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TCAP Test Review Benchmark Test 3 Greek and Roman History

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Title: TCAP Test Review Benchmark Test 3 Greek and Roman History


1
TCAP Test Review Benchmark Test 3 Greek and Roman
History
  • Questions 1-38

2
1
  • Ancient Greek communities often thought of
    themselves as separate countries and formed
    politically independent city-states because they
  • A. were separated by mountains and water.
  • B. did not like each other.
  • C. were opposed to democracy.
  • D. believed in philosophy.

3
2
  • Not long after the Trojan War ended,
  • A. many Greeks built Trojan horses.
  • B. Greece fell into the Dark Ages.
  • C. Greek civilization prospered.
  • D. Troy became a great city.

4
3
  • The city of Athens in Greece was different than
    previous civilizations because
  • A. democracy formed the basis of government.
  • B. theocracy formed the basis of government.
  • C. ruling dynasties governed the city.
  • D. Egyptian pharaohs expanded their rule to the
    city.

5
4
  • The myth of Romulus and Remus is a story about
    the
  • A. birth of humanity
  • B. fall of an empire
  • C. founding of a city
  • D. creation of the world

6
5
  • People of Ancient Greece visited oracles to
  • A. do their shopping.
  • B. vote in elections.
  • C. ask advice of their gods.
  • D. pay their taxes and tribute.

7
6
  • The image to the right shows the ruins of a
    structure built by which ancient culture?
  • A. China
  • B. Egypt
  • C. India
  • D. Greece

8
7
  • Which of these events occurred closest in time to
    the founding of the Roman Republic?
  • A. City-states developed in Greece.
  • B. Egypt became a powerful empire.
  • C. Feudalism was established in Europe.
  • D. Ideas of Greece and Rome spread to other areas.

9
8
  • When Alexander the Great attacked the Persian
    Empire, he spread Greek culture and
  • A. destroyed many cities.
  • B. built a series of canals.
  • C. established many cities.
  • D. lost many battles.

10
9
  • The city of Alexandria in Egypt was famous for
    its
  • A. huge library of scrolls.
  • B. many lighthouses.
  • C. army.
  • D. poetry.

11
10
  • After defeating the last Etruscan king, the
    Romans
  • A. created a republic in which citizens voted for
    their leaders.
  • B. were forced to pay tribute to the Greeks.
  • C. fell into the Dark Ages.
  • D. were ruled by one tyrant after another.

12
11
  • When the Roman army conquered an area, it
  • A. forced the people to dress in togas.
  • B. forced the people to become Christians.
  • C. forced the people to become Muslims.
  • D. allowed the people to follow their own
    religions.

13
12
  • The Roman emperors were
  • A. all terrible.
  • B. all insane.
  • C. sometimes good rulers.
  • D. all despised.

14
13
  • Romes location was advantageous for building an
    empire because it was
  • A. at the center of the Mediterranean Sea.
  • B. close to northern Europe.
  • C. full of mountains.
  • D. landlocked.

15
14
  • The Romans were able to build taller buildings
    because
  • A. they used marble.
  • B. they developed concrete.
  • C. learned how to make very tall ladders.
  • D. used trained builders rather than slaves.

16
15
  • Which Roman emperor persecuted Christians?
  • A. Julius Caesar
  • B. Nero
  • C. Caesar Augustus
  • D. Constantine

17
16
  • Christianity spread from the city of
  • A. Jerusalem to Rome.
  • B. Carthage to Alexandria.
  • C. Alexandria to Athens.
  • D. Antioch to Rome.

18
17
  • The founder of Christianity was
  • A. Jesus
  • B. Abraham
  • C. Muhammad
  • D. Moses

19
18
  • A Roman governor condemned Jesus to death because
  • A. the Romans feared Jesus would lead a
    rebellion.
  • B. Jesus was a foreigner.
  • C. Jesus wanted to start his own country.
  • D. Jesus was a slave.

20
19
  • Constantinople became the capital of the Roman
    Empire
  • A. before Diocletian divided the empire.
  • B. after Diocletian divided the empire.
  • C. before the rule of Julius Caesar.
  • D. after Justinian became emperor.

21
20
  • Pax Romana was a period of
  • A. Roman tyranny.
  • B. Roman aggression toward Christians.
  • C. Roman conquering of other lands.
  • D. Roman peace under Caesar Augustus.

22
21
  • Which language is the source of French, Italian,
    Spanish, Portuguese, often called the Romance
    Languages?
  • A. English
  • B. German
  • C. Latin
  • D. Greek

23
22
  • I led an army that conquered Gaul and my strong
    leadership led me to become a powerful dictator
    of the Roman Empire. Who am I?
  • A. Julius Caesar
  • B. Augustus
  • C. Romulus
  • D. Remus

24
23
  • Two epics, or long storytelling poems, about the
    Trojan War are
  • A. Aeneid and Shahname.
  • B. Mahabharata and Ramayana.
  • C. Illiad and Odyssey.
  • D. Republic and Apology.

25
24
  • Rome was built near which river?
  • A. Tigris River
  • B. Tiber River
  • C. Nile River
  • D. Yellow River

26
25
  • Which Roman Emperor became a Christian and
    stopped the persecution of Christians?
  • A. Diocletian
  • B. Constantine
  • C. Justinian
  • D. Charlemagne

27
26
  • What advantage did the location of Greece give
    Greek civilization?
  • A. The Mediterranean Sea isolated Greece from
    foreign cultures.
  • B. The Mediterranean Sea provided easy access to
    other trading posts.
  • C. The Mediterranean Sea was too rough for sea
    invasion.
  • D. The Mediterranean Sea provided fresh water.

28
27
  • The growth of simple farming settlements into
    complex cities led to
  • A. the creation of hunter-gatherer societies.
  • B. the creation of governments.
  • C. the creation of stone tools.
  • D. the creation of nomadic groups.

29
28
  • In which form of government do people pick their
    leaders by voting?
  • A. monarchy
  • B. republic
  • C. theocracy
  • D. dynasty

30
29
  • Which of the following was built during the Roman
    Empire near England to keep out barbarians from
    the west?
  • A. Hadrians Wall
  • B. Great Wall
  • C. Wall of Constantinople
  • D. Circus Maximus

31
30
  • One reason for the fall of the Roman Empire was
  • A. the death of Constantine.
  • B. the empire was too large to effectively
    govern.
  • C. Justinian I conquered the empire.
  • D. Charlemagne established the Holy Roman Empire.

32
31
  • Which sentence is an example of direct democracy?
  • A. Citizens defend their country.
  • B. Citizens elect senators.
  • C. Citizens pay taxes.
  • D. Citizens vote on laws.

33
32
  • Which problem caused the fall of the Roman
    Empire?
  • A. new diseases
  • B. political collapse
  • C. environmental change
  • D. unreliable food sources

34
33
  • The year 500 BCE belongs in which era?
  • A. Renaissance
  • B. Classical Age
  • C. Dark Ages
  • D. Middle Ages

35
34
  • Which of these was the main reason for the fall
    of democratic government in Athens?
  • A. earthquakes that destroyed the city
  • B. drought that ruined crops
  • C. shortages caused by overpopulation
  • D. warfare with other Greek city-states

36
35
  • Which civilization is most associated with the
    terms listed to the side?
  • A. Chinese
  • B. Egyptian
  • C. Mesopotamian
  • D. Roman

Emperor
Senate
Forum
37
36
  • The Greek city-state of Sparta had a society
    organized on which principle?
  • A. monotheism
  • B. philosophy
  • C. militarism
  • D. equality

38
37
Augustus Caesar
  • Which phrase best completes the chart?
  • A. Granted citizens the right to vote
  • B. Established new trade alliances
  • C. Guaranteed freedom of speech to citizens
  • D. Created an empire

Increased size of the Roman Army
?
39
38
  • The Minoans and the Myceneans were early
    inhabitants of which civilization?
  • A. Greece
  • B. Rome
  • C. Egypt
  • D. India
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