What do we want from e-Voting? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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What do we want from e-Voting?

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What do we want from e-Voting? Stuart Anderson School of Informatics – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: What do we want from e-Voting?


1
What do we want from e-Voting?
  • Stuart Anderson
  • School of Informatics

2
Properties like
  • Accuracy Do we choose individual criteria or
    more socialised criteria?
  • Confidentiality we all know the current system
    isnt how hard should it be to discover how an
    individual (or group) voted?
  • Availability given US experience it seems like
    rationing of timeslots could be a real issue.
  • From a dependability perspective the scope of the
    system we consider is critical and getting
    requirements right at that level
  • We want e-voting to provide part of the mechanism
    to implement democracy.
  • Democracy "The democratic method is that
    institutional arrangement for arriving at
    political decisions in which individuals acquire
    the power to decide by means of a competitive
    struggle for the people's vote." Schumpeter
    (1942)

3
Democracy is in crisis (perhaps)
  • The Power Enquiry, published today
  • http//www.powerinquiry.org/
  • How can democracy survive when we feel
    politicians dont listen?
  • How can politics be revived when fewer and fewer
    of us support political parties?
  • How can voting be encouraged if millions see
    elections as a charade?
  • Elections Minister Harriet Harman will introduce
    measures to combat voting fraud ahead of local
    elections next May.
  • ballot papers with security marks and barcodes to
    enable quick security checks.
  • In 2004 the electoral commissioner said postal
    voting was "wide open to fraud".
  • Six Labour councillors in Birmingham stepped down
    after Sir Richard Mawrey found evidence of postal
    ballot abuse that he said would disgrace a
    "banana republic".

4
Social hazards of e-voting
  • Schumpeter again by means of a competitive
    struggle for the people's vote.
  • It needs to be a struggle, so e-voting shouldnt
    be too easy.
  • Emphasis is often on issues like
  • Large scale fraud of ballot papers
  • Coercion at the point of voting
  • Rationing access to voting registration, supply
    of machines, bandwidth etc.
  • Maybe a bigger hazard is making it easy enough
    for unengaged people to vote.

5
The case of Sweden
  • Traditionally high level of voter participation
    pre 1998, around 85, 1998 77 and dropping.
  • Ny Demokrati, or New Democracy (abbreviated Nyd),
    was a Swedish right-wing political party
    represented in the Riksdag between 1991 and 1994.
  • Campaigned for election to the national
    parliament on an agenda of populism, xenophobia,
    racism and neoliberal economic policy.
  • Opinion polls showed the party getting more than
    10 support.
  • On the election day, it received 6 of the
    national vote.
  • Posed a serious problem in a PR environment.
  • Many in Sweden felt it presaged growing youth
    disillusionment with democracy.
  • Swedes can vote very easily long voting period,
    voting at the post office,

6
Summary
  • Too many politicians see easing the voting
    process as a way of fixing democracy.
  • E-voting is seen as an essential tool
  • Many potentially ignored properties of e-voting
    system may be essential if we are to maintain
    some kind of stability in the competitive
    struggle for votes.
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