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Introduction to SAE


Title: No Slide Title Author: Gary E. Moore Last modified by: Iredell-Statesville Schools Created Date: 12/6/1998 9:44:20 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Introduction to SAE

Introduction to SAE
Read this carefully!
Wanted Landscape Maintenance worker, Operate a
lawn mower and power blower. Need a person who
can work with out supervision. Experience
required. Call 515-7743.
Read this carefully!
Vet Assistant needed. Mayflower Animal Hospital
needs an experienced individual to work 20 hours
a week. Duties including bathing animals,
grooming and feeding of animals. Apply in person
at 316 Walnut Street.
Read this carefully!
Wanted Dependable person to handle over the
counter sales in a busy garden center. Pay is
7.50 an hour. Neat appearance important along
with the ability to work with people. Experience
in working with plants a must. Call 515-2396 for
an interview.
What was the same in all 3 ads?
  • Each advertisement wanted the person to be
    experienced. People who have experience have the
    edge in landing a job. But
  • How do you get experience without first having a
  • How do you get a job without first having

Gaining Experience!!
  • Question
  • How can you gain experience to get a job (or
    prepare for college)?
  • Answer
  • Supervised Agricultural Experience (SAE)

What is SAE?
  • Supervised Agricultural Experience (SAE) Programs
    consist of planned practical activities conducted
    outside of class time in which students develop
    and apply what they are learning in horticulture

How Does a SAE Help Me?
  • Develop skills that can be used in getting a job
  • Provides the opportunity to make money
  • Develops skills that can be used in starting you
    own business
  • Helps development managementskills

How Does a SAE Help Me...?
  • Learn record keeping skills
  • Improves analytical and decision making skills
  • Teaches responsibility
  • Provides the opportunity to explore possible

How Does a SAE Help Me...?
  • Develops knowledge and skills that could be
    helpful in college, as a hobby or for recreation.
  • Provides the opportunity to win awards FFA
    proficiency awards are based on the SAE program.
    In addition to winning awards, money can be won
    at regional, state and national levels

How Does a SAE Help Me...?
  • FFA degrees are partially based on the SAE. You
    must have a SAE program to advance.
  • In order to be a state or national officer, you
    first must have an advanced FFA degree which is
    partially based on SAE.
  • Could help the grade in Agriculture class.

Types of SAE
  • Entrepreneurship
  • Placement
  • Research
  • Experimental
  • Non-Experimental
  • Exploratory
  • Improvement
  • Supplemental

  • The student plans, implements, operates and
    assumes financial risks in a farming activity or
    agricultural business. In Entrepreneurship
    programs, the student owns the materials and
    other required inputs and keeps financial
    records to determine return to investments.

Entrepreneurship examples
  • Growing an acre of corn
  • Operating a Christmas tree farm
  • Raising a litter of pigs
  • Running a pay-to-fish operation
  • Growing bedding plants in the school greenhouse
  • Owning and operating a lawn care service
  • A group of students growing a crop of poinsettias

  • Placement programs involve the placement of
    students on farms and ranches, in agricultural
    businesses, in school laboratories or in
    community facilities to provide a "learning by
    doing" environment. This is done outside of
    normal classroom hours and may be paidor

Placement Examples
  • Placement in a florist shop
  • Working after school at a farm supply store.
  • Working on Saturdays at a riding stable
  • Working in the school greenhouse after school and
    on weekends and holidays
  • Placement on a general livestock farm

  • An extensive activity where the student plans and
    conducts a major agricultural experiment using
    the scientific process. The purpose of the
    experiment is to provide students "hands-on"
    experience in
  • 1. Verifying, learning or demonstrating
    scientific principles in agriculture.
  • 2. Discovering new knowledge.
  • 3. Using the scientific process.

Research Examples
  • Comparing the effect of various planting media on
    plant growth
  • Determining the impact of different levels of
    protein on fish growth
  • Comparing three rooting hormones on root
  • Determining if phases of the moon have an effect
    on plant growth

Examples, continued
  • Analyzing the effectiveness of different display
    methods on plant sales in a garden center
  • Demonstrating the impact of different levels of
    soil acidity on plant growth
  • Determining the strength of welds using different
    welding methods

  • There are two major types of Research Projects -
    Experimental and Non-Experimental. The previous
    slides described experimental. The two slides
    that follow describe non-experimental research.

Non-Experimental Research
  • Students choose an agricultural problem that is
    not amenable to experimentation and design a plan
    to investigate and analyze the problem. The
    students gather and evaluate data from a variety
    of sources and then produce some type of
    finished product.

Non-Experimental Examples
  • A marketing plan for an agricultural commodity
  • A series of newspaper articles about the
  • A land use plan for a farm
  • A landscape design for a community facility
  • An advertising campaign for an agribusiness

  • Exploratory SAE activities are designed primarily
    to help students become literate in agriculture
    and/or become aware of possible careers in
    agriculture. Exploratory SAE activities are
    appropriate for beginning agricultural students
    but is not restricted to beginning students.

Exploratory Examples
  • Observing and/or assisting a florist
  • Growing plants in a milk jug "greenhouse"
  • Assisting on a horse farm for a day
  • Interviewing an agricultural loan officer in a
  • Preparing a scrapbook on the work of a
  • Attending an agricultural career day

Improvement (minor component)
  • Improvement activities include a series of
    learning activities that improves the value or
    appearance of the place of employment, home,
    school or community the efficiency of an
    enterprise or business, or the living conditions
    of the family. An improvement activity involves
    a series of steps and generally requires a
    number of days for completion.

Improvement Examples
  • Landscaping the home
  • Building a fence
  • Remodeling and painting a room
  • Overhauling a piece of equipment
  • Building or reorganizing a farm shop
  • Renovating and restocking a pond
  • Computerizing the records of an agricultural

Supplementary (Minor)
  • A supplementary activity is one where the student
    performs one specific agricultural skill outside
    of normal class time. This skill is not related
    to the major SAE but is normally taught in an
    agricultural program, involves experiential
    learning and does contribute to the development
    of agricultural skills and knowledge on the
    part of the student. The activity is
    accomplished in less than a day and does not
    require a series of steps.

Supplementary Examples
  • Pruning a fruit tree
  • Changing oil in a sod cutter
  • Balling burlaping a tree
  • Helping a neighbor castrate pigs
  • Cutting firewood with a chain saw
  • Staking tomatoes

The End! ! !
SAE and the Full Plate
When thinking about the different components of a
SAE program, it might help to think of a meal. No
one likes an empty plate!
SAE and the Full Plate
If we add a steak to the plate, this is similar
to having an Entrepreneurship SAE. For decades,
Entrepreneurship has been the foundation of SAE.
But a steak by itself doesnt make a balanced
SAE and the Full Plate
The passage of the Vocational Education Act of
1963 caused more interest in off-farm
agriculture. This resulted in adding Placement as
a type of SAE. We can think of the potato as
Placement on our SAE plate.
SAE and the Full Plate
With the increased emphasis on science in
agriculture, a need arose in the 1990s for a new
type of SAE activity - Research. The green beans
represent this addition to our SAE plate.
SAE and the Full Plate
We now have a full plate. However, our meal would
be improved by the addition of several additional
items. These additional items help round our our
SAE plate. We call them minor SAE components.
SAE and the Full Plate
The addition of a soup or salad helps start a
meal. Exploratory activities are designed to help
students start their SAE programs.
SAE and the Full Plate
A beverage would help compliment the meal.
Supplementary SAE activities help complement the
SAE program.
SAE and the Full Plate
Adding a dessert rounds our our meal. Improvement
activities help round out the SAE plate.
SAE and the Full Plate
While a SAE program can contain just one or two
different types of activities, the goal should be
to have a full plate of different activities.
This maximizes learning.
SAE Fill Your Plate