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Greek and Roman Mythology

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Greek and Roman Mythology Man is nothing without the Gods The Odyssey Mythology It was the ancient Greeks way to explain the unexplainable in an ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Greek and Roman Mythology


1
Greek and Roman Mythology
Man is nothing without the Gods The Odyssey
2
Mythology
  • It was the ancient Greeks way to explain the
    unexplainable in an unpredictable and mysterious
    universe.
  • They believed that everything in their everyday
    lives was impacted by the gods/goddesses.

3
Homer
  • Blind minstrel
  • Lived 3000 years ago (700-800 B.C.)
  • Composed both epic poems, the Odyssey and the
    Iliad

4
The Iliad
  • Written around 750 B.C., approximately 30 years
    before the Odyssey
  • Deals with one episode of the Trojan War, the
    celebrated conflict between the Greeks and the
    inhabitants of Troy
  • At the end of the 10 year battle, Odysseus
    proclaims his success without paying proper
    homage to the gods and is punished by being sent
    on a 10 year voyage

5
The Odyssey
  • The 10 year voyage of Odysseus, also known as
    Ulysses, to get home to his island home, Ithaca
  • Written around 720 B.C.
  • The gods are not perfect, often argue, and play
    important roles in the lives of the characters
  • Athena is particularly impressed by Odyssues and
    is his protector throughout his journey
  • The majority of his journey is told as Odysseus
    has nearly made it home and recounts the past

6
Epic Poem
  • Long narrative spanning many years
  • Complex in language, yet simple in message
  • Follows a particular poetic pattern, dactylic
    hexameter
  • It is the journey of an epic hero used to teach a
    lesson or moral

7
Epic Hero
  • Embarks on a journey/adventure
  • Quest is marked by tests and trials
  • Faithful to country, family, and a god
  • Is brave, yet feels fear
  • Displays hubris (pride and arrogance) which leads
    to challenges and obstacles
  • Intelligent, physically strong, and cunning

8
Foundations of Greek Life
What did the Greeks value as a society?
  • Family
  • Friends
  • Home/Hearth
  • Hospitality

9
Greek Terms
  • kleos identity
  • oikos community
  • nostos return/going back
  • nostoi coming home
  • hubris pride/arrogance

10
Mythology is All Around US
  • Hermes and his winged shoes are in the FTD logo,
    indicating speedy messages.
  • Atlas had to carry the world on his shoulders
    just as an atlas carries maps of the world.
  • The iris in your eye allows you to see color as
    Iris is the goddess of the rainbow.
  • Cupid is still used to make people fall in love.
  • What other examples can you find?

11
Why do we need to learn about Mythology?
  • Knowing mythology and the origin of many items
    found in your daily lives is a sign of
    intelligence and literacy.
  • It is the foundation of our civilization and is
    literally translated to mean community.
  • Our literary archetypes are based on mythology
    the hero, trickster, villain, fool, etc.
  • There are mythological references made
    frequently in literature.
  • You might be able to answer the million
    dollar question.

12
What is the difference between a myth, fairy
tale, legend, etc.?
  1. Fairy tale a simple story that deals with
    supernatural beings, told primarily for the
    benefit of children simple messages are used
    such as The good guy always wins.
  2. Fable Usually a story in which animals act and
    talk like human beings to get a message across
    for example the tortoise that shows that the
    slow, sure and steady can win a race.
  3. Parable Objects and people are used in a story
    to get across a message. For example, the
    biblical story about the tiny mustard seed
    growing into a giant, strong plant.

13
  1. Legend a story that got its start from some
    actual event in the past, but got exaggerated as
    time went on.
  2. Myth a story that helps to explain some
    unexplainable event for example lightning, how
    the earth was created, etc.
  3. Science fiction present day myths that deal
    with the unknown such as space, ESP, mental
    telepathy, etc.
  4. Epic a long story-poem about the adventures of
    a hero such as Odysseus.
  5. Folk Tale a fictional story, usually told
    orally, that tells a timeless story about
    traditions and beliefs of a group of people.
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