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The Civil Rights Movement

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The Civil Rights Movement People of the Movement Events of the Movement Groups of the Movement Legislation of the Movement ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Civil Rights Movement


1
The Civil Rights Movement
  • People of the Movement
  • Events of the Movement
  • Groups of the Movement
  • Legislation of the Movement

2
People of the Movement
3
Head of SCLCOrganized bus boycottInvolved
in Selma marchesBelieved in nonviolent
protestReceived Nobel Peace Prize in
1964Assassinated in 1968
  • Martin Luther King, Jr.

4
Georgia governor (1967-1971)Believed in
segregationFought federal civil rights
effortsEncouraged people to have children
enroll in private school rather than
integrateEnded up appointing more blacks than
other governors
  • Lester Maddox

5
Georgia governor who won in special election
after 3 governors controversyMost of his legacy
in education
  • Herman Talmadge

6
Mentor and teacher to MLKPresident of Morehouse
CollegeBelieved in nonviolence, went to India
and met Ghandi
  • Benjamin Mays

7
Head NAACP lawyer with key victoriesNAACP
lawyer in Brown caseFirst black justice of
Supreme Court
  • Thurgood Marshall

8
First two blacks admitted to the University of
GAGA Governor Vandiver supported the decision
of them entering, although he ran being against
integrationBoth went on to successful careers
Holmes became a doctor and Hunter a journalist
  • Charlayne Hunter and Hamilton Holmes

9
1st black mayor of major Southern city1st black
mayor of Atlantain 1973
  • Maynard Jackson

10
-Served in U.S. Congress-Ambassador to the
United Nations-Elected mayor of Atlanta
1982-Helped Atlanta win bid for 1996 Olympics
  • Andrew Young

11
Events of the Movement
12
Began when Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat
on the busLed by MLK Jr.Boycotted bus system
for over a year
  • Montgomery Bus Boycott

13
-Began when elected Gov. Eugene Talmadge died
before taking office-Supreme Ct. ruled newly
elected Lt. Gov. Thompson was governor, but
special election would be held-Herman Talmadge
then elected (who legislature wanted as gov.)
  • Three Governors Controversy

14
-Led by Dr. William Anderson-Massive boycotts
and sit-ins at major department stores and
restaurants-Not much media attention, movement
collapses
  • Albany Movement

15
-High point of intensive voter registration
project-Also called Mississippi Summer
Project-sent 1000 volunteers to register and
teach civics to blacks-June 1964, mainly
because Mississippi had almost NO black voters
  • Freedom Summer

16
-The Selma to Montgomery marches were three
marches in 1965-Wanted voting right movement in
Selma -Many prominent leaders including Martin
Luther King, Jr.
  • Selma Marches

17
-Largest political protest rally -Goal to
convince President to sign Civil Rights
Bill-More than 200,000 people-MLK Jr. gave I
have a dream speech
  • March on Washington

18
Groups of Movement
19
Goal was to organize students on campuses One
of most active groups in movementInvolved in
nearly every major peaceful campaign
  • SNCC

20
Formed in GeorgiaGoal to discover how people
felt about integrationFound people would rather
close schools than integrate
  • Sibley Commission

21
Congress of Racial EqualityFormed in 1940s to
help end segregation in the NorthWorked with
other groups like the SNCC, SCLC, and NAACP
towards nonviolent protest
  • CORE

22
Formed by W.E.B. DuBois and several white
northernersGoal to achieve legal victories for
blacksGreatest victory Brown decision
  • NAACP

23
Southern Christian Leadership ConferenceFounded
in 1957 by MLKLeaders preached love and
nonviolenceImportant role in many campaigns
1957 to 1965
  • SCLC

24
Legislation of the Movement
25
Supreme Court decision that desegregated public
school in 1954NAACP chief lawyer Thurgood
Marshall argued the caseUnanimous ruling from
Warren Court
  • Brown v. Board of Education

26
1956 new GA flag approvedAfter Brown decision,
some saw it as protest of desegregationOthers
said it reflected heritageChanged in 2001 and
then again in 2003
  • Georgia 1956 flag

27
Signed by Lyndon Johnsontougher bill than JFK
proposedOutlawed discrimination and segregation
based on race, nationality, and gender
  • Civil Rights Act 1964

28
Response to Selma marchesDesigned to safeguard
blacks right to voteOutlawed literacy tests
(poll taxes outlawed in 24th amendment in 1964)
  • Voting Rights Act of 1965
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