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EXPLORING THE GENRE

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Title: EPICS AND LEGENDS Author: morallm Last modified by: e200702896 Created Date: 10/19/2005 2:21:20 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: EXPLORING THE GENRE


1
EPICS AND LEGENDS
  • EXPLORING THE GENRE

2
  • Great legends develop in every culture,
    reflecting the history and beliefs of the people
    who create them. These timeless stories serve two
    purposes

3
  • they explain the important events in the history
    of a people
  • they shape these events into a memorable and
    heroic form.

4
  • The various tales of different cultures become
    identifying marks. People of other cultures can
    read these stories and sense how the culture was
    shaped and what figures and issues are central to
    its history. These stories are often orally
    transmitted by bards or professional poets. Some
    details have changed, but the essential elements
    remain the same.
  • Who is this
  • and where is
  • it from?

5
Two types of folk literature to be covered
  • Epic- a long narrative poem about the deeds of
    gods or heroes in war or travel
  • Legend- a widely told story about the past that
    may or may not have a foundation in fact. Most
    legends have some basis in history, but the
    details may have become lost or obscured through
    centuries of retelling and embellishment.
  • Prentice Hall Literature

6
Elements of Epic Literature
  1. Larger-than-life hero
  2. Virtues as well as failings are revealed
  3. The Hero Cycle
  4. Vast Settings
  5. Courageous Deeds
  6. Supernatural or Spiritual Beings

7
Elements of Epic Literature(cont.)
  • 7. Story begins in media res
  • 8. An Invocation (The Iliad, The Odyssey, Star
    Wars)

8
Elements of Epic Literature(cont.)
  • 9.Histories and descriptions of significant items
  • 10.Epic similes
  • 11.Epithets

9
Elements of Epic Literature(cont.)
  • 12.Journey to the underworld
  • 13.Use of the number three(3)
  • 14.Previous episodes in the story are later
    recounted - Flashback
  • 15.Provides an explanation for some of the
    circumstances or events in the history of
    a people

10
Examples of Epics
  • The Iliad
  • The Odyssey
  • Beowulf
  • The Epic of Gilgamesh
  • Star Wars Series
  • Indiana Jones Series
  • The Lion King
  • The Matrix
  • Finding Nemo

11
Examples of Epics (cont.)
  • The Harry Potter Series
  • The Lord of the Rings Series

12
Questions
  • What is an epic?
  • How does it differ from other types of
    storytelling?
  • How have epics traditionally been transmitted
    from generation to generation?
  • How do the tellers remember these long and
    complicated stories?
  • What are the elements of an epic?

13
  • Strategies for Reading Epics and Legends

14
1. Recognize the Authors Attitude
  • An authors attitude is the way they feel about a
    subject. It is reflected in the way that
    characters and events are presented. Notice the
    details and events in the writing and think about
    the message that is being conveyed-either
    directly or indirectly.
  • 2. Compare and Contrast
  • One characters behavior and actions to others in
    the story
  • One epic or legend with another to determine
    which themes or ideas are universal and which
    are unique to a culture

15
3. Draw Inferences About Culture
  • Use the details and descriptions to draw
    inferences about the cultures beliefs, values,
    and customs in a given period. These are usually
    revealed through the experiences of the hero or
    heroine.
  • 4. Analyze a Storytellers Purpose
  • The information in most epics and legends was
    passed on to preserve the history and values of a
    culture.
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