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Religious Responses to Embryo Research

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Religious Responses to Embryo Research Christianity The Sanctity of Life Many religious arguments against moral issues are based on the argument known as the sanctity ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Religious Responses to Embryo Research


1
Religious Responses to Embryo Research
  • Christianity

2
The Sanctity of Life
  • Many religious arguments against moral issues are
    based on the argument known as the sanctity of
    life argument
  • This is the idea that human life is sacred or
    holy in some way
  • It has its origin mainly in the Bible
  • In the Book of Genesis, God creates Adam in his
    own image (Gen 27)
  • God breaths life into Adam
  • Life is therefore a gift from God and makes
    humans special
  • All human life, even that of an embryo is sacred
    you knit me together in my mothers womb
  • God has a plan for all human beings
  • Embryo research interferes with that plan as it
    destroys the life of the embryo

3
Strong and Weak Sanctity of Life
  • Strong sanctity of life
  • It is morally wrong to experiment on human life
    at any stage
  • Life begins at the moment of conception
  • Embryo may not be a person but has the potential
    to become one
  • Embryo must be protected as it is Gods creation
  • The end does not justify the means
  • Even if good results, the death of the embryo is
    not a justifiable sacrifice
  • Accepts the slippery slope arguments

4
Weak Sanctity of Life
  • Life begins after the 14th day of fertilization
  • The embryo is not a human person until the
    formation of the primitive streak
  • Before this time the embryo is referred to as a
    pre-embryo
  • Sperm and egg have only the potential to become a
    human person or no person at all
  • Moral consideration can only be applied after the
    14 day period

5
The Catholic Churchs Response
  • Many religious people believe that life is
    sacred, this means that it is holy and given by
    God.
  • To support the argument that life is sacred they
    could say
  • Life is a gift from God
  • Our life is not our own, it belongs to God
  • Only God can decide when a person dies
  • In Genesis 1 Adam (mankind) is created in the
    image of God
  • The breath of God gives life to Adam

6
Bible
  • Psalm 11973 Your hands made and fashioned me
  • Psalm 139 13-14 For it was you who formed my
    inward parts you knit me together in my mothers
    womb
  • No one can interfere with life or death as no one
    can know the mind of God
  • God may have a plan for us, interference with
    that plan is going against God

7
RCC Response
  • In the Catholic Church, life is no less sacred at
    the end than It is at the beginning. The
    Catechism of the Catholic Church states
  • 2258 "Human life is sacred because from its
    beginning it involves the creative action of God
    and it remains for ever in a special relationship
    with the Creator, who is its sole end. God alone
    is the Lord of life from its beginning until its
    end no one can under any circumstance claim for
    himself the right directly to destroy an innocent
    human being."56

8
Catholic View
  • The Church supports the use of adult and
    umbilical stem cells
  • But it is opposed to the use of embryonic stem
    cells because the embryo is destroyed in the
    process
  • It is mostly concerned with the protection of
    innocent life and an embryo is innocent life
  • Cardinal Keith OBrien described hybrid embryos
    as a monstrous attack on human rights, human
    dignity and human life stating that it would
    allow experiments of Frankenstein proportion
  • Pope JP2 said that the right to life is a
    fundamental human right
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