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Present Tense Regular Verbs

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Conjugation of Verbs in the Present Tense Present Tense Regular Objective Types of RegularVerbs Verbs that end in ar Verbs that end in er Verbs that end ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Present Tense Regular Verbs


1
Conjugation of Verbs in the Present Tense
2
Present TenseRegular
3
Objective
  • conjugate regular verbs in the present tense.

4
Types of RegularVerbs
  • Verbs that end in ar
  • Verbs that end in er
  • Verbs that end in ir

5
Here are some examples
  • Hablar
  • Comer
  • Vivir

6
hablar, comer, vivir(Infinitive forms)
  • hablar to speak
  • comer to eat
  • vivir to live

7
A verb has two partsa stem an ending
  • Habl
  • com
  • viv
  • ar
  • er
  • ir

8
English
  • When we form a sentence in English, we begin the
    sentence with a subject
  • The subject can be either a noun ora pronoun

9
English Subject Pronouns
  • I
  • You (familiar)
  • he, she, it, you (formal)
  • We
  • They, You (plural)

10
Spanish Subject Pronouns
  • Yo
  • él, ella, usted
  • Nosotros
  • ellos, ellas, ustedes

11
Que pasa aquí?
  • What happened to the it?

12
Since all Spanish nouns are either masculine or
feminine..
  • there is no Spanish subject pronoun for it.

13
When the subject is a singular masculine or
feminine noun,
  • we simply use the same ending on the verb that we
    would use if the subject was él or ella.(That
    would be the third person singular verb ending)

14
When the subject is a plural masculine or
feminine noun,
  • we simply use the same ending on the verb that we
    would use if the subject was ellos or ellas
    .(That would be the third person plural verb
    ending)

15
Enough of that confusion!
  • Lets move on to verb conjugation

16
As with English verbs, Spanish verbs must be
conjugated in order to make the verb agree with
the subject in person and number.
17
In order to make a Spanish verb agree with
the subject, we have to change its ending.
18
Present tense regular verb endings erverbs.
  • o
  • es
  • e
  • emos
  • en

19
The verb ending identifies the subject.
  • o I
  • es you (familiar)
  • e he, she, you (formal)
  • emos we
  • en they , you (plural)

20
Correspondingly, the subject dictates the verb
ending
  • I - o
  • You (familiar) - es
  • he, she, you (formal) -e
  • We - emos
  • They, you (plural) -en

21
The ending of a verb also tells us when the
action takes place.
22
(No Transcript)
23
First, lets look at a typical er verb
  • comer
  • (to eat)

24
In order to make the verb agree with the subject
we must ...
  • Drop the ending from the infinitive form .

25
Comer(infinitive form - to eat)
  • Drop the er ending
  • com

26
Remember the er verb endings????
  • o
  • es
  • e
  • emos
  • en

27
Stem ending
  • como
  • comes
  • come
  • comemos
  • comen

28
And, that means
  • I eat
  • You (familiar) eat
  • he eats,
  • she eats,
  • you (formal) eat
  • We eat
  • They eat, You (plural) eat

29
Finally, lets look at a typical ir verb
  • vivir
  • (to live)

30
Remember the ir verb endings????
  • o
  • es
  • e
  • imos
  • en

31
Stem ending
  • vivo
  • vives
  • vive
  • vivimos
  • viven

32
And, that means
  • I live
  • You (familiar) live
  • he lives, she lives, you (formal) live
  • We live
  • They live, You (plural) live

33
El Fin
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