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CLIMATE CHANGE POLICY PROCESS, CONSULTATIVE STRUCTURES AND KEY POLICY ISSUES

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Title: CLIMATE CHANGE POLICY PROCESS, CONSULTATIVE STRUCTURES AND KEY POLICY ISSUES


1
CLIMATE CHANGE POLICY PROCESS, CONSULTATIVE
STRUCTURES AND KEY POLICY ISSUES
  • PRESENTATION TO PORTFOLIO COMMITTEE ON WATER AND
    ENVIRONMENTAL AFFAIRS
  • 01 September 2010

2
THE CLIMATE POLICY PROCESS
  • Policy process launched with Policy Discussion
    Document and Roundtable on Climate Policy held in
    May 2010.
  • Consultation with stakeholder groupings on basis
    of Discussion Document.
  • Internal governmental consultation through IGCCC
    and inputs into draft Green Paper by sector
    departments
  • Draft Green Paper formulated.
  • Draws heavily on inputs received and also on
    information from 2nd National Communication
    update of climate science and status quo in
    relation to climate issues

3
KEY POLICY FOCUS AREAS
  • Adaptation Water, health and agriculture defined
    as absolutely key areas for interventions.
    Emerging approach is that sound sustainable
    development is climate friendly development.
  • Strong emphasis on interventions that focus on
    poor, vulnerable and women. Also focus on scaling
    up of programmes that achieve both poverty
    eradication, job creation and climate objectives.
    Eg Work for Water, Working for Wetlands etc
  • Issue of information and empowering
    municipalities and provinces as well as civil
    society through this is key theme

4
KEY POLICY FOCUS AREAS CONT
  • Mitigation Discussion on both LTMS peak,
    plateau and decline trajectory and Copenhagen
    commitment and how to take these forward
  • Nature of countrys energy mix into the future
    and opportunities and challenges in a low carbon
    transition.
  • Issue of impacts of measures taken by developed
    country to mitigate their emissions and
    implications for South Africa including on trade
  • Need for alignment between climate policy and
    energy plans
  • Financing and means to mobilise both national and
    international finance to support expanded action,

5
SA Deviation from Business As Usual
  • Commitment to reduce emissions by 34 by 2020 and
    42 by 2025, conditional on international deal
    with enabling framework and provision of finance,
    technology and capacity building.
  • Above figures calculated on basis of Long Term
    Mitigation Scenarios (LTMS), Integrated Resource
    Plan for Electricity Sector (IRP) of Dec 2009 and
    activities in the Clean Technology Fund
    Investment Portfolio
  • Presumes that with conditionalities met that
    all actions can be achieved
  • Need to ensure alignment and integration with
    other processes such as IPAP, IRP as well as with
    climate policy process

6
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7
Potential South African NAMAs
  • Focused on the following sectors
  • Land use change
  • Agriculture
  • Waste
  • Industrial process and efficiency
  • Transport (public and liquid fuels)
  • Electricity supply and efficiency
  • Building efficiency

8
  • CLIMATE CHANGE COOPERATIVE GOVERNANCE AND
    STAKEHOLDER CONSULTATION MECHANISMS

9
THE INTERGOVERNMENTAL COMMITTEE ON CLIMATE
CHANGE
  • In order to operationalise cooperative governance
    in the area of climate change, the
    Intergovernmental Committee on Climate Change
    (IGCCC) has been established to foster the
    exchange of information, consultation, agreement,
    assistance and support among the spheres of
    government with respect to climate change and
    governments response to climate change.
  • The IGCCC is constituted of representatives from
    National and Provincial Government Departments at
    Senior Management Level

10
The Intergovernmental Committee on Climate Change
(IGCCC)
  •  
  • The IGCCC was re-established in July 2008 to
    specifically facilitate coordination, cooperation
    and alignment between all climate change affected
    government departments.
  • The IGCCC meets, at least, quarterly and is the
    principle technical structure driving the
    development of the integrated National Climate
    Change Response Policy.
  • Furthermore, the IGCCC is the recognized
    delivery forum for the climate change outputs
    required for the delivery of Presidential Output
    10.

11
Composition of IGCCC
  • The IGCCC is constituted to consist of at least
    two, and at most five representatives from each
    of the government departments
  • National Departments
  • Department of Environmental Affairs
  • Department of Agriculture, Forestry and
    Fisheries
  • Department of Energy
  • Department of Health
  • Department of Human Settlements
  • Department of International Relations and
    Cooperation,
  • Department of Trade and Industry,
  • Department of Housing,
  • Department of Transport,
  • Department of National Treasury
  • Department of Rural Development and Land Reform
  • Department of Science and Technology
  • Department of Social Development
  • Department of Water Affairs
  • Provincial Environment Government Departments

12

Composition of the National Climate Change
Committee (NCCC)
  • The composition of the NCCC is designed to
    provide representation from the main stakeholder
    groups involved in climate change issues across
    South African society.
  • It is an open forum and its composition changes
    over time as its focus changes
  • It is constituted to consist of at least two (and
    at most five) representatives from each of the
    following stakeholder groups

13
Composition of the National Climate Change
Committee (NCCC) contd.
STAKEHOLDER GROUP STAKEHOLDER LIST
BUSINESS AND INDUSTRY Business Unity South Africa (BUSA) Anglo Gold Ashanti ESKOM SASOL Hernic Ferrochrome Chamber of Mines Chemical and Allied Industries Association (CAIA) Paper Manufactures of South Africa (PAMSA) South African Petrolium Industry Association (SAPIA) Palmer Development Group (PDG) PricewaterhouseCoopers PETROSA Delloite Touché
14
Composition of the National Climate Change
Committee (NCCC) contd.
STAKEHOLDER GROUP STAKEHOLDER LIST
NATIONAL DEPARTMENTS Department of Environmental Affairs Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Department of Energy Department of Health Department of Human Settlements Department of International Relations and Cooperation, Department of Trade and Industry, Department of Housing, Department of Transport, Department of National Treasury Department of Public Enterprises Department of Rural Development and Land Reform Department of Science and Technology Department of Social Development Department of Water Affairs
15
Composition of the National Climate Change
Committee (NCCC) contd.
STAKEHOLDER GROUP STAKEHOLDER LIST
PROVINCIAL ENVIRONMENT DEPARTMENTS Gauteng Northern Cape KZN Western Cape Mpumalanga Free State Eastern Cape Limpopo North West
LOCAL GOVERNMENT South African Local Government Association (SALGA) City of Cape Town City of Johannesburg Ethekwini Metropolitan Municipality Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality Mangaung Municipality Buffalo City Municipality
16
Composition of the National Climate Change
Committee (NCCC) contd.
STAKEHOLDER GROUP STAKEHOLDER LIST
DEA PUBLIC ENTITIES South African National Botanical Institute (SANBI) South African Weather Services (SAWS)
NON-GOVERNMENTAL AND COMMUNITY BASED ORGANIZATIONS Climate Justice Network (CJN) Climate Change Adaptation Network (SACN) Earth life South African Climate Action Network (SACAN) World Wildlife Fund (WWF) Climate Action Partnership (CAP) Birdlife South Africa Southern African Faith Communities' Environment Institute (SAFCEI)
17
Composition of the National Climate Change
Committee (NCCC) contd.
STAKEHOLDER GROUP STAKEHOLDER LIST
DEA PUBLIC ENTITIES South African National Botanical Institute (SANBI) South African Weather Services (SAWS)
NON-GOVERNMENTAL AND COMMUNITY BASED ORGANIZATIONS Climate Justice Network (CJN) Climate Change Adaptation Network (SACN) Earth life South African Climate Action Network (SACAN) World Wildlife Fund (WWF) Climate Action Partnership (CAP) Birdlife South Africa Southern African Faith Communities' Environment Institute (SAFCEI)
18
  • ANNEXURE 1
  • POTENTIAL ROLES OF GOVERNMENT DEPARTMENTS IN
    CLIMATE CHANGE WORK

19
National department Sector issues and areas of work for development of the National Climate Change Response Policy
Arts Culture Raising public awareness on climate change impacts, vulnerability, adaptation and mitigation responses, using the creative arts
Agriculture the mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions from the agricultural sector and the adaptation of agriculture to manage and/or minimise the impacts of climate change
Communication the mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions, including through Information and Communication Technology and infrastructure
Education formal and informal education on the mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions and adaptation to the impacts of climate change, including through the integration of climate change issues into the school curriculum.
Environmental Affairs Tourism the mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions from the waste and tourism sector, the adaptation of the marine and terrestrial bio-diversity conservation and tourism sectors to manage and/or minimise the impacts of climate change, be the custodian of the GHG information management system and development of the countrys international negotiation positions
Foreign Affairs manage s bi-lateral, tri-lateral and multi-lateral engagements around climate change and the alignment of foreign policy positions
Health the adaptation of the health sector to manage and/or minimise the impacts of climate change
Housing the mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions from the housing sector, including through energy efficiency and renewable energy initiatives and the adaptation of housing to manage and/or minimise the impacts of climate change, including through the establishment of green building standards
20
SECTOR ISSUES CONTINUED
Labour The building of skills to create green jobs as part of an expanded public works programme on energy efficiency and renewable energy and assist workers in minimising the impacts of climate change
Land the mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions from changes in land use and the adaptation of land use to manage and / or minimise the impacts of climate change
Minerals Energy the mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions from the minerals and energy sector, including mandatory energy efficiency standards, the scaling up of renewable energy, the development of carbon capture and storage and cleaner coal technologies, while ensuring energy access for the poor, fast-tracking the roll-out and scaling up of Working for Energy, integrating climate change issues into integrated energy planning and the adaptation of mining and energy to manage and/or minimise the impacts of climate change
National Treasury Coherent approach to domestic and international funding for mitigation and adaptation, including the use of economic instruments to drive and/or encourage the mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions and adaptation to manage and/or minimise the impacts of climate change
Public Enterprises the mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions from public enterprises and the adaptation of public enterprises to manage and/or minimise the impacts of climate change
21
SECTOR ISSUES CONTINUED
Provincial and Local Government National disaster management and the use of the development planning regime to guide the mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions and adaptation to manage and/or minimise the impacts of climate change, including the climate-proofing of infrastructural development
Public Works the mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions from public infrastructure, including taking the lead on energy efficient buildings and procurement processes, and the adaptation of public infrastructure to manage and/or minimise the impacts of climate change
Science Technology research and development in respect of the mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions and the adaptation to manage and/or minimise the impacts of climate change, the innovative technologies and systems need for both, as well as continuing to enhance research and systematic observation systems
Social Development the adaptation of social services to manage and/or minimise the impacts of climate change
Trade Industry the mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions from the commerce and industry sectors and the adaptation of commerce and industry sectors to manage and/or minimise the impacts of climate change, in the process of strengthening the National Industrial Policy Framework and Action Plan that makes provision for a transition to a low-carbon economy and builds South Africas competitiveness around low-carbon sectors
Transport the mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions from the transport sector, including public transport systems, stringent and escalating fuel efficiency standards and the aggressive promotion of hybrids and electric vehicles and the adaptation of transport infrastructure to manage and/or minimise the impacts of climate change
Water Affairs Forestry the mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions from the water and forestry sectors, including through demand-side management and efficiency, and the adaptation of water and forestry to manage and/or minimise the impacts of climate change, while ensuring the ecological reserve is maintained
22
  • Thank you
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