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PLANTS

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Ideas Plants are made up of different parts. ... Seeds are made from flowers when plants reproduce. Fruit the edible part of a plant which contains seeds. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: PLANTS


1
PLANTS
2
SC-04-3.4.1
  • Each plant or animal has structures that serve
    different functions in growth, survival, and
    reproduction.

3
SC-04-3.4.3
  • Plants and animals have life cycles that include
    the beginning of life, growth and development,
    reproduction and death.

4
Ideas
  • Plants are made up of different parts. Each part
    has a certain job. These parts can also help us
    to identify plants.
  • There are seven basic requirements that plants
    need in order to grow properly.

5
Plant Basic Needs
  • Room to grow
  • Temperature
  • Light
  • Water
  • Carbon dioxide (air)
  • Nutrients
  • Time

6
Vocabulary
  • Plant Structures parts of the plant
  • Ex. Leaves, root, stem, flower, seeds, fruit
  • Leaves help the plant make food through a
    process known as photosynthesis.
  • Root help hold the plant in place and take in
    water and nutrients the plant needs.
  • Stem supports or holds up the plant.
  • Flower helps the plant reproduce.
  • Seeds are made from flowers when plants
    reproduce.
  • Fruit the edible part of a plant which contains
    seeds.

7
Plant Structures
  • Roots
  • Stems
  • Leaves
  • Flowers
  • Fruits
  • Seeds

8
Roots
9
Roots Functions
  • Most roots grow in soil or water.
  • The roots hold the plant in the ground.
  • A plant uses its roots to get water.
  • The water goes through the roots into the plant.
  • Some roots that we eat are carrots, beets,
    turnips, radishes, and sweet potatoes.

10
Stems
11
Stem Functions
  • The stem is the part of a plant between the roots
    and the leaves.
  • The stem holds up the plant. 
  • The stem also carries water and food through the
    stem to the plant.
  • Some stems that we eat are celery, broccoli,
    asparagus, white potatoes, and sugar cane.

12
Leaves
13
Leaf Functions
  • A leaf grows on the stem or branch of a plant.
  • A green plant makes food in its leaves through a
    process known as photosynthesis.  
  • The leaf  has tiny holes that let water vapor and
    air pass through.  
  • The leaves need sunlight, air, and water to make
    the food for the plant. 
  • Some leaves that we eat are lettuce, brussel
    sprouts, spinach, and parsley.

14
Fruit and Seeds
15
Fruit and Seed Functions
  • Seeds are made from flowers.
  • Many plants grow from seeds.
  • Fruits hold seeds.
  • Some fruits that we eat are tomatoes, oranges,
    pears, watermelon, and strawberries

16
Plant Parts Quiz
  • http//www.urbanext.uiuc.edu/gpe/case1/c1m1a.html

17
Flowers
18
Structures of a flower
  • Petal Surrounds the male and female parts and
    is brightly colored to attract insects which help
    pollinate the flower.
  • Stamen The male part of the flower which
    produces pollen.
  • Pistil The female part of the flower which
    contains the seeds.
  • Ovary The part of the pistil which holds the
    flowers seeds.
  • Pollen The yellowish powdery substance on the
    stamen used to fertilize the plant.
  • Seeds Found inside the ovary.

19
Structures of a Flower
20
Flower Functions
  • Flowers grow on the stem of plants.
  • Flowers make seeds.  Many plants grow from
    seeds.  
  • Flowers make fruits.  Fruits hold the seeds of
    the plant.

21
Lets see what you learned
  • Draw a plant. Label its structures.
  • Explain the function of each structure. Dont
    forget to tell how the function contributes to
    the growth, survival, or reproduction of the
    plant.
  • Draw a flower. Label its structures.
  • Explain the function of each structure. Dont
    forget to tell how the function contributes to
    the growth, survival, or reproduction of the
    plant.

22
What Am I ?
  • Using the vocabulary worksheet, help your partner
    learn the names of plant parts by giving clues.
    For example, I take in water and minerals from
    the soil. What am I ?
  • Give your partner one clue for each vocabulary
    word. Once you have completed the list with your
    partner, switch.

23
Identification
  • Draw and label the following parts of a plant.
  • Leaves
  • Roots
  • Flower
  • Fruit
  • Seeds
  • Stem
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