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Story Elements


Story Elements Some basics that every good story and/or book must have . The time and place of the story is the setting Setting What is the setting? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Story Elements

Story Elements
  • Some basics that every good story and/or book
    must have .

The time and place of the story is the setting
  • What is the setting?
  • Time
  • Place
  • Climate/Weather
  • Immediate Circumstances
  • What is the use of the setting?
  • Create a mood
  • Be the source of conflict or struggle
  • Symbolize an idea
  • Make action seem more real

  • A writer reveals what a character is like
  • and how the character changes throughout the
  • story.
  • Two primary methods of characterization
  • Direct- tells what the character is like
  • Indirect- shows what a character is like by
  • describing how the character looks,
  • telling what the character says and does,
  • telling what other characters say about
  • and do in response to the character

And I dont play the dozens or believe in
standing around with somebody in my face doing a
lot of talking. I much rather just knock you down
and take my chances even if Im a little girl
with skinny arms and a squeaky voice, which is
how I got the name Squeaky. From
Raymonds Run by T. Bambara
Direct Characterization
Indirect Characterization
The old man bowed to all of us in the room.
Then he removed his hat and gloves, slowly and
carefully. From Gentleman of Rio en Medio by
J. Sedillo
The protagonist is the good guy
The antagonist is the bad guy or negative force
Examples of Protagonists vs. Antagonist
Lord of the Rings Frodo Saruman the Wizard
War of the Worlds Ray Ferrier The alien invaders
Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire Harry Potter Lord Voldemort
The Lion, The Witch and The Wardrobe Lucy, Peter, Edmund and Susan The White Witch
Static vs. Dynamic Characters
  • Static character do NOT change in the course of
    the story.
  • Dynamic characters change and evolve in the
    course of the story. (Often good guys will
    become better because they have learned valuable
    moral lessons. Bad guys will become even worse
    for having been beaten and/or humiliated by the

  • Plot is the organized pattern or sequence of
    events that make up a story. Every plot is made
    up of a series of incidents that are related to
    one another.

Mrs. McCoys Explanation of Plot
dénouement/ resolution
  • Exposition Learn about characters and setting,
    possible hint of conflict
  • Rising Action - This part of the story begins to
    develop the conflict(s). A building of interest
    or suspense occurs. Conflict is made clear in
    rising action.
  • Climax - This is the turning point of the story.
    Usually the main character comes face to face
    with a conflict. The main character will change
    in some way.
  • Falling Action - All loose ends of the plot are
    tied up. The conflict(s) and climax are taken
    care of.
  • Resolution/Denouement - The story comes to a
    reasonable ending. Characters return to life
    without conflict

  • Conflict is a struggle between opposing forces
  • Every plot must contain some kind of conflict.
    Without conflict, there is no plot.
  • Stories can have more than one conflict
  • Conflicts can be external or internal
  • External conflict- outside force may be person,
    group, animal, nature, or a nonhuman obstacle
  • Internal conflict- takes place in a characters

Types of Conflict
This type of conflict finds the main character in
conflict with another character, human or not
Character vs. Character Conflict
  • One character must battle another
  • character to gain power, true love,
  • freedom, justice or acceptance
  • One group of characters must free
  • themselves from another
  • One character must confront another
  • to survive

Character vs. Nature Conflict
This type of conflict finds the main character in
conflict with the forces of nature, which serve
as the antagonist.
  • One or more characters are lost in
  • the wilderness (loss of food, shelter,
  • warmth, etc.)
  • One or more characters must face a
  • natural disaster or aid those facing a
  • disaster
  • One or more characters are
  • threatened by predators in nature

Character vs. Society Conflict
This type of conflict has the main character in
conflict with a larger group a community,
society, culture, etc.
  • Character trapped by circumstances of
  • birth
  • Character falsely accused by society
  • Character feels apart from society and
  • discovers own values

Character vs. Self Conflict
In this type of conflict, the main character
experiences some kind of inner conflict.
  • Character finds inner strength
  • despite poor odds
  • Character must develop moral
  • compass
  • Character must discover self-worth

A hint about what will happen next is called
For example, if you hear this
Then you know someones about to get eaten!
A reminder about what happened in the past is
called flashback.
The point of view is the perspective of the story
I was framed! I just wanted to borrow a cup of
That rotten wolf tried to eat us!!!!
Point of View
  • Authors choice of narrator for a story
  • A story can be told in many different ways

1st Person Point of View 2nd Person Point of
View 3rd Person Limited Point of View 3rd
Person Omniscient Point of View
First Person Point of View
In first-person point of view, the narrator is a
character in the story. The narrator, or the one
telling the story, may or may not be reliable in
first person narratives because the narrator is a
character within the story and is likely not
entirely objective.
Second Person Point of View (EXTREMELY RARE)
Second-person point of view directly addresses
the audience with the use of the pronoun you.
Second-person point of view pulls us into the
story by making us one of its characters.
Third Person Limited Point of View
  • The narrator is not involved in the story. The
    narrator can watch the characters in the story
    and may know the feelings, thoughts, beliefs of a
    character or two, but not all characters. The
    narrators view is LIMITED he/she cannot see
    everything and must make inferences about some.

Third Person Omniscient Point of View
  • The narrator is all knowing and all seeing.
  • The narrator knows everything that all the
    characters are thinking, feeling, and believing.
  • To be honest, this type of story doesnt leave
    much to chance so it can be rather boring.

  • A central message, concern, or insight into life
    expressed through a literary work
  • Can be expressed by one or two sentence statement
    about human beings or about life
  • May be stated directly or implied

Sample Theme Topics
  • Teamwork Discrimination Pride
  • Trust Resourcefulness Challenges
  • Ethical dilemmas Nature Leadership
  • Euthanasia Commitment Diversity
  • Freedom Guilt Love
  • Convictions Heroes Community
  • Social change Loss Patriotism
  • Communication Evil Family
  • Friendship Loyalty Power
  • Acceptance Hope Friendship
  • Customs Loneliness Values
  • Money Death War
  • Choices Prejudice
  • Denial Poverty

(This is not an all-inclusive list.)