6
Why did semi-democratic governments emerge in
some of the Greek city-states?
  • More men could afford weapons and serve in the
    military
  • Tyrants support the lower classes

7
What were the consequences for both sides of the
encounter between the Persians and the Greeks?
  • Little impact on the Persians
  • Pride for the Greeks-Greek freedoms were the
    reason they won
  • Establishes East/West divide-West represents
    freedom and the East represents despotism

8
  • Radicalized Athenian democracy-more want full
    citizenship-fifty years following the
    Greco-Persian wars see the high point of Athenian
    democracy
  • Golden Age of Greek Culture-Philosophy/Architectur
    e/Theater/Science
  • Civil War (Peloponnesian War)-weakens
    relationships opening the door for Alexander the
    Great (Macedonian)

9
What changes did Alexanders conquests bring in
their wake?
  • Widespread dissemination of Greek culture to
    Egypt, Mesopotamia and India
  • Establishment of cities

10
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11
How did Rome grow from a single city to the
center of a huge empire?
  • Values
  • 1. Rule of Law
  • 2. Rights of citizens
  • 3. Upright moral behavior-keeping ones
  • word
  • 4. Political system which offers
  • protection to all classes

12
  • Punic wars (with Carthage)-extends Roman control
    over the W.Mediterranean.Becomes a naval power.
  • Rich get richer. Poor want to get richer.
  • Location, Location, Location
  • Army-well trained/fed/rewarded
  • Political support for expansion

13
How and why did the making of the Chinese empire
differ from that of the Roman empire?
  • China old/Rome new
  • Preexisting traditions

14
How did the collapse of empire play out
differently in the Roman world and in China?
  • Only Western half of Roman empire. Eastern half
    continued as the Byzantine Empire.
  • Invaders from the north for both, but in the case
    of China, invaders adopt Chinese culture-Rome-No
  • China reemerges as an imperial state (Sui).
    Rome- no large centralized state emerges

15
Why were centralized empires so much less
prominent in India than in China?
  • India-failed to command the kind of loyalty and
    influence the Chinese were able to.
  • Cultural diversity
  • Invasions
  • Caste System
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