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Origins and Implications

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Origins and Implications Principles of Emergency Management Session Objectives Describe the barriers to defining a common set of principles for emergency management ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Origins and Implications


1
Origins and Implications
  • Principles of Emergency Management

2
Session Objectives
  • Describe the barriers to defining a common set of
    principles for emergency management and Homeland
    Security.
  • Discuss the development of the current set of
    principles and their strengths and weaknesses.

3
Session Objectives
  • Identify the similarities and differences between
    Homeland Security and emergency management.
  • Discuss how the principles could be adapted for
    use in both emergency management and Homeland
    Security.

4
Student Activity
  • Define what is meant by a principle

5
Possible Definitions
  • Websters New World Dictionary
  • A fundamental truth, law, doctrine, or motivating
    force upon which others are based
  • Other definitions
  • A basic truth or law or assumption
  • A rule or standard especially of good behavior
  • A basic generalization that is accepted as true
    and can be used as a basis for reasoning or
    conduct

6
Definition of Principles
  • No easy answers
  • research indicates that many if not most hazard,
    disaster, emergency management and related
    organizations have difficulty deciding what a
    principle is as opposed to a goal, value,
    strategy, practice, philosophical orientation,
    task, objective, core topic, etc. Ian Davis

7
Reasons for Divergence in Definitions
  • Differences in fundamental values and
    organizational mandates
  • Addressing disaster management from different
    operational perspectives
  • Working in different parts of the disaster
    management spectrum

8
Student Activity
  • Given the three reasons for divergence, what
    differences might exist between emergency
    management and homeland security?

9
Points of Divergence
  • Emergency Management
  • Homeland Security
  • Values Mandates
  • Relieve suffering through mitigation and response
  • Operational Perspectives
  • Response is a phase
  • Spectrum
  • Mitigation and recovery share equal weight with
    response
  • Values and Mandates
  • Detect and deter terrorism
  • Operational Perspectives
  • Response is an end in itself
  • Spectrum
  • Response-centric
  • Prevention is different from mitigation

10
Other Points of Divergence
  • Emergency managers favor an all-hazards approach
    homeland security favors scenario-based planning
  • Emergency managers recognize the need for both
    formal and informal response mechanisms homeland
    security favors a centralized coordinating
    system.

11
Other Points of Divergence
  • Emergency managers are moving towards
    standards-based programs homeland security has
    no standards on which to base programs.
  • Emergency managers are moving towards
    evidence-based planning based on fifty years of
    research literature homeland security is a new
    discipline with a limited knowledge base.

12
Student Activity
  • Discuss
  • Why are principles important?
  • What value can they add to an organization?

13
Why Are Principles Important?
  • Allow for the creation of more coherent sets of
    policies and procedures.
  • Provide an ethical base for action.
  • Guide various elements in disaster planning and
    implementation.

14
Origins of the POEM Project
  • Email from IAEM President Mike Selves to Wayne
    Blanchard
  • Lack of understanding of what emergency managers
    do.
  • Emergency management lacked a definition and a
    strong theoretical underpinning.
  • An accepted set of principles could be used to
    educate federal employees and elected officials

15
Origins of the POEM Project
  • Blanchard at the direction of Cortez Lawrence,
    EMI Director convenes working group
  • Working group identifies eight principles and a
    definition and vision for EM
  • Work group members gain adoption of the
    principles by major EM organizations

16
Principle Hierarchy
  • Level 1. Ethical, Core Value Principles, which
    relate to the underlying shared beliefs and
    concerns of organizations
  • Level 2. Strategic Principles that concern policy
    direction will be informed and be based upon the
    ethical principles articulated in Level 1

17
Principle Hierarchy
  • Level 3. Tactical Principles that concern the
    practical outworking of the strategic principles
  • Level 4. Implementation Principles that are
    related to all the preceding levels core values,
    strategies and tactics

18
Student Activity
  • Where does the current Principles of Emergency
    Management fall within the principle hierarchy?
  • What are the implications of being at this level?
  • What are the implications for accomplishing lower
    levels?

19
Emergency Management
  • Emergency management is the managerial function
    charged with creating the framework within which
    communities reduce vulnerability to hazards and
    cope with disasters.

20
Homeland Security Eco-system
  • Terrorism
  • All Hazards
  • Terrorism and Catastrophes
  • Jurisdictional Hazards
  • Meta Hazards
  • National Security
  • Security above All

21
Alternative Definitions
  • Emergency management
  • local government function dedicated to preserving
    life and property.
  • focused on science, facts, and the environment
  • Homeland security
  • Federal government function that looks externally
    and targets organizations and individuals who are
    threats to the US.
  • focused on people, beliefs and ideology.

22
Student Activity
  • Identify commonalities between emergency
    management and homeland security.

23
Commonalities
  • Mitigation
  • Core component of EM
  • Prevention key focus of HS, some limited
    mitigation
  • Preparedness
  • EM focuses on increased capacity through building
    community resilience
  • HS focus builds operational capabilities

24
Commonalities
  • Response
  • EM focuses on relief to victim suffering
  • HS focuses on restoring critical infrastructure
    and investigation
  • Recovery
  • EM focuses on community restoration for all
    events
  • HS focuses on catastrophic events

25
Student Activity
  • Given the divergence between the two disciplines
    and the differences even where they have areas in
    common, can the Principles of Emergency
    Management be adapted to guide both?

26
Conclusion
  • Emergency management and homeland security share
    many commonalities, suggesting that it may be
    possible to develop a common set of principles.
  • In many cases, there is congruence at the higher
    strategic level but considerable divergence at
    the operational and implementation levels.

27
Conclusion
  • Despite these similarities, however, there are
    differences in the fundamental frame of reference
    for each discipline that may preclude the use of
    the Principles of Emergency Management as they
    currently exist.
  • Modifying the current Principles may well degrade
    their utility to the emergency management
    community.
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