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To%20Kill%20a%20Mockingbird

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To Kill a Mockingbird By Harper Lee Goals for Lesson We will learn about the following aspects of the novel To Kill a Mockingbird: Author Contextual Setting Novel s ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: To%20Kill%20a%20Mockingbird


1
To Kill a Mockingbird
  • By Harper Lee

2
Goals for Lesson
  • We will learn about the following aspects of the
    novel To Kill a Mockingbird
  • Author
  • Contextual Setting
  • Novels Theme

3
9th Grade Alabama Course of Study Objectives
  • Compare the use of language and literary elements
    and devices, including rhythm, rhyme scheme,
    tone, and plot, in various selections, cultures,
    and genres.
  • Identify literary components that contribute to
    authors style.
  • Determine word meaning in world literature
    selections using word analysis and context clues.
  • Write in narrative, expository, and persuasive
    modes using figurative language and imagery,
    including simile and metaphor, when effective and
    appropriate.

4
AHSGE Reading Objectives
  • Identify supporting details
  • Determine sequence of events
  • Follow directions
  • Identify main ideas
  • Draw conclusions
  • Determine cause and effect
  • Recognize summary statements
  • Analyze literary elements
  • Understand figurative language
  • Determine meaning of words
  • Preview and predict

5
Harper Lee
6
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7
Harper Lee
  • Nellie Harper Lee
  • Born April 28, 1926
  • Monroeville, Alabama
  • Childhood Friend of Truman Capote
  • Studied Law

8
Harper Lee
  • Worked with Capote in Holcomb, Kansas, to
    research In Cold Blood
  • Pulitzer Prize in 1961 for To Kill a
    Mockingbird
  • Lives in New York
  • Very Reclusive

9
SETTING OF THE NOVEL
  • Maycomb, Alabama
  • Southern United States
  • 1930s
  • Great Depression
  • Prejudice and Legal Segregation
  • Ignorance

10
Harper Lee vs. Scout The novel is not
autobiographical, but
  • Harper Lee
  • She grew up in 1930s in rural Alabama town
  • Father was an attorney, who served in the state
    legislature.
  • Older brother and young neighbor (Truman Capote)
    were playmates.
  • She was an avid reader as a child.
  • She was six years old when the Scottsboro trials
    were widely covered in the newspapers.
  • Scout Finch
  • She is growing up in 1930s in rural Alabama town
  • Father is an attorney, who serves in the state
    legislature.
  • Older brother (Jem) and young neighbor (Dill) are
    playmates.
  • She is an avid reader as a child.
  • She is six years old when the trial of Tom
    Robinson takes place.

11
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12
  • 1930s
  • The Great Depression
  • The Dust Bowl

13
1930s - Great Depression began when the stock
market crashed in October, 1929
  • Businesses failed, factories closed.
  • People were out of work.
  • Even people with money suffered because nothing
    was being produced for sale.

14
Causes
  • Farm Depression of the 1920s
  • Prices of farm products fell about 40 in
    1920-1921, and they remained low through the
    1920s.
  • As a result some farmers lost so much money they
    couldnt pay the mortgage on their farms.
  • They either had to rent the land or move.

15
Causes
  • Uneven Distribution of Income
  • Industrial productions increased about 50, but
    the wages of the industrial workers rose far more
    slowly.
  • As a result these workers couldnt buy goods as
    fast as industry produced them.

16
Causes
  • The Stock Market Crash
  • Stock values dropped rapidly on October 24, 1929,
    now known as Black Thursday.
  • The next Monday stock prices fell again.
  • On Tuesday stock holders panicked and sold a
    record 16,410,030 shares of stocks.
  • Thousands of people lost huge sums of money as
    stock values fell far below the prices paid for
    them.

17
Poor people lost their homes, were forced to
live off the land.
18
Unemployment rose to 30
19
Hoovervilles Seattle, Washington
Pres. Herbert Hoover 1929-1933
20
Migrant Farming Camps
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24
The Dust Bowl
25
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26
Dodge City, Kansas
27
Garden City, KS
28
Garden City, KS, 15 Minutes Later
29
Prejudices in the Novel
  • Race
  • Gender
  • Handicaps
  • Rich/Poor
  • Age
  • Religion

30
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31
Racial prejudice was alive well. Although
slavery had ended in 1864, old ideas were slow to
change.
  • The Supreme Court ruled that separate but equal
    was legal. These laws became known as Jim Crow
    Laws.

32
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33
Racial Separation (Segregation)
34
Gender Bias (Prejudice)
  • Women were considered weak
  • Women were generally not educated for
    occupations outside the home
  • In wealthy families, women were expected to
    oversee the servants and entertain guests
  • Men not considered capable of nurturing children

35
Legal Issues of the 1930s
  • Women given the vote in 1920
  • Juries were MALE and WHITE
  • Fair trial did not include acceptance of a
    black mans word against a white mans

36
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39
Point of View
  • First Person Narrative
  • Story is told by Scout, a 10-year-old girl.
  • Harper Lee is actually a woman Scout represents
    the author as a little girl although the story is
    not strictly autobiographical.

40
Characters
  • Atticus Finch - an attorney whose wife has
    died, leaving him to raise their two children
  • -Jem 10-year-old boy
  • -Scout (Jean Louise),
    6-year-old girl

41
  • Tom Robinson a black man accused of raping
    white girl he is defended at trial by Atticus.
  • Calpurnia older black woman who is like a
    mother to the children.
  • Boo a recluse, whom the children love to taunt.

42
Reading the Novel
  • Setting is all important.
  • Point of View the novel is shaped by the voice
    of a young girl who sees the story from a
    position of naïve acceptance.
  • Goodness vs. Ignorance (Evil) is an important
    theme.
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