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The American Civil War and the Reconstruction era

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The American Civil War and the Reconstruction era The American Civil War began on April 12, 1861 and ended on May 26, 1865. The Narrative of the Life of Frederick ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The American Civil War and the Reconstruction era


1
The American Civil War and the Reconstruction era
  • The American Civil War began on April 12, 1861
    and ended on May 26, 1865.

2
The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass,
an American Slave
  • C. 1817-1895
  • 21 years of slavery- escaped to free states by
    disguising himself as a sailor where he became a
    Civil Rights advocate
  • Douglass taught to read illegally (Mrs. Auld)
  • Earned international fame as an author and
    speaker
  • This soul that is within me, no man can degrade.

3
Abraham Lincoln 16th President of the UNITED
States
  • 1809-1865
  • Born in Kentucky to illiterate parents, Honest
    Abe was self-educated and was a legislator before
    becoming C in C
  • He was the first American president to be
    murdered in office. His death is one of the most
    famous in American history.
  • As president
  • Dedicated to keeping the union together
  • He was opposed to slavery and thought
  • it to be injustice and bad policy but it is
    important
  • to note that he was not an abolitionist.

4
The Gettysburg Address
  • Battle at Gettysburg July 1-3, 1863
  • Union won the battle and it was a major turning
    point in the war, but the losses, on both sides,
    were staggering. 28K Confederate and 23K Union
    soldiers were killed or wounded.
  • Lincoln delivered this speech on November, 19 of
    that year as he dedicated a cemetery on the
    hallowed ground.

5
The Emancipation Proclamation January 1, 1863
  • This is a widely misunderstood document.
  • Here are some interesting facts
  • Remember, Lincoln was not an abolitionist!
  • The E.P. is more of a symbolic gesture and is not
    really an enforceable law.
  • It applied only to slaves that were owned in
    territories that the Union did not control and
    did not free slaves that were held in places
    loyal to the Union.
  • The E.P. barely affected the Confederacy, but it
    would support the Norths causes and help them
    win the war

6
  • The E.P. inspired nearly 20,000 free slaves to
    join the armed forces and their efforts were key
    in helping the North win the war.

7
An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge
  • Author Ambrose Bierce was a Civil war soldier and
    a first hand witness to many atrocities of war.
  • Often compared to E.A. Poe, Bierce was fascinated
    with strange and horrible death.
  • VANISHED! At 71, he returned to the battle sites
    where he had fought. Then, he went to Mexico to
    report on Pancho Villas war (The Mex.
    Revolution) and was never heard from again!

8
Reconstruction- The Period after the Civil War
  • The war did not end on May 26, 1865 at the
    Appomattox Courthousethere was much healing to
    do.
  • The prosperous, mostly agricultural South had to
    try to rebuild after the devastation of the war-
    without slave labor and, there was still great
    animosity between the sides many wounds would
    have to heal

9
  • Many Northerners moved into the South and were
    hated and referred to as Carpetbaggers- a slur
  • All Americans were affected and had to adjust to
    a life where slave labor did not exist, free
    blacks lived in all states (KKK) and try to put
    away the hurts of the war
  • Mark Twain Most famous American (Reconstruction)
    author

10
Mark Twain
  • Born Samuel Clemens in Hannibal, MS
  • Was affected by the Civil War and the war on
    slavery
  • Grew up along the Mississippi River and was a
    river boat captain for a time
  • Was a humorist (comedian) on the lecture circuit
    and gained immortality with
  • The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
  • The Adventures of Tom Sawyer
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