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Tourism and the Environment


Tourism and the Environment Carrying Capacity (How Many is too Many) Physical Capacity: limit on actual # of users that can be accommodated in a region – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Tourism and the Environment

Tourism and the Environment
  • Carrying Capacity (How Many is too Many)
  • Physical Capacity limit on actual of users
    that can be accommodated in a region
  • ie, of roads, size of parking lots, etc.
  • Environmental Capacity limit on of users
    before a destination is undesirable
  • ie, subjectively defined, and varies by season
  • Ecological Capacity max level of users in an
    area, before ecological damage is incurred
  • ie, varies by visitor type

Determining Carrying Capacities
  • of visitors
  • Amount of use per visitor
  • Quality of resource mgmt design
  • of area residents and their needs
  • Related to quality of life
  • of other users of the resources
  • ie, industrial users and farmers/ranchers

Environmental Impacts
  • Annoying (crowded) to Destructive
  • Air Pollution
  • Noise Pollution
  • Crowding
  • Vegetation/Wildlife harm
  • Historic site deterioration

Environmental Dimensions
  • Images
  • Result from cognitive maps
  • Perception of place, when not there (marketing)
  • Organic
  • Developed thru visitation, pictures, friends
  • Induced
  • Generated through marketing (staged)
  • Imagery expectations satisfaction

Social Cultural Impacts
  • Culture practices of a society
  • Tourism can positively effect
  • More money for a community
  • Improves standard of living and education
  • bring people together peace, new tastes
  • increases critical mass (trinkets!)
  • Can preserve historical/natural sites

Consequences of Tourism on Culture
  • Social Carrying Capacity
  • Demonstration Effect ( resentment)
  • Loss of Culture and Traditional jobs
  • Best jobs go to foreigners
  • Crime and moral character change
  • Loss or change of Language
  • Acculturation!

EcoTourism Principles
  • Tourism should blend in w/ local culture
  • ie, matching architecture to locale
  • Focus on existing scenic/activity opps
  • Local ownership/mngmt of services
  • High proportion of local materials used
  • Use native supplies, food, etc.
  • Resource Conservation Ecotechniques
  • solar power, use of rain water, etc.

Environmental Principles
  • Social vs. Physical
  • give ambience/atmosphere
  • Authenticity! (the feel or flavor)
  • Really seeing and experiencing a place
  • Staged authenticity
  • Emerging authenticity over time
  • Environmental Perception
  • Built on collection of images (effects MKT)

Mass Tourism vs. Green/Eco
  • Mass Tourism
  • Large
  • Unplanned
  • Uncontrolled
  • Poor labor education
  • Scattered dvlpmt.
  • to multi-national
  • Benefits?
  • Alternative
  • Small Scale
  • Planned
  • Controlled
  • Preservation
  • Local Development
  • stays local
  • Shared Benefits

As a Positive Force!!
  • Fosters Conservation of Wildlands
  • Fosters Conservation of Wildlife
  • Preserves Historic Buildings
  • Communities Prosper Rejuvenates
  • City Center (Main Street Program)
  • Versus tourists use, abuse leave!