Ch. 16: Section IV: Africa and the Atlantic Slave Trade (Pages 377-381) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Ch. 16: Section IV: Africa and the Atlantic Slave Trade (Pages 377-381)

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Ch. 16: Section IV: Africa and the Atlantic Slave Trade (Pages 377-381) This section is about: How European explorers of Africa encouraged the use of slave labor and ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ch. 16: Section IV: Africa and the Atlantic Slave Trade (Pages 377-381)


1
Ch. 16 Section IV Africa and the Atlantic
Slave Trade (Pages 377-381)
  • This section is about
  • How European explorers of Africa encouraged the
    use of slave labor and eventually led to the
    Atlantic slave trade.
  • Triangular trade and its impact on enslaved
    Africans in the Americas as well as on West
    African culture and population.

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  • There were a lot of peoples involved in the slave
    trade more than just Africans and Americans
  • One of the vocabulary word definitions on page
    377 shows that (triangular trade).
  • Also look at the Main Ideas on page 377

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European Exploration in Africa
  • Slavery had been in the world since ancient
    times.
  • Whats different about this time is the levels
    that it reached by the 1500s.
  • This mostly goes back to Europeans exploring
    Africa and a way around it in the 1400s (Henry
    the Navigator, Vasco da Gama..)

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Slavery in Africa
  • African slavery was around even in 1000 AD.
  • Often it was as punishment for criminals and
    prisoners of war.
  • Sometimes they were more servants than slaves,
    some could even earn their freedom, and it was
    not hereditary.
  • These forms of slavery changed when the Europeans
    showed up they considered these people
    possessions they could buy and sell and use for
    all kinds of labor.

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The Portuguese in Africa
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  • Remember the Portuguese exploring and building
    forts?
  • Some Africans were sold to these Portuguese as
    early as 1440 (sometimes by African rulers).
  • After they built some colonies (in/near Africa),
    the Portuguese needed more workers, and they now
    knew where to get them.
  • They did not treat them well making them work
    long hours (looking for gold) under harsh
    conditions.

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The Atlantic Slave Trade
  • In Europe, slavery was just about gone by the
    1400s.
  • But the Portuguese got it going again.
  • By 1600, 275,000 Africans had been shipped across
    the Atlantic.
  • In the 1700s, there were about 6 million more.

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Plantation Laborers
  • By the 1520s Spain and Portugal were sending
    slaves to the Caribbean (where they grew sugar
    cane).
  • Sugar Plantations needed a lot of (cheap) labor
    to work the fields and make a profit (no machines
    then).
  • They had tried to use Native Americans, but many
    of them had died from diseases.
  • Remember Bartolome de las Casas? (He was a big
    defender of Native Americans).
  • He also convinced everyone Africans could fight
    the diseases better than Native Americans.

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Competing for Trade
  • The Portuguese were the first big slave trading
    country.
  • Then, the Dutch (and the Dutch West India
    Company) took control of the West African Coast
    and by 1640 were the main slave suppliers to the
    Spanish in the Caribbean.
  • They eventually even took over all the Portuguese
    forts along the coast
  • England and France also were starting to build
    some colonies at this time.
  • .

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  • The French and English didnt want the Dutch
    getting all the money from this trade, so they
    started to form their own trading companies.
  • And, some wars developed over this and power in
    general between the English, the French, and
    the Dutch.
  • The Dutch lost some power during this leaving
    England and France to compete for dominance (with
    England a little stronger).

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Triangular Trade Routes
  • This slave trade was just one part of a
    triangular trade.
  • Again lets look at U.S. History class
    information.
  • ..

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6-8
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The Middle Passage
  • If 6-7 million Africans were slaves more than
    that were actually taken from Africa. We dont
    know how many, but X didnt survive the trip
    (disease, harsh treatment, disasters at sea).
  • There was great suffering on the trip.
  • People chained together.
  • Cramped closed in places.
  • Rarely allowed above deck.
  • Food one/twice a day
  • Some tried to jump overboard.
  • Resisters were beaten/tortured.
  • And once you survived the trip it may even get
    worse

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Impact of the Slave Trade on Western Africa
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  • We always look at what happened with slavery in
    the Americas.
  • But, dont ever forget what it did to Africa
    they lost a lot of people.
  • Some groups and some cultures of Africa were lost
    forever.
  • Many of the strongest and best men of Africa were
    taken from their own people.
  • The distrust among Africans (with each other) led
    to many other problems some still today

Finsih the rest on your own
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This is the last slide for today
Make sure page "J" is completed
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