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Hazing: The Impact


Hazing: The Impact Dan Bureau Assistant Dean of Students University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign What I am and What I am not Don t love talking about hazing Have ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Hazing: The Impact

Hazing The Impact
  • Dan Bureau
  • Assistant Dean of Students
  • University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign

What I am and What I am not
  • Dont love talking about hazing
  • Have knowledge and have dealt with it quite often
  • Not an expert on policy but I know where to look
    to find them
  • Have not done extensive research
  • Committed to the fraternal movement
  • Perception that hazing serves a purpose

Hazing Re-defined
  • Denial of the problem of hazing and dismissing
    hazing as harmless are two major barriers to
    eliminating hazing and promoting positive change.
    The following definition is offered to help
    address these common myths about hazing
  • Hazing is a serious social problem. (See problems
    with hazing)
  • Hazing is about power and control over others.
  • Hazing is humiliating and degrading.
  • Hazing harms people.
  • Hazing hurts relationships and group trust.
  •   Hazing is not simply about the particular
    activitybut the power dynamics operating within
    the group around the activity.

All these policies! (can you read the small
  • http//www.odos.uiuc.edu/greek/bfahazing.asp
  • http//www.odos.uiuc.edu/greek/bsahazing.asp

More policies!
  • FIPG Policy on Hazing
  • the Industry Standard for Fraternities
  • No chapter, colony, student (pledge or member) or
    alumnus shall conduct nor condone hazing
    activities. Hazing activities are defined as
  • Any action taken or situation created,
    intentionally, whether on or off fraternity
    premises, to produce or causes mental or physical
    discomfort, embarrassment, harassment, or
    ridicule. Such activities may include but are
    not limited to the following use of alcohol
    paddling in any form creation of excessive
    fatigue physical and psychological shocks
    quests, treasure hunts, scavenger hunts, road
    trips or any other such activities carried on
    outside or inside of the confines of the chapter
    house kidnappings, whether by pledges or active
    members wearing of public apparel which is
    conspicuous and not normally in good taste
    engaging in public stunts and buffoonery morally
    degrading or humiliating games and activities
    and any other such activities that are not
    consistent with academic achievement, fraternal
    law, ritual or policy, or the regulations and
    policies of the educational institution, or
    applicable state law.

State Law
  • Illinois Hazing Law
  • 720 ILCS 120/0.01.  Short title
  •  Sec. 0.01. Short title. This Act may be cited as
    the Hazing Act.
  • 720 ILCS 120/5.  Hazing    Sec. 5. Hazing. A
    person commits hazing who knowingly requires the
    performance of any act by a student or other
    person in a school, college, university, or other
    educational institution of this State, for the
    purpose of induction or admission into any group,
    organization, or society associated or connected
    with that institution if (a) the act is not
    sanctioned or authorized by that educational
    institution and (b) the act results in bodily
    harm to any person.
  • 720 ILCS 120/10.  Sentence    Sec. 10.
    Sentence. Hazing is a Class A misdemeanor, except
    hazing that results in death or great bodily harm
    is a Class 4 felony.

Chapter Leadership Beware!
  • Criminal law has frequently resulted in chapter
    leadership aware of hazing being tried and
    sentenced for failing to stop the activity
  • Cases are emerging where by-stander
    responsibility is growing. If you are aware of
    activities, you have the ability to attempt to
    stop it. Failure to do so results in not meeting
    your duty of care.

National Policies
  • Know policies on hazing and pledging
  • Ignorance is not an excuse
  • Have dialogue with headquarters (nationals) -
    some activities can be adapted

The spectrum of hazing
  • Activities defined as hazing are hazing
    activities however, I often will use a spectrum
    to determine where activities fall

The spectrum of hazing
  • A type activities things such as interviews,
    wearing the same t-shirt on a specific day of the
    week, cleaning the house

This does not mean that I think these are not
hazing activities and you should always consult
your state law, campus and headquarters
policy. Any of these instances would be
investigated by me. I do think these types of
activities can be preserved with some tweaking
such as involving active members, not involving
alcohol, and having the same expectations for all
members to complete the task.
The spectrum of hazing
  • B this would involve kidnappings/road trips,
    engaging in public stunts such as streaking,
    keeping pledges up late, pledge swaps, any
    activities from A could also be here depending on
    context and other credentials

These will always be interpreted as hazing
activities but they are probably not likely to
have a long term mental impact or cause physical
harm. Intent is highly evaluated in this
category. Any of these instances would be
investigated by me. Context and intent would be
very important to evaluate as some of these
could move to an A level though most could easily
move to a C, D level when involving alcohol.
The spectrum of hazing
  • C creation of excessive fatigue, anything that
    makes someone feel uncomfortable, anything that
    involves hitting, blindfolding, anything
    involving sexual connotations, restrictions on
    contact with individuals outside of the
    organization, anything that involves personal
    risk. Anything in A or B if it involves alcohol
    or drugs and requires pledges to do something
    risky or inappropriate to complete the task.

All of these are hazing activities that would
assuredly result in a discipline hearing and
sanctioning. This is where the hazing becomes
more severe and can be more harmful. All of these
could be a D or E depending on context. None of
them would be a B or A in my opinion.
The spectrum of hazing
  • D anything physical that results in injury, any
    activities that mentally degrade or humiliate
    individuals, any effort to intentionally injure
    another person, hitting (wood/paddling), forced
    consumption of alcohol, leaving people in the
    woods to find their way home, taking anything on
    A,B and C and using force, alcohol or other
    manner to jeopardize a person

All of these would result in some sort of
probation and/or suspension of the organization.
The spectrum of hazing
  • E alcohol consumption resulting in transport of
    individual life placed in jeopardy. Anything
    that involves complete and utter humiliation of
    individuals. All physical hazing resulting in
    short-term or permanent damage to an individual.

These activities are unquestionably hazing. My
recommendation would be removal from campus for a
specified period of time.
  • Hazing is subjective
  • People interpret differently
  • Sanctioning could vary
  • Participants have different thresholds
  • Universities and lawyers will cover their butts!
  • Policies exist to address multifaceted issue

Study done by Cornell University
  • In the study surveying about 700 undergraduates
    at Cornell University, an Ivy League school, just
    6.7 percent reported they had been a hazer, while
    almost twice as many -- 12.4 percent -- reported
    they had been hazed.
  • The hazing environment is one where people rarely
    feel empowered to impact change or walk away.
  • "People felt like they needed social support to
    get out of a hazing situation, and if all of your
    friends are in the group, it's going to be

The Impact of Hazing
  • Community (both here and nationally)
  • Organization
  • Individual

  • How would you define values?
  • What are Greek values?
  • Friendship
  • Leadership
  • Scholarship
  • Service

Your organization
  • What does your mission statement mean?
  • What purpose does it serve?

Hazing contradicts with our purpose
  • Share purposes of some of Greek organizations

Your Greek Community Mission Examined
  • Our Mission
  • As members of fraternities and sororities at the
    University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign,we are
    committed to ensuring our success as students and
    invested partners in ourorganizations through
    celebrating friendship, leadership, scholarship,
    service, and socialadvancement while
    appreciating the diversity of our member
  • http//www.odos.uiuc.edu/greek/communitystatement.

Where does Hazing Fit in our Mission?
  • Our missions clearly state that our organizations
    produce friendships, advance personal and
    professional development, help others through
    service, provide leadership, assist in
    scholarship, and provide connections to others
    through common values

Three plead guilty to charges in alleged hazing
death PLATTSBURGH, N.Y.-- Three more members
of the Phi Epsilon Chi fraternity pleaded guilty
Monday to charges stemming from the death of a
Plattsburgh State student who police say was
forced to drink pitchers of water through a
funnel while pledging.
Student sues U. Toledo, sorority for hazing
incident A University of Toledo student is
suing the Sigma Gamma Rho sorority and the
university for 25,000 for injuries she said
resulted from a hazing incident last March.
Scholar alleges hazing by fraternity
brothers A Woodruff Scholar who was
hospitalized and arrested after spring break for
issues relating to bipolar disorder, has accused
some of his Kappa Alpha Psi fraternity brothers
of hazing him during last years pledge process,
and drugging him and his girlfriend during
spring break this year.
Emory University 2004
Alcohol-related deaths at colleges this fall
raise long-standing question for administrators -
what can be done?It's a sad but recurring
campus story This autumn, students are again
drinking themselves to death
A national newspaper 2004
People picking on us?
  • The Greek System Nationally Under Attack? (a.k.a.
    were doing dumb stuff and people are telling us
    to stop it)
  • There is no answer for what we are doing other
    than stopping it. Community Service and good
    grades mean jack when were killing people and
    putting them in jeopardy

  • Credibility happens when espoused values are
    congruent with actions. Leaders who state what
    they believe in are frequently asked to model
    those beliefs through their actions.

What is our reputation?
  • Reputation is human collateral, the security we
    pledge against the performance of our obligations
    as leaders, friends, colleagues, and
    constituentsReputation is to be cherishedA
    damaged one lowers peoples estimation of a
    leaders worth and their motivation to
    followKouzes and Posner, p. 25).

  • We are saying we do these amazing things
  • We are being exposed for the things we dont want
    to talk about that we do
  • We wonder why we have no credibility with some

Hazings impact on your organization
  • Student organizations cite many "reasons" for
    hazing including building character, fostering
    teamwork, forming a common bond among new
    members, proving loyalty, carrying on
    "tradition," testing endurance, and serving as a
    contrived rite of passage.
  • From http//tuintranet.tiffin.edu/sild/hazing.htm
    - Tiffin University in Ohio

Hazing Builds Pledge Class Unity
  • Some hazing activities do indeed allow for pledge
    classes to bond.however
  • It is often times through fear of the unknown
  • It stratifies the organization and the pledge
    class can often fail to connect with older
  • Pledging is intense, then you have no

Patterns of Involvement in Chapters
  • Typically new members and pledges have the most
    work to do.
  • Gradually, as you get older you can do less and
    less because the pledges will do it for you. This
    creates a pattern where many members gradually
    move away from the organization.
  • Arent we supposed to be members for life?

Pledges are viewed as providing a service.
  • Cleaning the house
  • Attending the events for the older members
  • Doing errands
  • Entertainment for active members
  • Bullying have you ever seen a 52 man get away
    with yelling in the face of a 63 man?
  • Drinking the more they drink the better you
    think your reputation is
  • "Hazing is like having a human Playstation."

Arent we based on common values?
  • Then shouldnt we prove the worthiness of
    pledges to earn membership through their actions
  • Academics
  • Leadership
  • Serving others
  • Being a Good friend
  • Helping with the planning of activities and
    events to make the chapter look good

Closet Greeks
  • People who wont reveal their affiliations
    because of what they endured or did in college
  • I was a (fill in the blank)
  • Parents/Siblings
  • Know the stuff that goes on
  • Wont let their kids/brothers/sisters join
  • Long term impact of hazing is detrimental to
    lifelong membership (and involvement)

One bad apple.
  • Sometimes it is just a few people who ruin things
  • Individuals in your organizations can ruin the
    experience for all
  • Individuals can put your organizations future on
    the line..

If hazing is so great..
  • If we were honest, would they join?
  • If hazing is so great, why don't we talk about
  • Call a spade a spade.

History in Jeopardy
  • Since 1872, 114 organizations have been a part of
    our Greek Community
  • 1st Fraternity Delta Tau Delta, 1872
  • 1st Sororities Kappa Alpha Theta Pi Beta Phi,
  • 1st historically African American Fraternity
  • Kappa Alpha Psi, 1913
  • 1st historically African American Sorority
  • Alpha Kappa Alpha, 1914
  • 1st Latin Co-Ed Fraternity Greek-letter
  • Alpha Psi Lambda, 1986
  • 1st historically Asian-American Fraternity
  • Lambda Phi Epsilon, 1997
  • 1st historically Asian-American Sorority
  • Alpha Kappa Delta Phi, 2001
  • 6300 Greek Students at Illinois
  • 22 of the Undergraduate population
  • 90 chapters (32 sororities 58 fraternities)
  • 63 Chapter Houses- Certified Housing by University

The Impact on the Individual

Hazing impacts well-being
  • Health Issue vs. Policy Issue
  • Spectrum of hazing well being is holistic and
    subjective even minor hazing can have strong
    negative impact on individuals

Mental Health Statistics
  • 1 in 3 college students are depressed
  • 1 in 4 contemplates suicide
  • http//news-info.wustl.edu/tips/page/normal/4198.h
  • 82 percent of depressed individuals drink alcohol
  • 56 percent of them indicate that they drink to
    get drunk
  • 23 percent of students who are depressed and
    drank indicate having five or more harms from
  • Harvard School of Public Health

Eating Disorders
  • In the United States, as many as 10 million
    females and 1 million males are fighting a life
    and death battle with an eating disorder such as
    anorexia or bulimia. Approximately 25 million
    more are struggling with binge eating disorder
    (Crowther et al., 1992 Fairburn et al., 1993
    Gordon, 1990 Hoek, 1995 Shisslak et al., 1995).
  • The Prevalence of Eating Disorders Because of the
    secretiveness and shame associated with eating
    disorders, many cases are probably not reported.
    In addition, many individuals struggle with body
    dissatisfaction and sub-clinical disordered
    eating attitudes and behaviors. For example, it
    has been shown that 80 of American women are
    dissatisfied with their appearance (Smolak,
  • http//www.nationaleatingdisorders.org/p.asp?WebPa

Sexual Abuse
  • 10-20 percent of all boys are sexually abused in
    some way
  • (http//www.prevent-abuse-now.com/stats.htmChild)
  • 80 percent of rape victims will suffer from
    chronic physical or psychological conditions over
    time (1995, Strategies for the Treatment and
    Prevention of Sexual Assault).

Peer Pressure and its influence
  • Peer Pressure is as strong in college as it is
    growing up.
  • First opportunity to address peer pressure
    without the day to day influence of
  • People do not walk away from the organization due
    to the pressure they feel to stay, sometimes to
    stay and save others.
  • leaving the fraternity/sorority can greatly
    impact your social status and relationships on
    the greater campus.

Do you want to risk it?
  • You never know the background of the people that
    are joining your organization.
  • Hazing can bring back memories of violence,
    self-esteem issues, and affect mental illness and
  • If were about friendship and helping people be
    better, why would we risk breaking them to a
    point of no return?

Common Barriers to Changing a Hazing Culture
  • In order to make meaningful change, it is
    important to identify the key barriers to change
    and work on dismantling these. Common barriers to
    eliminating hazing include
  • Denial of the problem
  • Dismissing hazing as harmless
  • Silence
  • Fear
  • Insufficient support for victims of hazing
  • Cultural norms that promote acceptance of hazing
    as normal
  • Hazing is a complex social problem with no easy
    answers. Those of us who have worked with groups
    to transform a hazing culture know there are many
    challenges to making meaningful change. However,
    we must not forget that every individual has an
    important role to play in helping to solve the
    problem of hazing. Each individual action can
    make a difference. Together, we can continue to
    build awareness and develop effective
    intervention and prevention strategies to
    eliminate harmful hazing!

  1. Ask yourself, would you want your
    (mother/father/administrator) to watch the
    activity. If the answer is no or you are not
    sure, stop the activity.
  2. Talk with administrators about how to take hazing
    practices and make them non-hazing practices. I
    have yet to meet a Greek Advisor who would turn
    in a chapter for coming to them with this
    problem. It would be the actions that follow that
    would or would not make me turn in the chapter.

Recommendations contd
  • 3. Set mutual expectations for ALL members. You
    can have expectations for pledges/aspirants/new
    members but expectations should be the same for
    anyone. Ramifications for not meeting
    expectations should be the same for anyone.
  • 4. Evaluate the actions your chapter takes when
    new members fail to meet acceptable expectations.
    If hazing is going on, then stop it. Create a
    culture where they will want to meet
    expectations, not one where they do so because
    they are afraid.

Recommendations contd
  • 5. Always ask if there is something different
    that can be done to accomplish the same thing as
    hazing activities do. If you need help coming up
    with these activities, ask your national
    organization and your Greek Advisor.
  • 6. Know the policies.
  • 7. Remember the mission of your organization is
    not to break them down and recreate them but to
    take good people and make them better through the
    mission and values of your organization

Recommendations contd
  • 8. If the only people who know and attempt to
    enforce your policies are your national
    organizations and your Greek Advisor, then they
    will always be the ones who hold you accountable.
    You dont want this.
  • Councils should have a mechanism to hold their
    chapters responsible (honest conversation, secret

Recommendations contd
  • And finally..
  • Accept hazing as a serious problem that can
    impact your community, your organization and
  • Accept that hazing is about wielding power over
    others and is nothing more than bullying
  • Over the long run hazing will hurt a group and
    will impact a persons trust and dedication to an
  • Your help is needed to address this issue and
    preserve the future of Greek organizations

Dan BureauAssistant Dean of
StudentsUniversity of Illinois Urbana-Champaign
  • dbureau_at_uiuc.edu
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